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Adam, William Patrick (1823–1881), politician and administrator in India, was the elder son of Admiral Sir Charles Adam (1780–1853) of Blairadam, Kinross. His mother was Elizabeth (d. 1871), daughter of Patrick Brydone, FRS. Born at Ancrum, Roxburghshire, on 14 September 1823, Adam...

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Anderson, John, first Viscount Waverley (1882–1958), civil service administrator and politician, was born at 1 Livingstone Place, Edinburgh, on 8 July 1882, the only surviving son of David Alexander Pearson Anderson (1855–1948), a fancy stationer who later became a director of a well-known firm of printers and publishers, ...

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Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician, born on 16 March 1664 at Jerviswood Tower, Lanarkshire, was the eldest child of Robert Baillie (d. 1684) and of his wife and cousin Rachel Johnston (d. 1697), daughter of the Presbyterian martyr Sir Archibald Johnston, ...

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Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930), prime minister and philosopher, was born on 25 July 1848 at Whittingehame House, East Lothian, the third of eight children and eldest son of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner (and MP, 1841–7), and his wife, ...

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Boswell, Sir Alexander, first baronet (1775–1822), poet and politician, was born on 9 October 1775 at James's Court, Edinburgh, the first son of James Boswell (1740–1795), the biographer of Samuel Johnson, and his wife, Margaret (1738?–1789) [see Boswell, Margaret Montgomerie], daughter of ...

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Bruce, Alexander, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680), landowner and politician, was the second son of Sir George Bruce (d. 1643) and his wife, Mary, daughter of Sir John Preston of Valleyfield. In 1645 Bruce matriculated at St Leonard's College, St Andrews...

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Bruce, Victor Alexander, ninth earl of Elgin and thirteenth earl of Kincardine (1849–1917), politician and viceroy of India, was the eldest son of James Bruce, eighth earl of Elgin (1811–1863), and his second wife, Lady Mary Louisa Lambton (1819–1898), daughter of the first earl of Durham...

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Bryce, James, Viscount Bryce (1838–1922), jurist, historian, and politician, was born in Arthur Street, Belfast, on 10 May 1838, the eldest son of James Bryce (1806–1877), schoolteacher and geologist.

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Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician, was the elder surviving son of Colin Campbell, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), and his second wife, Lady Annas or Agnes Keith (c. 1540–1588), eldest daughter of William Keith, fourth Earl Marischal...

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Campbell, Archibald, ninth earl of Argyll (1629–1685), politician and clan leader, was born on 26 February 1629 at Newbattle Abbey, Edinburghshire, the son of Archibald Campbell, Lord Lorne and later eighth earl and marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), and his wife, Lady Margaret (1610–1678)...

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Campbell, Archibald, third duke of Argyll (1682–1761), politician, was born at Ham House, Petersham, Surrey, in June 1682, the second son of Archibald Campbell, tenth earl and first duke of Argyll (d. 1703), and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1735), eldest daughter of ...

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Campbell [formerly Douglas], Archibald Campbell, first Baron Blythswood (1835–1908), politician and physicist, was born in Florence on 22 February 1835, the eldest of the nine children of Archibald Douglas (1809–1868), laird of Mains, and his wife, Caroline Agnes, the daughter of Mungo Dick...

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Campbell, George Douglas, eighth duke of Argyll in the peerage of Scotland, and first duke of Argyll in the peerage of the United Kingdom (1823–1900), politician and scientist, was the second son of John Douglas Edward Henry Campbell (1777–1847) and his second wife, ...

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Campbell, John, second duke of Argyll and duke of Greenwich (1680–1743), army officer and politician, was born on 10 October 1680, according to the inscription on his memorial at Westminster Abbey. His place of birth was Ham House, Petersham, Surrey, the residence of his maternal grandmother. He was the eldest son of ...

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Cochrane, Sir Alexander Inglis (1758–1832), naval officer and politician, was born Alexander Forrester Cochrane on 22 April 1758, the ninth of eleven children (all sons) of Thomas Cochrane, eighth earl of Dundonald (bap. 1691, d. 1778), and his second wife, Jean (1722/3–1808)...

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Cockburn, Adam, of Ormiston, Lord Ormiston (c. 1656–1735), politician, was a younger son of John Cockburn of Ormiston (d. 1657), and his wife, Janet Hepburn, daughter of Sir Adam Hepburn of Humbie. He succeeded his elder brother, John, in the lands and barony of ...

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Dalrymple, Sir Hew, first baronet, Lord North Berwick (1652–1737), judge and politician, was the third son of James Dalrymple, first Viscount Stair (1619–1695), and Margaret (d. 1692), daughter of James Ross of Balneil and widow of Fergus Kennedy of Knockdaw. Like his father and elder brothers ...

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Dalrymple, James, first Viscount Stair (1619–1695), lawyer and politician, was born in May 1619 at Drummurchie in Ayrshire, the only child of James Dalrymple of Drummurchie (d. 1625) and of Janet (d. 1664), daughter of Fergus Kennedy of Knockdaw. His father was the second son of ...

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Dalrymple, John, first earl of Stair (1648–1707), politician and lord advocate, was the eldest son of James Dalrymple, first Viscount Stair (1619–1695), and Margaret Ross (d. 1692), widow of Fergus Kennedy of Knockdaw, and daughter of James Ross of Balneil. Among his brothers were ...

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Davidson, John Colin Campbell, first Viscount Davidson (1889–1970), politician, was born in Aberdeen on 23 February 1889. He was the second child and only son of Sir James Mackenzie Davidson (1856–1919), ophthalmic surgeon and pioneer of radiology, and his wife, Georgina Barbara Watt (...