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Bowring, Sir John (1792–1872), politician, diplomatist, and writer, was born on 17 October 1792 at Larkbeare (also known as Great Larkbeare), Holloway Street, Exeter, Devon, the eldest son and second of the nine children of Charles Bowring (1769–1856), a wool merchant, and his wife, ...

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Chamberlain, (Arthur) Neville (1869–1940), prime minister, was born on 18 March 1869 at Edgbaston, Birmingham, the only son of Joseph Chamberlain (1836–1914) and his second wife, Florence (1847–1875), the daughter of Timothy Kenrick of Birmingham. His childhood was by all accounts very happy, although the household in which he grew to maturity was affected by profound sadness. His father's first wife, ...

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Chamberlain, Joseph [Joe] (1836–1914), industrialist and politician, was born on 8 July 1836 at 3 Grove Hill Terrace, Camberwell, Surrey, the first of the nine children of Joseph Chamberlain (1796–1874), cordwainer and metal manufacturer, and his wife, Caroline (1808–1875), daughter of Henry Harben...

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Chamberlain, Sir (Joseph) Austen (1863–1937), politician, was born on 16 October 1863 in Harborne Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, the second child and only son of Joseph Chamberlain (1836–1914), politician, and his first wife, Harriet (1838–1863), daughter of Archibald Kenrick of Berrow Court, Edgbaston. Beatrice Chamberlain (1862–1918)...

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Crawford, William Sharman (1781–1861), politician and landlord in Ireland, was the eldest son of William Sharman (d. 1803), of Moira Castle, co. Down, a protestant landowner, MP for Lisburn (1783–90), and colonel of a union regiment of volunteers. His mother was Arminella...

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Ede, James Chuter Chuter-, Baron Chuter-Ede (1882–1965), politician and educationist, was born on 11 September 1882 at Epsom, Surrey, the son of James Ede, a grocer, and his wife, Agnes Mary Chuter. He had one sister. In common with many lower-middle-class shopkeepers in the late Victorian period, ...

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Fox, William Johnson (1786–1864), preacher and politician, was born on 1 March 1786 at Uggeshall Farm, Wrentham, Suffolk, the eldest child of six sons and three daughters of Paul Fox (1753?–1812) and his wife, Mary. Paul Fox farmed a small property for his widowed mother, though he had prudently absented himself for a two-year stay in ...

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Glynn, John (bap. 1722, d. 1779), lawyer and politician, the second son of William Glynn (b. c.1692) of Cardinham, and his wife, Rose, the daughter of John Prideaux of Padstow, both in Cornwall, was baptized at Cardinham on 3 August 1722. He entered ...

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Hobhouse, John Cam, Baron Broughton (1786–1869), politician, was born at Redland, Bristol, on 27 June 1786, the eldest child of Sir Benjamin Hobhouse, first baronet (1757–1831), politician and financier, and his first wife, Charlotte (d. 1791), daughter and heir of Samuel Cam...

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Marquis, Frederick James, first earl of Woolton (1883–1964), politician and businessman, was born on 23 August 1883 at 163 West Park Street, Salford, the only child of Thomas Robert Marquis (d. 1944), a saddler, and his wife, Margaret (née Ormerod). They were determined that their son would rise beyond the lower middle classes into which he was born and focused their support and hopes on him. After ...

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Milnes, Richard Monckton, first Baron Houghton (1809–1885), author and politician, was born on 19 June 1809, in Bolton Street, Mayfair, Westminster, the only son of Robert Pemberton Milnes. His grandfather Richard Slater Milnes (1759–1804), MP for York 1784–1802, was the elder son of a cloth merchant of ...

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Potter, Thomas Bayley (1817–1898), politician, was born on 29 November 1817 at Manchester, the younger son of Sir Thomas Potter (1774–1845), merchant and first mayor of Manchester, and his second wife, Esther, the daughter of Thomas Bayley of Booth Hall, Blackley...

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Simon, Jocelyn Edward Salis [Jack], Baron Simon of Glaisdale (1911–2006), politician and judge, was born on 15 January 1911 at 51 Belsize Park, Hampstead, London, one of five sons of Frank Cecil Simon, stockbroker, and his wife, Claire Evelyn, née Mamelsdorf. His parents were Unitarians but he later became a practising Anglican. Educated at ...

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Smith, Sir Cyril (1928–2010), politician and manufacturer, was born at Birch Hill House, Wardle, Rochdale, Lancashire, on 28 June 1928, the second of three children of Eva Smith (1904–1994), who was unmarried. At the time of his birth registration she lived at 6 Falinge Road, Rochdale...

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Smith, William (1756–1835), politician and dissenter, was born on 22 September 1756 at Clapham, the only son of Samuel Smith (1727–1798) and his wife, Martha Adams (d. 1759). His father was a large wholesale grocer in Cannon Street, and his mother came from an old and wealthy ...

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Stansfeld, Sir James (1820–1898), politician and social reformer, was born at Moorlands, Halifax, on 5 March 1820, the only son of James Stansfeld (1792–1872) and his wife, Emma (bap. 1793, d. 1851), daughter of the Revd John Ralph, minister of Northgate End Unitarian Chapel, Halifax...