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Arkwright, Richard (1755–1843), cotton manufacturer and landowner, was born on 19 December 1755 at Bolton, Lancashire, the only son of Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792), cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Patience (d. 1756), daughter of Robert Holt. In 1780 he married Mary (...

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Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835), politician and landowner, was born at Walcot, Oxfordshire, on 9 August 1757, first-born of two sons and five daughters of Francis Basset (1715–1769), MP and landowner, of Tehidy, Cornwall, and his wife, Margaret...

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Boyle, Richard, first earl of Cork (1566–1643), landowner and administrator, was born at Preston, near Faversham in Kent, on 13 October 1566, the second son of Roger Boyle (d. 1576), landowner, and his wife, Joan, daughter of Robert Naylor. Roger Boyle, a cadet of a ...

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Byrd, William (1674–1744), landowner and diarist, was born on 28 March 1674 near the fall line of the James River, Virginia, the first of five children of William Byrd (1652–1704), colonial officer and planter, and Mary Horsmanden Filmer (1650–1699), a well-connected widow and daughter of ...

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Carington, Charles Robert Wynn- [formerly Charles Robert Carrington], marquess of Lincolnshire (1843–1928), politician and landowner, was born in Whitehall, London, on 16 May 1843, the elder son of Robert John Carrington (formerly Smith), second Baron Carrington, and his second wife, Charlotte, younger daughter of ...

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Cavendish, William, seventh duke of Devonshire (1808–1891), landowner and industrialist, was born on 27 April 1808, in Charles Street, Berkeley Square, London, the eldest of the four children of William Cavendish (1783–1812) and his wife, the Hon. Louisa O'Callaghan (d. 1863), eldest daughter of ...

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Chichester, Rosalie Caroline (1865–1949), landowner, was born on 29 November 1865 at Arlington Court, Devon, the only child of Sir Alexander Palmer Bruce Chichester (1842–1881), baronet, and his wife, Rosalie Amelia (1842/3–1908), daughter of Thomas Chamberlayne of Cranbury Park, Hampshire. Both parents came from long-established, well-connected ‘county’ families. Her paternal grandfather, ...

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Clinton, Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-, fourth duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1785–1851), landowner and politician, was the elder son of Thomas Pelham-Clinton, third duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1752–1795), and his wife, Lady Anna Maria Stanhope (1760–1834), fifth daughter of William Stanhope, second earl of Harrington...

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Clutterbuck, Robert (1772–1831), local historian and landowner, was born and baptized at Watford House, High Street, Watford, in Hertfordshire, on 28 January 1772. He was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Clutterbuck the younger (1744–1791) and Sarah Thurgood (1749–1788), daughter of Robert and ...

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Cowper, Francis Thomas de Grey, seventh Earl Cowper (1834–1905), politician and landowner, was born on 11 June 1834 in Berkeley Square, London. Styled Viscount Fordwich until he succeeded to his father's title, he was the eldest in the family of two sons and four daughters of ...

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Dudley, Sir Robert (1574–1649), mariner and landowner, was born at Sheen House, Richmond, Surrey, on 7 August 1574, the son of Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester (1532/3–1588), and Douglas Sheffield (née Howard), Lady Sheffield (1542/3–1608). The status of his birth, which was to become the leading obsession of his life, is still debated, as are the circumstances of his early life, due in part to his own deliberate exaggerations and falsifications. Despite his mother's later claim that she refused to surrender him to ...

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Fane, Lady Rachael [married namesRachael Bourchier, countess of Bath; Rachael Cranfield, countess of Middlesex] (bap. 1613, d. 1680), estate manager and benefactor, was baptized at Mereworth, Kent, on 28 January 1613, one of the fourteen children of Sir Francis Fane (1583/4–1629), later ...

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Fitzwilliam, William Wentworth, second Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Great Britain, and fourth Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Ireland (1748–1833), politician and landowner, was born William Fitzwilliam at Milton House, near Peterborough, on 30 May 1748, the eldest son of William Fitzwilliam, ...

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Gilbert, Thomas (bap. 1720, d. 1798), land agent and poor law reformer, was baptized on 26 January 1720 in Cotton, Staffordshire, the eldest son of Thomas Gilbert, a small landowner engaged in farming and mining, and his wife, Elizabeth. He was admitted to the ...

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Grey, Edward, Viscount Grey of Fallodon (1862–1933), politician, countryman, and author, was born in London on 25 April 1862, the eldest of the seven children, four sons and three daughters, of Colonel George Henry Grey (1835–1874) and his wife, Harriet Jane (1839–1905), youngest daughter of ...

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Grosvenor, Hugh Lupus, first duke of Westminster (1825–1899), landowner, racehorse owner, and politician, was born on 13 October 1825 at Eaton Hall, Cheshire, the second but first surviving son, and fifth of the thirteen children, of Richard Grosvenor, second marquess of Westminster (1795–1869)...

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Grosvenor, Richard, first Earl Grosvenor (1731–1802), politician and landowner, was born on 18 June 1731 at Eaton Hall, Cheshire, the elder son of Sir Robert Grosvenor, sixth baronet (1695–1755), MP for Chester from 1733 to 1755, and Jane (1704/5–1791), daughter of Thomas Warre...

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Harington, John, first Baron Harington of Exton (1539/40–1613), courtier and landowner, was the eldest son of Sir James Harington (c.1511–1592), landowner and administrator, of Exton Hall, Rutland, and his wife, Lucy (c.1520–c.1591), daughter of Sir William Sidney...

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Hastings, Henry (bap. 1562, d. 1650), landowner and eccentric, was the second son of George Hastings (d. 1604), who in 1595 became fourth earl of Huntingdon, and his wife, Dorothy Port (d. 1607). His epitaph states that he died on 5 October 1650, aged ninety-nine, so indicating that he was born in 1550 or 1551, but this exaggerates his age. His parents were married in 1557, his elder brother was born in 1560, and ...

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Hoare, Sir (Richard) Colt, second baronet (1758–1838), landowner and antiquary, was born on 9 December 1758 at Barn Elms, Barnes, Surrey, the eldest son of Sir Richard Hoare, first baronet (1735–1787), banker, and Anne Hoare (1737–1759), known as Nanny, daughter of Henry Hoare (1705–1785)...