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Allen, John Willoughby Tarleton (1904–1979), colonial administrator and Swahili scholar, was born at Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire, on 14 November 1904, the second child and only son of the vicar, the Revd Roland Allen (1868–1947), writer and theologian, and his wife, Mary Beatrice, ...

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Brazil, Angela (1868–1947), children's writer, was born at 1 West Cliff, Preston, Lancashire, on 30 November 1868, the younger daughter and fourth child of Clarence Brazil (1831–1899) and his wife, Angelica McKinnell (1835/6–1915). The Brazils were of Irish descent and Angela was proud of her ‘Celtic’ ancestry, but with her dark hair and eyes she resembled in appearance her half-Spanish mother. ...

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Broome, William (bap. 1689, d. 1745), translator and poet, was born at Haslington, Cheshire, and baptized there on 3 May 1689, the son of Randle Broome, a farmer. He was first educated at Eton College, where he was captain of the school until he was eventually sent to ...

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Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612), divine and Hebraist, was born in Oldbury, Shropshire, the son of Robert Broughton of Broughton, Shropshire. He referred to himself as of Welsh descent but nothing more certain is known. He received his early education from Bernard Gilpin, who prepared him for university and sent him to ...

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A. T. Quiller-Couch

revised by Nilanjana Banerji

Butler, Arthur John (1844–1910), Italian scholar and mountaineer, born at Putney, Surrey, on 21 June 1844, was the eldest of the six children of William John Butler (1818–1894), at that time curate of Puttenham, near Guildford, Surrey, but best-known as the dean of ...

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Carey, Henry, second earl of Monmouth (1596–1661), translator, eldest son of Robert Carey, first earl of Monmouth (1560–1639), and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1641), daughter of Sir Hugh Trevannion and widow of Sir Henry Widdrington of Swynburne Magna, was born at Denham, Buckinghamshire...

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Carey, William (1761–1834), orientalist and missionary, was born on 17 August 1761 at Paulerspury, Northamptonshire, the eldest of the five children of Edmund Carey and Elizabeth Wells. His father, originally a weaver, became in 1767 parish clerk and schoolmaster, which gave Carey access to a wide range of books. At the age of about fourteen he was apprenticed to a shoemaker in the hamlet of nearby ...

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Carter, Elizabeth (1717–1806), poet, translator, and writer, was born on 16 December 1717 at Deal in Kent, the first child and eldest daughter of the Revd Nicolas Carter (1688–1774), perpetual curate of Deal Chapel, and one of the six preachers at Canterbury Cathedral...

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Cary [née Tanfield], Elizabeth, Viscountess Falkland (1585–1639), writer and translator, was born at Burford Priory, Oxfordshire, the only child of Lawrence Tanfield (c. 1551–1625), lawyer, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1629), daughter of Giles Symonds and Catherine, née Lee. Much of what is known of her derives from a manuscript life written about 1650 by one of her daughters, ...

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Castell, Edmund (bap. 1606, d. 1686), orientalist and lexicographer, was baptized on 4 January 1606 at East Hatley, Cambridgeshire, the second son of Robert Castell, a man of property and education, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Alleyn of Hatfield Peverel, Essex...

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Clarke, Samuel (bap. 1624, d. 1669), orientalist, was born at Brackley in Northamptonshire, where he was baptized at the church of St Peter on 30 July 1624, the son of Thomas Clarke, a glover, and his wife, Alice. He had at least one brother, ...

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Clavering, Robert (1675/6–1747), orientalist and bishop of Peterborough, was the son of Robert Clavering of Bowsden, Northumberland. In 1684–5 Thomas Burrell, the second husband of his great-uncle's widow, left £50 to bind him to a trade. On 18 July 1693 he entered Lincoln College, Oxford...

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Cotton, Charles (1630–1687), poet and translator, was born at the family seat, Beresford Hall in Staffordshire, on 28 April 1630, the only child of Charles (d. 1658) and Olive, née Stanhope (1614?–1652?). His parents' marriage had caused a scandal when his father eloped with the young heiress and the marriage continued stormy, if one may judge by ...

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Creech, Thomas (1659–1700), translator and classical scholar, was born in Blandford, Dorset, the only son of Thomas Creech (d. 1720) and his wife, Jane (d. 1693). Creech, who had one sister, Bridget, was educated at the free grammar school in nearby ...

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Deneke, Helena Clara (1878–1973), German scholar, was born on 19 May 1878 at 89 Denmark Hill, London, the oldest child and elder of the two surviving daughters of Philip Maurice Deneke (1842–1925), a wealthy London merchant banker born in Germany, and his wife, ...

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Edwards, Amelia Ann Blanford (1831–1892), author and Egyptologist, was born in Colebrook Row, Islington, London, on 7 June 1831, the only child of Thomas Edwards (1786–1860), a half-pay army officer who later worked for the Provincial Bank of Ireland in London, and Alicia Walpole (...

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Elstob, Elizabeth (1683–1756), Anglo-Saxon scholar, was born on 29 September 1683 at Newcastle upon Tyne, the youngest of eight children of Ralph Elstob (1647–1688), merchant, and his wife, Jane Hall (d. 1692). After her mother's death Elizabeth was brought up in the household of her father's younger brother ...

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Fanshawe, Sir Richard, first baronet (1608–1666), diplomat and translator, was born in June 1608 at Ware Park, Hertfordshire, and baptized on 12 June, the youngest son of Sir Henry Fanshawe (1569–1616), exchequer official, and his wife, Elizabeth Smythe (1577?–1631). The household into which he was born was on a scale appropriate to a senior royal servant who could trace gentry status back to the medieval ...

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FitzGerald [formerly Purcell], Edward (1809–1883), writer and translator, was born on 31 March 1809 at the White House (later known as Bredfield House), between Bredfield village and the town of Woodbridge in Suffolk, the seventh of eight children and the youngest of three sons of ...

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Glubb, Sir John Bagot [known as Abu Hunaik; called Glubb Pasha] (1897–1986), army officer and Arabist, was born on 16 April 1897 in Preston, Lancashire, the only son and younger child of Sir Frederic Manley Glubb, a major in the Royal Engineers...