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Anning, Mary (1799–1847), fossil collector and dealer, was born on 21 May 1799 in a seaside house in Lyme Regis, Dorset. She and her brother Joseph (1796–1849) were the only surviving children of Richard Anning (c.1766–1810), cabinet-maker and carpenter, and his wife, ...

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Anstis, John (1669–1744), herald and antiquary, was born at St Neot, Cornwall, on 28 or 29 August 1669, the first son of John Anstis (d. 1692), registrar of the archdeaconry of Cornwall, and Mary (1641×52–1669), daughter of George Smith of Lantewy and ...

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Ashmole, Elias (1617–1692), astrologer and antiquary, was born on 23 May 1617 at Lichfield in Staffordshire, the son of Simon Ashmole, a saddler, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Anthony Bowyer, a Coventry draper whose family was of gentry status. Ashmole's grandfather Thomas Ashmole...

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Ayscough, Samuel (1745–1804), librarian and antiquary, was born in Nottingham and baptized at St Peter's, Nottingham, on 29 November 1745, the only son of George Ayscough (1721/2–1783), printer, and his second wife, Edith Wigley. His grandfather, William Ayscough, was a stationer and printer in ...

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Bagford, John (1650/51–1716), bookseller and antiquary, was born in Fetter Lane, London, the son of John Bagford. Very little is known about his early life and family background. He was trained and worked as a shoemaker and wrote a little tract about this trade (...

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Bankes, William John (1786–1855), traveller and antiquary, was born on 11 December 1786, second son of Henry Bankes (1757–1834) of Kingston Lacy, Dorset, politician and author, and his wife, Frances (1760/61–1823), daughter of William Woodley, governor of the Leeward Islands, and the elder brother of ...

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Banks, Sarah Sophia (1744–1818), collector of antiquarian items, was born on 28 October 1744 at 30 Argyll Street, London, the second child and only daughter of William Banks (1719–1761), gentleman, and his wife, Sarah Bate (1709–1804). While her brother, Sir Joseph Banks, largely devoted his collecting to the realm of natural history, ...

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Barnes, Joshua (1654–1712), Greek scholar and antiquary, was born on 10 January 1654, the son of Edward Barnes, a tailor from St Stephen, Coleman Street parish, London; he was baptized at St Giles Cripplegate on 22 January. He was educated at Christ's Hospital...

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Barrington, Daines (1727/8–1800), judge, antiquary, and naturalist, was born at Becket in the parish of Shrivenham in Berkshire, the fourth son and fourth of nine children of John Shute Barrington, first Viscount Barrington (1678–1734), barrister and politician, and his wife, Anne (d...

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Beard, William (1772–1868), tourist guide and collector of bones, was born on 24 April 1772 at Woolvershill, Banwell, Somerset, the eldest of the eight children of John Beard (1738–1801), a farmer, and his second wife, Ann Poole (1760–1833). He was educated by John Tuckey...

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Benett, Etheldred (1775–1845), fossil collector and geologist, was born on 22 July 1775 at Pyt House, Tisbury, Wiltshire, the eldest daughter of Thomas Benett (c.1729–1797) and Catherine Darell (d. 1780). Her eldest surviving brother, John (1773–1852), was a deputy lieutenant and magistrate for ...

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J. T. Gilbert

revised by Colin Lee

Betham, William (1749–1839), antiquary, the third son of William Betham (b. 1698), was born at Little Strickland, near Morland, Westmorland, on 17 May 1749. His family seems to have been settled in the county from the twelfth century, and to have derived its name from the little village of ...

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Bliss, Philip (1787–1857), antiquary and book collector, was the elder son of Philip Bliss (d. 1803), rector of Dodington and Frampton Cotterell, near Chipping Sodbury, Gloucestershire, where Bliss was born on 21 December 1787. His mother was Anne, daughter of Thomas Michell...

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Boileau, Sir John Peter (1794–1869), antiquary, was born at Hertford Street, London, on 2 September 1794, the eldest son of the John Peter Boileau (1747–1837) and his wife, Henrietta (d. 1817), the daughter of the Revd George Pollen of Little Bookham, Surrey...

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Brand, John (1744–1806), antiquary and topographer, was born on 19 August 1744 at Washington in co. Durham, where his father, Alexander Brand, was the parish clerk. Little is known of his mother, Elizabeth Wheatley, who died shortly after he was born. When his father remarried ...

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Britton, John (1771–1857), antiquary and topographer, was born on 7 July 1771 at Kington St Michael, near Chippenham, Wiltshire, the son of Henry Britton, a small farmer, maltster, baker, and village shopkeeper, and his wife, Anne Hillier. His mother died young, having reared ten children, of whom ...

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Buckler, Benjamin (1716/17–1780), antiquary, was born at Warminster, Wiltshire, the son of Thomas Buckler, gentleman, of Warminster. He matriculated on 15 February 1733 aged sixteen as a member of Oriel College, Oxford, whence he graduated BA in 1736 and proceeded MA in 1739, when he was elected a fellow of ...

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Burton, William (1575–1645), antiquary, was born on 24 August 1575, the eldest son of Ralph Burton (1547–1619) of Lindley, Leicestershire, and Dorothy (b. 1550), daughter of William Faunt of Foston, Leicestershire. He was educated, along with his younger brother Robert Burton (1577–1640)...

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Carew, Richard (1555–1620), antiquary and poet, was born on 17 July 1555 at Antony House, Torpoint, Cornwall, the eldest son among the three children of Thomas Carew (c.1527–1564) and his wife, Elizabeth Edgcumbe. His father having died when he was eight, ...

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Chalmers, George (bap. 1742, d. 1825), antiquary and political writer, was born in Fochabers, Moray, and baptized there on 26 December 1742, the son of James Chalmers, postmaster at Fochabers, and his wife, Isabella Ruddock. He attended the parish school of Bellie and later appears to have studied at ...