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Addington, Henry, first Viscount Sidmouth (1757–1844), prime minister, was born on 30 May 1757, the fourth child and eldest son of Anthony Addington (1713–1790), physician, and his wife, Mary (d. 1778), daughter and heir of the Revd Haviland John Hiley, headmaster of ...

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Baldwin, Stanley, first Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (1867–1947), prime minister, was born at Lower Park House, Bewdley, Worcestershire, on 3 August 1867, the only child of Alfred Baldwin (1841–1908) and his wife, Louisa Macdonald (1845–1925) [[see Baldwin, Louisa], under [Macdonald sisters...

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Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930), prime minister and philosopher, was born on 25 July 1848 at Whittingehame House, East Lothian, the third of eight children and eldest son of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner (and MP, 1841–7), and his wife, ...

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Bentinck, William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-, third duke of Portland (1738–1809), prime minister, was born on 14 April 1738, the eldest son of William Bentinck, second duke of Portland (1709–1762), courtier and landowner, and his wife, Lady Margaret Cavendish Harley (1715–1785), the only daughter and heir of the ...

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Brooke, Basil Stanlake, first Viscount Brookeborough (1888–1973), prime minister of Northern Ireland, was born on 9 June 1888 at Colebrooke Park, co. Fermanagh, Ireland, the eldest of five children (three sons and two daughters) of Sir Arthur Douglas Brooke, fourth baronet (1865–1907), of ...

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Canning, George (1770–1827), prime minister and parodist, was born in Marylebone, Middlesex, on 11 April 1770, the son of George Canning (1736–1771) and his wife, Mary Ann Costello (1747?–1827). His parents were both Irish; he described himself as 'an Irishman born in London...

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Cecil, Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-, third marquess of Salisbury (1830–1903), prime minister, was born at Hatfield House, Hertfordshire, on 3 February 1830, the fifth of six children and third of four sons of James Brownlow William Cecil, second marquess of Salisbury (1791–1868), and his first wife, ...

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Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer (1874–1965), prime minister, was born at Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, the family home of the dukes of Marlborough, on 30 November 1874. His father, Lord Randolph Henry Spencer Churchill (1849–1895), was the third son of the seventh duke and a descendant of ...

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Clark, James Dawson Chichester-, Baron Moyola (1923–2002), prime minister of Northern Ireland, was born on 12 February 1923 at Moyola Park, near Castledawson, co. Londonderry, the elder son and eldest of three children of Captain James Jackson Lenox Conyngham Chichester-Clark (formerly Clark) (1884–1933)...

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Compton, Spencer, earl of Wilmington (c. 1674–1743), prime minister, was the sixth son of James Compton, third earl of Northampton (1622–1681), his third son with his second wife, Mary (d. 1719), the eldest daughter of Baptist Noel, third Viscount Campden. He was educated at ...

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Disraeli, Benjamin, earl of Beaconsfield (1804–1881), prime minister and novelist, was born on 21 December 1804 at 6 King's Road, Bedford Row, London, the eldest son and second of five children of Isaac D'Israeli (1766–1848) and his wife, Maria (1775–1847), daughter of Naphtali...

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Eden, (Robert) Anthony, first earl of Avon (1897–1977), prime minister, was born at Windlestone Hall, Ferryhill, co. Durham, on 12 June 1897. He was the third of the four sons, and the fourth of the five surviving children, of Sir William Eden (1849–1915), ...

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FitzRoy, Augustus Henry, third duke of Grafton (1735–1811), prime minister, was born on 28 September 1735, the elder of the two surviving sons of Lord Augustus FitzRoy (1716–1741), a naval officer and the younger son of Charles FitzRoy, second duke of Grafton, and his wife, ...

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Gladstone, William Ewart (1809–1898), prime minister and author, was the fifth child and fourth and youngest son of Sir John Gladstone, first baronet (1764–1851), and his second wife, Anne, née Robertson (1771/2–1835). His parents named him William Ewart after their radical friend of that name, who, like them, was part of the Scottish commercial community in ...

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Gordon, George Hamilton-, fourth earl of Aberdeen (1784–1860), prime minister and scholar, first child of six sons and a daughter of George Gordon, Lord Haddo (1764–1791), and his wife, Charlotte (or Charles; d. 1795), the youngest daughter of William Baird of Newbyth, Haddingtonshire...

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J. V. Beckett and Peter D. G. Thomas

Grenville, George (1712–1770), prime minister, was born at Wotton, Buckinghamshire, on 14 October 1712, the second of the six sons of Richard Grenville (1678–1727), landowner and whig MP, and his wife, Hester (bap. 1684, d. 1752), the second daughter of Sir Richard Temple, ...

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Grenville, William Wyndham, Baron Grenville (1759–1834), prime minister, was born on 24 October 1759 at Wotton House, Buckinghamshire, the fifth of seven children and the youngest son of George Grenville (1712–1770), prime minister, and Elizabeth Wyndham (1720–1769), daughter of Sir William Wyndham, third baronet...

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Grey, Charles, second Earl Grey (1764–1845), prime minister, was born at Fallodon, Northumberland, on 13 March 1764, the second but eldest surviving son of General Sir Charles Grey KB (1729–1807) and his wife, Elizabeth (1743/4–1822), daughter of George Grey of Southwick, co. Durham...

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Heath, Sir Edward Richard George [Ted] (1916–2005), prime minister, was born at 1 Holmwood Villas, Albion Road, Broadstairs, Kent, on 9 July 1916, the elder son of William George Heath (1888–1976), carpenter and builder, and his wife, Edith Annie, née Pantony (d...

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Holles, Thomas Pelham-, duke of Newcastle upon Tyne and first duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1693–1768), prime minister, was born in Sussex on 21 July 1693, the eldest son of Thomas Pelham (c. 1653–1712) and his second wife, Lady Grace Holles (d...