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Alexander, Cosmo (1724–1772), portrait painter and traveller, was born probably in Aberdeen, the son and pupil of the Aberdonian painter and engraver John Alexander (1686–c.1766), who had worked in Rome from 1711 to 1719, and his wife, Isobel Innes. John Alexander...

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Baker [née von Sass], Florence Barbara Maria, Lady Baker (1841–1916), traveller in Africa, was born on 6 August 1841, probably in a German-speaking region of Hungary. She was the sole survivor of an attack on her home in which the rest of her family died during the disturbances of 1848. Nothing more is known of her antecedents or early life. She is next recorded in January 1859 in the Turkish town of ...

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Baker, Sir Samuel White (1821–1893), traveller and explorer in Africa, was born on 8 June 1821 in London, the second of the eight children of Samuel Baker (d. 1862) of Lypiatt Park, Gloucestershire, and his first wife, Mary, daughter of Thomas Dobson...

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Bankes, William John (1786–1855), traveller and antiquary, was born on 11 December 1786, second son of Henry Bankes (1757–1834) of Kingston Lacy, Dorset, politician and author, and his wife, Frances (1760/61–1823), daughter of William Woodley, governor of the Leeward Islands, and the elder brother of ...

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Beke, Charles Tilstone (1800–1874), traveller and geographer, was born on 10 October 1800 at Stepney, London, the son of James Beke. The family had ancestral connections to Bekesbourne in Kent, where Beke lived in later life. He was educated at a private school in ...

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Bishop [née Bird], Isabella Lucy (1831–1904), traveller, was born on 15 October 1831 at Boroughbridge Hall, Yorkshire, the home of her maternal grandmother. She was the elder daughter of the Revd Edward Bird (1792/3–1858) and his second wife, Dora, the daughter of the ...

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Blount, Sir Henry (1602–1682), traveller, was born at Tittenhanger, Hertfordshire, on 15 December 1602 and baptized at Ridge, Hertfordshire, on 22 December, son of Thomas (later Sir Thomas) Blount (1556–1639) and Frances Pigot (c.1564–1619). He went to the free school at ...

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Blunt [née King], Anne Isabella Noel, suo jure Baroness Wentworth (1837–1917), traveller and breeder of Arab horses, was born on 22 September 1837 in London, the second of the three children, and the only daughter, of William King, first earl of Lovelace...

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Borrow, George Henry (1803–1881), writer and traveller, was born on 5 July 1803 at East Dereham in Norfolk, the son of Captain Thomas Borrow (1758–1824), adjutant of the West Norfolk militia, and his wife, Ann (1772–1858), daughter of Samuel Parfrement, a farmer. His elder brother was ...

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Brassey [née Allnutt], Anna [Annie], Lady Brassey (1839–1887), traveller, was born in London on 7 October 1839, daughter of John Allnutt and his first wife, Elizabeth Harriet, only child of John Fassett Burnett of May Place, Crayford, Kent. Her mother died when she was in infancy and she lived with her grandfather at ...

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Bruce, James, of Kinnaird (1730–1794), traveller in Africa, was born at Kinnaird House, Kinnaird, Stirlingshire, on 14 December 1730, son of David Bruce (d. 1758), laird of Kinnaird, and Marion (d. 1733), daughter of Judge James Graham, dean of faculty at ...

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G. F. R. Barker

revised by Felix Driver

Buckingham, James Silk (1786–1855), author and traveller, was the youngest child of Christopher and Thomazine Buckingham, born at Flushing, near Falmouth, on 25 August 1786. He was drawn to a seafaring life from an early age, having only a limited education at various local schools. While on his third voyage, in 1797, he was taken prisoner by the French and was confined for several months at ...

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Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Burckhardt, Johann Ludwig (1784–1817), traveller, was born at Lausanne on 25 November 1784 of a family which had long been settled at Basel. His parents were Johann Rudolf Burckhardt (1750–1813), ribbon manufacturer, and his second wife, Sara, née Rohner. The French invasion of ...

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Burnaby, Frederick Gustavus (1842–1885), army officer and traveller, was born at the old rectory, St Peter's Green, Bedford, on 3 March 1842, the elder son of the Revd Gustavus Andrew Burnaby (1802–1872) of Somerby Hall, near Oakham, Rutland, rector of St Peter's, Bedford...

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Burton [née Arundell], Isabel, Lady Burton (1831–1896), author and traveller, was born at 14 Great Cumberland Place, London, on 20 March 1831. Descended from an old Roman Catholic family, her father was Henry Raymond Arundell, a lineal descendant of the sixth Baron Arundell of Wardour...

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Calderwood [née Steuart], Margaret (1715–1774), diarist and traveller, was the eldest daughter of Sir James Steuart of Goodtrees and Coltness, baronet (1681–1727), solicitor-general for Scotland, whose father was Sir James Stewart of Goodtrees (1635–1713), and his wife, Anne (d. 1736), daughter of ...

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Callcott [née Dundas; other married name Graham], Maria, Lady Callcott (1785–1842), traveller and author, was born on 19 July 1785 at Papcastle, near Cockermouth in Cumberland, the eldest of the four children of George Dundas, a naval officer, and his wife, Miss Thomson or Thompson...

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Clapperton, Hugh (1788–1827), naval officer and traveller in Africa, was born at Annan, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, the youngest son of George Clapperton, a surgeon, and his first wife, the daughter of John Johnstone. His mother died when he was a child, and his father remarried. Feckless (he fathered altogether twenty-one children), negligent of his medical practice, and, as a result, impoverished, his father left him to the charge of a spiteful stepmother who cared only for her own children. His schooling was neglected, and he learned little more than to read and write. Eventually the town schoolmaster gave him lessons in practical mathematics and navigation, and he taught himself to draw....

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Curzon, George Nathaniel, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston (1859–1925), politician, traveller, and viceroy of India, was born on 11 January 1859 at Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire, the second of the eleven children of the Revd Alfred Nathaniel Holden Curzon, fourth Baron Scarsdale (1831–1916), rector of ...

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Curzon, Robert, fourteenth Baron Zouche of Harringworth (1810–1873), traveller and collector of manuscripts, elder son of Harriet Anne Bishopp, suo jure Baroness Zouche of Harringworth (1787–1870), and the Hon. Robert Curzon (1774–1863), son of Assheton, first Viscount Curzon, was born at 58 Welbeck Street, London...