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W. P. Courtney

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Adair, Sir Robert (1763–1855), politician and diplomatist, was the son of Robert Adair, sergeant-surgeon to George III, and Lady Caroline Keppel. He was born on 24 May 1763, and was sent to Westminster School in 1773, and thence to the University of Göttingen...

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Arbuthnot, Charles (1767–1850), diplomatist and politician, was born on 14 March 1767, the third son of John Arbuthnot (1729–1797), merchant, of Ravensbury near Mitcham, Surrey, and his third wife, Anne (d. 1782), daughter of Richard Stone, a London banker. The father's enterprise failed early in his son's life but in 1782 he was appointed inspector-general of the ...

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Bentinck, Hans Willem [William], first earl of Portland (1649–1709), diplomat and politician, was born on 20 July 1649 ns at Diepenheim in the eastern Netherlands, the fifth of nine children of Berent Bentinck (1597–1668), lord of Diepenheim and drost (sheriff) of Deventer, and his wife, ...

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Bowring, Sir John (1792–1872), politician, diplomatist, and writer, was born on 17 October 1792 at Larkbeare (also known as Great Larkbeare), Holloway Street, Exeter, Devon, the eldest son and second of the nine children of Charles Bowring (1769–1856), a wool merchant, and his wife, ...

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Brown, Sir Robert, first baronet (d. 1760), politician and diplomatist, was the first son of William Brown, a London merchant, and his wife, Grisel Brice. As a young man he is said to have gone out to Venice with no other capital than a large second-hand wig, which he sold for ...

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Cooper, (Alfred) Duff, first Viscount Norwich (1890–1954), diplomatist and politician, was born at 9 Henrietta Street, Cavendish Square, London, on 22 February 1890. His father, Sir Alfred Cooper (1838–1908), was a fashionable London surgeon who specialized in the sexual problems of the upper classes and was celebrated for his skill, discretion, and conviviality. ...

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Cottington, Francis, first Baron Cottington (1579?–1652), diplomat and politician, was baptized at Pitcombe, Somerset, the third son of Philip Cottington (d. in or after 1611) of Godminster, near Pitcombe, and his wife, Jane, daughter of Thomas Biflete, also of Somerset. The ...

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Digby, John, first earl of Bristol (1580–1653), diplomat and politician, was born in February 1580, the fourth and youngest son of Sir George Digby (d. 1586), of Coleshill, Warwickshire, and of Abigail Heveningham of Ketteringham, Norfolk. He became a fellow-commoner of Magdalen College, Oxford...

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Eliot, Edward Granville, third earl of St Germans (1798–1877), diplomatist and politician, was the only son of William, second earl of St Germans (d. 1845), and his first wife, Lady Georgiana Augusta Leveson-Gower, the fourth daughter of the first marquess of Stafford...

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Hasluck, Sir Paul Meernaa Caedwalla (1905–1993), diplomatist and politician, was born on 1 April 1905 at Perth, Western Australia, the second child of English-born parents, E'thel M. C. Hasluck and his wife, Patience Eliza Wooler. Both parents were Salvation Army officers and moved at regular intervals around the state to wherever the army required them to work. ...

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Hoby, Sir Edward (1560–1617), politician and diplomat, was born at Bisham, Berkshire, on 20 March 1560, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Hoby (1530–1566) and his wife, Elizabeth (1528–1609), third daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke of Gidea Hall, Essex, and later wife of ...

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Howard, Frederick, fifth earl of Carlisle (1748–1825), politician and diplomat, was born on 28 May 1748, the youngest and only surviving son of Henry Howard, fourth earl of Carlisle (1694–1758), politician and landowner [see under Howard, Charles, third earl of Carlisle], and his second wife, ...

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Kerr, Schomberg Henry, ninth marquess of Lothian (1833–1900), diplomatist and politician, second son of John William Robert Kerr, seventh marquess of Lothian, and his wife, Lady Cecil Chetwynd Talbot, only daughter of Charles Chetwynd Talbot, second Earl Talbot, was born at Newbattle Abbey...

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Kynynmound, Gilbert Elliot Murray [formerly Gilbert Elliot], second earl of Minto (1782–1859), diplomatist and politician, was the eldest son of Gilbert Elliot, later Gilbert Elliot Murray Kynynmound, first earl of Minto (1751–1814), and his wife, Anna Maria (1752–1829), daughter of Sir George Amyand, ...

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MacDonald, Malcolm John (1901–1981), politician and diplomatist, was born on 17 August 1901 at Lossiemouth, Scotland, the second of the three sons (among six children) of (James) Ramsay MacDonald (1866–1937), journalist, politician, and later prime minister, and his wife, Margaret Ethel Gladstone MacDonald (1870–1911)...

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Montagu, Ralph, first duke of Montagu (bap. 1638, d. 1709), politician and diplomat, was born at his grandmother's (Lady Winwood's) house in London and baptized on 24 December 1638 at St Bartholomew-the-Less, London, the second son of Edward Montagu, second Baron Montagu of Boughton...

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Nassau van Zuylestein, William Henry van, fourth earl of Rochford (1717–1781), diplomatist and politician, was born on 17 September 1717 at St Osyth Priory, Essex, the elder son of Frederick van Nassau van Zuylestein, third earl of Rochford (1682/3–1738) [see under Nassau van Zuylestein, William van...

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Nicolson, Sir Harold George (1886–1968), diplomatist and politician, was born at the British legation, Tehran, on 21 November 1886, the third son of Arthur Nicolson, first Baron Carnock (1849–1928), and his wife, (Mary) Katharine Rowan (d. 1951), the youngest daughter of Captain Archibald Rowan Hamilton...

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Phipps, Constantine Henry, first marquess of Normanby (1797–1863), politician and diplomatist, was born on 15 May 1797, at Mulgrave Castle, Whitby, Yorkshire, first son of Henry Phipps, first earl of Mulgrave (1755–1831), and his wife, Martha Sophia Maling (d. 1849). Styled Viscount Normanby...

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Phipps, Henry, first earl of Mulgrave (1755–1831), diplomatist and politician, was born on 14 February 1755, the third son of Constantine Phipps, first Baron Mulgrave of New Ross (bap. 1722, d. 1775), a landowner, and his wife, Lepell (1723–1780), the eldest daughter of ...