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Adeane, Michael Edward, Baron Adeane (1910–1984), courtier, was born on 30 September 1910 in London, the only son of Captain Henry Robert Augustus Adeane of the Coldstream Guards, who was killed in action in 1914, and his wife, Victoria Eugenie (d. 1969)...

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Adelaide [Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen] (1792–1849), queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, consort of William IV, was the eldest child of George Frederick Charles, duke of Saxe-Meiningen (d. 1803), and Louisa Eleanora (d. 1837), daughter of Christian Albert, ...

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Adolphus Frederick, Prince, first duke of Cambridge (1774–1850), viceroy of Hanover, army officer, and son of George III, was born at the Queen's Palace (now Buckingham Palace), St James's Park, London, in the evening of 24 February 1774, the tenth child and seventh son of ...

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Albert [Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha] (1819–1861), prince consort, consort of Queen Victoria, was born on 26 August 1819 at the ducal summer residence of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, the Rosenau, on the southern edge of the forest of Thuringen, about 4 miles...

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Albert Victor, Prince, duke of Clarence and Avondale (1864–1892), grandson of Queen Victoria, was born Albert Victor Christian Edward at Frogmore, near Windsor Castle, Berkshire, on 8 January 1864, the eldest son of the prince and princess of Wales (later Edward VII and ...

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Alexandra [Princess Alexandra of Denmark] (1844–1925), queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the British dominions beyond the seas, and empress of India, consort of Edward VII, was born at the Gule or Yellow Palace in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 1 December 1844 and was given the names ...

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Alexandra, Princess [married name Princess Arthur of Connaught], suo jure duchess of Fife (1891–1959), nurse and granddaughter of Edward VII, was born Alexandra Victoria Alberta Edwina Louise on 17 May 1891 at East Sheen Lodge, Richmond, Surrey. She was the elder daughter and second child of ...

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Alfred, Prince, duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900), duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, naval officer, and son of Queen Victoria, was born Alfred Ernest Albert at Windsor Castle on 6 August 1844, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. An extroverted child, his capacity for learning delighted his parents. They feared that the comparative academic weakness of his elder brother ...

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Alice, Princess [married name Princess Louis of Hesse] (1843–1878), grand duchess of Hesse, consort of Louis IV, and daughter of Queen Victoria, was born Alice Maud Mary at Buckingham Palace in the early morning of 25 April 1843, the third child and second daughter of ...

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Amelia [Emily], Princess (1711–1786), daughter of George II, was born on 30 May/10 June 1711 at the palace of Herrenhausen in Hanover, Germany, the summer residence of her grandfather, Georg Ludwig, elector of Hanover (from 1714 King George I of Great Britain), the second daughter of ...

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Anne [née Anne Hyde], duchess of York (1637–1671), first wife of James II, was born on 12 March 1637 at Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor Park, the eldest daughter of Sir Edward Hyde (1609–1674), created earl of Clarendon in 1661, and Frances, daughter of ...

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Anne (1665–1714), queen of Great Britain and Ireland, was born at St James's Palace, Westminster, on 6 February 1665. She was the fourth child and second daughter of James, duke of York (1633–1701) [see James II and VII], subsequently king of England, Scotland, and Ireland...

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Anne, princess royal (1709–1759), princess of Orange, consort of William IV, was born on 2 November 1709 at the Leine palace, Hanover, the second child and eldest daughter of George Augustus, electoral prince of Hanover, later George II of Great Britain (1683–1760), and his wife, ...

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Anstis, John (1669–1744), herald and antiquary, was born at St Neot, Cornwall, on 28 or 29 August 1669, the first son of John Anstis (d. 1692), registrar of the archdeaconry of Cornwall, and Mary (1641×52–1669), daughter of George Smith of Lantewy and ...

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Arkwright, Richard (1755–1843), cotton manufacturer and landowner, was born on 19 December 1755 at Bolton, Lancashire, the only son of Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792), cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Patience (d. 1756), daughter of Robert Holt. In 1780 he married Mary (...

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Arthur, Prince, first duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1850–1942), governor-general of Canada, army officer, and son of Queen Victoria, was born at Buckingham Palace, London, the third son and seventh of the nine children of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, on 1 May 1850, the birthday of his godfather, the ...

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Astley, John (c. 1507–1596), courtier, was the eldest son of Thomas Astley (d. in or after 1514), landowner, of Hill Morton and Melton Constable, Norfolk, and his second wife, Anne (d. in or after 1508), daughter and coheir of John Wood...

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Augusta [Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha], princess of Wales (1719–1772), consort of Frederick Lewis, prince of Wales, was born in Gotha, capital of the German principality of Saxe-Gotha, in Thuringia, on 19 November 1719 os, the fourth (but second surviving) daughter and thirteenth child of ...

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T. F. Henderson

revised by John Van der Kiste

Augustus Frederick, Prince, duke of Sussex (1773–1843), sixth son and ninth child of George III and Queen Charlotte, was born at Buckingham House (later Palace) on 27 January 1773. From 1786, when he entered the University of Göttingen, until 1804, he mostly resided abroad. As a young man, he suffered severely from asthma; too delicate to join the ...

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Bacon [née Cooke], Anne, Lady Bacon (c. 1528–1610), gentlewoman and scholar, was probably born at Gidea Hall, Essex. She was third of the nine children of Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6–1576), one of the humanist educators who tutored Edward VI, and Anne (...