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Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents (whose names are unknown) died. He had already prepared himself for the position by attending ...

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Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician, born on 16 March 1664 at Jerviswood Tower, Lanarkshire, was the eldest child of Robert Baillie (d. 1684) and of his wife and cousin Rachel Johnston (d. 1697), daughter of the Presbyterian martyr Sir Archibald Johnston, ...

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Bell, Patrick (1799–1869), Church of Scotland minister and inventor of agricultural machinery, was born in April 1799 at mid-Leoch, in the parish of Auchterhouse, a few miles north-west of Dundee. He was one of at least two sons of George Bell, a tenant farmer at ...

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Bruce, Alexander, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680), landowner and politician, was the second son of Sir George Bruce (d. 1643) and his wife, Mary, daughter of Sir John Preston of Valleyfield. In 1645 Bruce matriculated at St Leonard's College, St Andrews...

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Clerk, Sir John, of Penicuik, first baronet (1649/50–1722), landowner and coal owner, was born probably at Penicuik in Edinburghshire, the son of John Clerk (1611–1674), merchant and art collector, and Mary (bap. 1630, d. in or before 1668), the daughter of Sir William Gray...

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Ferguson, Henry George [Harry] (1884–1960), designer of agricultural machinery, was born on 4 November 1884 at Growell, near Hillsborough in northern Ireland, the third son and fourth of eleven children, three girls and eight boys, of James Ferguson, a hill farmer, and his wife, ...

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Grant, Sir James, of Grant, eighth baronet (1738–1811), agricultural improver and politician, was born on 19 May 1738, the only son of Sir Ludovick Grant of Grant, seventh baronet (1707–1773), landowner, and his second wife, Lady Margaret Ogilvie, eldest daughter of James, fifth earl of Findlater and second earl of Seafield...

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Hamilton, Thomas, sixth earl of Haddington (1680–1735), politician and forester, was born on 29 August 1680 at Tyninghame, Haddingtonshire, the second son of Charles, fifth earl of Haddington (1650–1685), landowner, and his wife, Lady Margaret Leslie (d. 1700), eldest daughter of John, ...

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Mackenzie, John (1803–1886), physician and landowner, was born in Scotland on 23 November 1803, the fourth of the five sons of Sir Hector Mackenzie of Gairloch, fourth baronet (1758–1826), and his second wife, Christian, née Henderson. He was educated at Edinburgh University, graduating as a physician (DM) in 1824, and as a surgeon in 1825; he became a lifelong friend of ...

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Meikle, Andrew (1719–1811), millwright and inventor of the threshing machine, was born on 5 May 1719, probably at Saltoun, Haddingtonshire. He was one of at least two brothers. His father, James Meikle, wright in Nether Keith, Haddingtonshire, working on behalf of Henry Fletcher...

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M'Intosh, Charles (1794–1864), horticulturist, was born at Abercairney in the parish of Fowlis Wester, near Crieff, Perthshire, on 8 August 1794, the son of John M'Intosh and his wife, Muntague, née Ladden. He was descended from a line of gardeners: his grandfather, great-grandfather, and great-great-grandfather had been gardeners to the ...

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Renton [née Robertson], Dorothy Graham (1898–1966), gardener, was born at 15 Marshall Place, Perth, on 7 April 1898, the daughter of William Robertson, medical practitioner and medical officer of health, and his wife, Robina, née Conacher. She married in Edinburgh, on 11 September 1922, ...

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Rowan, Archibald Hamilton (1751–1834), Irish nationalist and landowner, was born Archibald Hamilton on 1 May 1751 at Rathbone Place, London, the elder of two children of Gawen Hamilton (1729–1805), political reformer and landowner, of Killyleagh Castle, co. Down, and his wife, Jane (...

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Scott, Henry, third duke of Buccleuch and fifth duke of Queensberry (1746–1812), landowner and army officer, was born in London on 13 September 1746, the second but eldest surviving son of Francis Scott, styled earl of Dalkeith (1721–1750), and his wife, Caroline, Baroness Greenwich...

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Sinclair, Sir John, first baronet (1754–1835), agricultural improver, politician, and codifier of ‘useful knowledge’, was born at Thurso Castle, Caithness, on 10 May 1754, the third but only surviving son of George Sinclair (d. 1770) of Ulbster and his wife, Lady Janet Sutherland (1720–1795)...

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Stuart, John Crichton-, second marquess of Bute (1793–1848), landowner and industrialist, was born on 10 August 1793 at Dumfries House, Ayrshire, the eldest son (there were no daughters) of John Stuart, Viscount Mountstuart (1767–1794), of Mountstuart House, Isle of Bute, and his wife, ...