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Baines, Edward (1774–1848), newspaper proprietor, politician, and historian, was born at Walton-le-Dale, near Preston, Lancashire, on 5 February 1774, the second son of Richard Baines (d. 1811) and his wife, Jane (née Chew). Richard Baines, who was born near Ripon and came from a farming family, had moved to ...

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Canton, John (bap. 1718, d. 1772), experimental philosopher and schoolmaster, was born at Stroud, Gloucestershire, and baptized in the old chapel there on 31 July 1718, the son of John Canton, a broadcloth weaver. He was expected to follow his father's trade, and left school early to start an apprenticeship. He persisted with his studies in the evenings, however, and his father was eventually persuaded to allow him to go to ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by John D. Pickles

Cooper, Charles Henry (1808–1866), biographer and antiquary, was born at Great Marlow, Buckinghamshire, on 20 March 1808, the eldest of the ten children of Basil Henry Cooper (1783–1823), solicitor, and Harriet (1787–1860), daughter of Charles Shoppee of Uxbridge. He was educated at home until he reached his seventh year, when he was sent to a school kept by a ...

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Firth, Sir Charles Harding (1857–1936), historian, was born at Broom Spring House, Wilkinson Street, Ecclesall, Bierlow, Yorkshire, on 16 March 1857, the eldest son of John Firth and his second wife, Charlotte Harding. His father, a trained architect, was a director of the steel manufacturing and armaments firm of ...

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Frankland, Richard (1630–1698), nonconformist tutor, was born on 1 November 1630, at Rathmell, Giggleswick, Yorkshire, the son of John Frankland (d. before 1650). Between 1642 and 1648 he was educated at Giggleswick grammar school, before being admitted on 18 May 1648 at ...

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Lethaby, William Richard (1857–1931), educationist and architect, was born at Grosvenor Street, Barnstaple, on 18 January 1857, the only son and youngest of two children of Richard Pyle Lethaby (d. c.1904), of Barnstaple, and his wife, Mary Rowe Crago (d...

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Mead, Richard (1673–1754), physician and collector of books and art, was born at Worcester House, Stepney, Middlesex, on 11 August 1673, the eleventh child of thirteen of Matthew Meade (1628/9–1699), a nonconforming minister, and his wife, Elizabeth Walton (d. 1707). Matthew Meade...

Article

Leslie Stephen

revised by I. Grattan-Guinness

Morgan, Augustus De (1806–1871), mathematician and historian, fifth child of Colonel John De Morgan (1772–1816) of the Indian army, was born on 27 June 1806 at Madura in the far south of India. His mother, Elizabeth (1776–1856), was the daughter of John Dodson...

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Robinson, Sir (Edward) Stanley Gotch (1887–1976), numismatist, was born on 4 July 1887 at 23 Westfield Park, Clifton, Bristol, the sixth of the seven children of Edward Robinson, paper merchant, and his wife, Katherine Frances, the daughter of the Revd Dr Gotch. He was born into a large and well-established Baptist, ...

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Roscoe, Sir Henry Enfield (1833–1915), chemist and university administrator, was born on 7 January 1833 in London at 10 Powis Place, off Great Ormond Street, the first of two children of Henry Roscoe (1800–1836), legal writer and biographer, and Maria Fletcher (1798–1885), daughter of ...

Article

Thoresby, Ralph (1658–1725), antiquary and topographer, was born on 16 August 1658 at Kirkgate, Leeds, the son of John Thoresby (1626–1679), a wool merchant of that city who had served in the parliamentarian army under Fairfax, and his wife, Ruth (d. 1669)...

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Warren, Sir (Thomas) Herbert (1853–1930), college head and classical scholar, was born at Cotham, a suburb of Bristol, on 21 October 1853, the second of three surviving sons and four daughters of Algernon William Warren, a wholesale druggist in Bristol, who held a leading position in the city as town councillor, alderman, and JP. His mother, ...

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Welsh, Elizabeth (1843–1921), college head, was born on 3 March 1843 in co. Down, Ireland, eldest of the four daughters of John Welsh (a descendant of John Knox) of Portaferry, co. Down, and of Eliza (or Elizabeth) Dalzell of Ards, co. Down...