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Bamber [née Balmuth], Helen Rae (1925–2014), human rights advocate and psychotherapist, was born at Westminster Hospital, London, on 1 May 1925, the only child of Louis Balmuth (1887–1961), accountant, and his wife Marie, née Bader (1895–1969), a singer. At the time of her birth registration her parents, both of Polish-Jewish descent, lived at ...

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Barnato, Barnett Isaacs [Barney] (1852–1897), diamond merchant and financier, born on 5 July 1852 at Aldgate, London, was the second son of the five children of Isaac Isaacs, shopkeeper, and Leah Isaacs (said to be related to the master of the rolls, Sir George Jessel...

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Behrens, Sir Jacob (1806–1889), textile merchant, was born on 20 November 1806, one of the sons of Nathan Behrens (d. 1842), a Jewish merchant, and Clara Hahn, daughter of a Hamburg silk merchant, at Pyrmont, in the small German principality of Waldeck...

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Burton, Sir Montague Maurice [formerly Meshe David Osinsky] (1885–1952), clothing manufacturer and retailer, was born on 15 August 1885 in the town of Kurkel, Kovno province, Russia (now Lithuania), the only son of Chaim Judah Osinsky (b. 1825), bookseller, and his wife, ...

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Cohen, Sir Robert Waley (1877–1952), oil industrialist, was born in London on 8 September 1877, the second son of Nathaniel Louis Cohen, a leading figure in the City, and his wife, Julia Matilda Cohen (1853–1917), daughter of Jacob Waley (1818–1873). A sister of ...

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Epstein, Brian Samuel (1934–1967), popular music entrepreneur and retailer, was born on 19 September 1934 at a private nursing home at 4 Rodney Street, Liverpool, the first of two children of Harold (Harry) Epstein (1901–1967) furniture retailer, and his wife, Malka (Queenie), née...

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Joel, Solomon Barnato (1865–1931), financier, was born on 21 December 1865, at 8 Sandys Row, Spitalfields, in the East End of London, the youngest of three sons of Joel Joel (d. 1893), cigar manufacturer and publican, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of ...

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Joseph, Sir Maxwell [formerly Max] (1910–1982), hotelier and property dealer, was born Max Joseph on 31 May 1910, at 21 Whitechapel Road, London, the second of the three sons of Jack Joseph, a journeyman tailor and property dealer, and his wife, Sarah Orler...

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Marks, Michael (1859–1907), retailer and chain store founder, was born in Slonim, Russia, in June 1859, the youngest child of Mordecai Marks, a tailor, and his wife, Rebecca. His mother died in childbirth and he was raised by his elder sister. The family lived in considerable poverty and social oppression, typical of so many Jewish communities in nineteenth-century ...

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Oppenheimer, Sir Ernest (1880–1957), diamond merchant and financier, was born in Friedberg, Germany, on 22 May 1880, the fifth son and eighth child of Eduard Oppenheimer (1841–1924), cigar merchant, and his wife, Nanny Hirschhorn (1841–1912). From the age of ten he was educated in French and classics at the ...

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Porter, Sir Leslie (1920–2005), businessman, was born Leslie Posament on 10 July 1920 at Streatham Manor, Leigham Avenue, Streatham, London, the youngest child in the family of two sons and one daughter of Henry Alfred Posament, later Porter (d. 1955), textile merchant, and his wife, ...

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Rayne, Max, Baron Rayne (1918–2003), property developer and philanthropist, was born Max Rubenstein on 8 February 1918, at 102 City Road, St Lukes, Holborn, London, the son of Phillip Rubenstein (1894–1979), who later took the surname of Rayne, a mantle manufacturer in Half Moon Passage, Aldgate...

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Reger [née Phillips], (Esther) Janet (1935–2005), lingerie designer, was born in Jubilee Street, London, on 30 September 1935, the eldest daughter of Hyman Phillips, textile manufacturer, and his wife, Ray, née Levine. Both her parents were the children of Jewish immigrants; her paternal grandfather, ...

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Rothschild, Nathan Mayer (1777–1836), merchant and financier, was born on 16 September 1777 at Frankfurt am Main, Germany. He was the son of Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812), coin dealer and money lender, and his wife Gutle (1753–1849), daughter of Wolf Schnapper, a wealthy ...

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Samuel, Marcus, first Viscount Bearsted (1853–1927), petroleum entrepreneur, was born in Whitechapel, east London, on 5 November 1853, the second son of Marcus Samuel, a merchant, and his wife, Abigail, daughter of Abraham Moss, both of London Jewish families. He was educated privately, and began his commercial career as the owner of a small business in ...

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Sassoon family (per. c. 1830–1961), merchants, came to commercial prominence with David Sassoon (1792–1864), a Jewish merchant. Born in Baghdad in October 1792, the son of Sason ben Saleh (1750–1830) and Amam Gabbai, David belonged to a Sephardic family that, though originating in ...

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Sassoon, Vidal (1928–2012), hairdresser, entrepreneur, and philanthropist, was born on 17 January 1928 at 101 Shepherd's Bush Road, Hammersmith, London, the son of Jack Sassoon, a carpet dealer, originally from Salonika, Greece, and his East End-born wife, Betty, née Belinsky (1900–1997), both Sephardic Jews. After his parents' separation in 1931 his mother found it difficult to bring up ...

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Sieff, Marcus Joseph, Baron Sieff of Brimpton (1913–2001), retailer, was born on 2 July 1913 at 8 Belfield Road, Didsbury, Manchester, the younger surviving son and second of three surviving children of Israel Moses Sieff, Baron Sieff (1889–1972), and his wife, Rebecca Dora, ...

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Slazenger, Ralph [formerly Ralph Slazenger Moss] (1845–1910), manufacturer of sporting goods, was born Ralph Slazenger Moss at Lymm, Cheshire, the oldest of the twelve children of Joseph Slazenger Moss (1810–1872), a tailor with shops in Warrington and Lancashire, and his wife, Eliza Lazarus...

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Weinstock, Arnold, Baron Weinstock (1924–2002), industrialist, was born at 50 Belgrade Road, Stoke Newington, London, on 29 July 1924, the son of Simon Weinstock (b. 1873/4), and his wife, Golda, née Schag (b. 1877/8). His Jewish parents had emigrated from Poland...