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Bagford, John (1650/51–1716), bookseller and antiquary, was born in Fetter Lane, London, the son of John Bagford. Very little is known about his early life and family background. He was trained and worked as a shoemaker and wrote a little tract about this trade (...

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Bigland, Ralph (1712–1784), herald and cheesemonger, was born on 29 January 1712 at Stepney, Middlesex, the only son of Richard Bigland (1658–1725) of Wapping, tallow chandler, and his second wife, Mary (1676–1736), daughter of George Errington of Benwell, Northumberland. His father was a native of ...

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Britton, Thomas (1644–1714), concert promoter, book collector, and coal merchant, was born on 14 January 1644 at Rushden near Higham Ferrers, Northamptonshire. He migrated to London where he apprenticed himself to a ‘small-coal’ (slack-coal, or charcoal) merchant near St John the Baptist's Street...

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Evans, Sir John (1823–1908), archaeologist, numismatist, and paper manufacturer, was born on 17 November 1823 at Britwell Court, Burnham, Buckinghamshire, the second son of the Revd Arthur Benoni Evans (1781–1854), schoolmaster, cleric, and author, and his wife, Anne (1791–1883), daughter of Captain Thomas Dickinson RN (1754–1828)...

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Hale, Warren Stormes (1791–1872), tallow chandler and benefactor, was born on 2 February 1791 at Benington, Hertfordshire, the youngest of eight children of Edward Hale (1754–1791), farmer, and his wife, Edith, née Warren (1750–1808). Before he was a year old his father died, and in 1805 ...

Article

G. S. Woods

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Hogg, Quintin (1845–1903), merchant and philanthropist, of Scottish descent, fourteenth child and seventh son of Sir James Weir Hogg, first baronet (1790–1876), East India Company chairman and MP, and his wife, Mary Claudine (d. 26 June 1874), daughter of Samuel Swinton of the ...

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Horner, Leonard (1785–1864), factory inspector, geologist, and educationist, was born on 17 January 1785 at St George's Square, Edinburgh, the third and youngest son of John Horner (d. 1829), a wealthy whig linen merchant, and his wife, Joanna, née Baillie. In his youth his circle of acquaintances included ...

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Laurie, (Robert) Douglas (1874–1953), founder and first president of the Association of University Teachers, was born at 10 Laurel Road, Tranmere, Cheshire, on 27 October 1874, the only son of Robert Laurie, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Eleanor (née Ord). He was educated at ...

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Miller, Thomas (1731–1804), bookseller and antiquary, was born at Norwich on 14 August 1731, and was baptized on 5 September in St Peter Mancroft Church, the elder son of Thomas Miller (d. 1764) and his first wife, Elizabeth Bacon (d. 1756)...

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Orme, Robert (1728–1801), historian of India and East India Company servant, was born on 25 December 1728 at Anjengo in Travancore, India. One of four children, he was the second son of Alexander Orme (d. 1736), chief of the settlement at Anjengo...

Article

William Gee

revised by Frank A. J. L. James

Sturgeon, William (1783–1850), electrician and scientific lecturer, was born on 22 May 1783 at Whittington, Lancashire, near Kirkby Lonsdale, the only son of John Sturgeon, shoemaker, and his wife, Betsy Adcock (d. 1793), the daughter of a small shopkeeper. All accounts of his father, who had migrated from ...

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Wright, Christian Edington Guthrie (1844–1907), founder of the Edinburgh School of Cookery, was born on 19 April 1844 in Glasgow, the only child of Harry Guthrie Wright, manager of the Glasgow and South-Western Railway Company. Her mother died following her birth, and father and daughter eventually settled in ...

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Yale, Elihu (1649–1721), merchant and administrator in India and benefactor, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on 5 April 1649, the second son of David Yale (1614–1690) of Denbighshire, merchant, and Ursula Yale (b. c.1624). In 1652 Elihu's family returned to Britain...