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Article

C. W. Boyd

revised by Ian Phimister

Beit, Alfred (1853–1906), mining magnate and philanthropist, born at Hamburg on 15 February 1853, was the eldest son of Siegfried and Laura Beit. His father was a merchant belonging to a well-known Hamburg family descended from Portuguese Jews, and Lutheran by religion. Beit...

Article

Blackett, Sir William, first baronet (1621–1680), merchant and mine owner, was born on 1 May 1621 and baptized at Gateshead although his family was based at Hamsterley, 6 miles west of Bishop Auckland in the county palatine of Durham. He was the third son of ...

Article

Clerk, Sir John, of Penicuik, first baronet (1649/50–1722), landowner and coal owner, was born probably at Penicuik in Edinburghshire, the son of John Clerk (1611–1674), merchant and art collector, and Mary (bap. 1630, d. in or before 1668), the daughter of Sir William Gray...

Article

Egerton, Francis, third duke of Bridgewater (1736–1803), canal promoter and colliery owner, was born on 21 May 1736 and baptized the following month at St James's, Piccadilly, London. He was the youngest of eleven children of Scroop Egerton, first duke of Bridgewater (1681–1745)...

Article

Gibbs, William (1790–1875), businessman and religious philanthropist, was born on 22 May 1790 at 6 Calle de Cantarranas, Madrid, Spain, the second son of Antony Gibbs (1756–1815), merchant, and his wife, Dorothea Barnetta, née Hucks (1760–1820). The judge and politician Sir Vicary Gibbs...

Article

Joel, Solomon Barnato (1865–1931), financier, was born on 21 December 1865, at 8 Sandys Row, Spitalfields, in the East End of London, the youngest of three sons of Joel Joel (d. 1893), cigar manufacturer and publican, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of ...

Article

Lewis, William Thomas, first Baron Merthyr (1837–1914), mineral agent and colliery owner, was born at Merthyr Tudful on 5 August 1837, the second son of Mary Anne and Thomas William Lewis, engineer at the Plymouth ironworks, Merthyr. He was educated at a well-known local school run by ...

Article

Lowther, Sir James, fourth baronet (bap. 1673, d. 1755), politician and coal owner, was baptized on 5 August 1673 at St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, the second son and the youngest of the three children of Sir John Lowther, second baronet (bap. 1642, d. 1706)...

Article

Morewood [née Goodwin], Ellen (bap. 1741, d. 1824), colliery owner and ironstone extractor, was baptized on 1 January 1741 at St Oswald's parish church, Ashbourne, Derbyshire, the elder of two daughters of Richard Goodwin, a gentleman attorney of Mapleton, near Ashbourne. On 20 February 1768 she married ...

Article

Palmer, Sir Charles Mark, first baronet (1822–1907), coal-owner, ironmaster and shipbuilder, was born on 3 November 1822 at King Street, South Shields, the fourth child of seven sons and one daughter of George Palmer (1789–1866), a Tyneside merchant and shipowner, and his wife, ...

Article

Rhodes, Cecil John (1853–1902), imperialist, colonial politician, and mining entrepreneur, was born at Bishop's Stortford in Hertfordshire on 5 July 1853. He was the fifth son of Francis William Rhodes (1807–1878), vicar of that parish from 1849 to 1876, and his second wife, ...

Article

Wernher, Sir Julius Charles, first baronet (1850–1912), mining magnate and philanthropist, was born at Darmstadt in the grand duchy of Hesse and by Rhine on 9 April 1850, of an old and reputable protestant family. His grandfather, Wilhelm Wernher, had been privy councillor and president of the ...