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Bentinck, Lord William Henry Cavendish- [known as Lord William Bentinck] (1774–1839), army officer, diplomatist, and governor-general of India, was born on 14 September 1774 at Burlington House in London, the second son of William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-Bentinck, third duke of Portland (1738–1809)...

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Bourchier, John, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533), soldier, diplomat, and translator, was the son of Sir Humphrey Bourchier (d. 1471) and Elizabeth (d. 1497), daughter and sole heir of Frederick Tilney of Boston, Lincolnshire. His father, a Yorkist, was killed at the battle of ...

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Bruce, Thomas, seventh earl of Elgin and eleventh earl of Kincardine (1766–1841), diplomatist and army officer, was born at the family home, Broomhall, Fife, Scotland, on 20 July 1766, the son of Charles Bruce, fifth earl of Elgin and ninth earl of Kincardine...

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Cadogan, William, Earl Cadogan (1671/2–1726), army officer and diplomat, was born at Liscarton, co. Meath, the eldest son of Henry Cadogan (d. 1715), barrister, and his wife, Bridget, daughter of Sir Hardress Waller. His grandfather was Major William Cadogan, governor of Trim...

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Dalrymple, John, second earl of Stair (1673–1747), diplomat and army officer, was born at Edinburgh on 20 July 1673, second son of John Dalrymple, second viscount and first earl of Stair (1648–1707), and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1731), daughter and heir of ...

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Daubeney, Giles, first Baron Daubeney (1451/2–1508), administrator, soldier, and diplomat, was the elder son and heir of Sir William Daubeney (1424–1461) [see under Daubeney family] of South Petherton, Somerset, and his wife, Alice (b. 1432), third daughter and coheir of ...

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Henry of Lancaster [Henry of Grosmont], first duke of Lancaster (c. 1310–1361), soldier and diplomat, was the son of Henry, third earl of Lancaster (c. 1280–1345), and Maud Chaworth (d. 1317×22).

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Keith, George, styled tenth Earl Marischal (1692/3?–1778), Jacobite army officer and diplomatist in the Prussian service, was the eldest son of William Keith, ninth Earl Marischal (c. 1664–1712) [see under Drummond, Lady Mary] and Lady Mary Drummond (1675–1729), eldest daughter of ...

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Kirkpatrick, William (1754–1812), army officer in the East India Company and diplomatist, was the illegitimate son of James Kirkpatrick (1730–1818), a colonel in the East India Company's army, and Mrs Booth, wife of a London solicitor. Born in Ireland, Kirkpatrick was raised at boarding-school, supported but unacknowledged by his father. In 1771 his father, ...

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Lockhart, William [created Sir William Lockhart under the protectorate] (1621?–1675), diplomat and army officer, was the eldest son of Sir James Lockhart of Lee (1588/1599–1674) and his second wife, Martha Douglas of Mordington. Unhappy at school at Lanark, he played truant and at the age of thirteen ran away to ...

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Massue de Ruvigny, Henri de, earl of Galway, and marquess of Ruvigny in the French nobility (1648–1720), Huguenot leader, army officer, and diplomat, was born in Paris, probably in the Faubourg St Germain, on 9 April 1648, the eldest son of five surviving children of ...

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Montagu [Mountagu], Edward, first earl of Sandwich (1625–1672), army and naval officer and diplomat, was born at Barnwell, Northamptonshire, on 27 July 1625, the second but eldest surviving son of Sir Sydney Montagu (c.1571–1644) of Hinchingbrooke, Huntingdonshire, MP for Huntingdonshire, master of requests, and groom of the bedchamber to ...

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Mordaunt, Charles, third earl of Peterborough and first earl of Monmouth (1658?–1735), army officer and diplomatist, was the eldest of the eleven children of John Mordaunt, first Viscount Mordaunt of Avalon (1626–1675), royalist conspirator, and Elizabeth (1632/3–1679), daughter and sole heir of the ...

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Nassau van Zuylestein, William Frederick [Willem Frederik] van, first earl of Rochford (1649–1708), soldier and diplomat, was born at Zuylestein near Utrecht and baptized on 7 October 1649 at The Hague, the elder son of Frederik van Nassau van Zuylestein and his wife, ...

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Palmer, William (1740–1816), army officer in the East India Company and diplomatist, was the son of Samuel Palmer of Holborn Yard, London, and his wife, Frances. He joined the British army, serving in the West Indies where in St Kitts in 1761 he married ...

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Rose, Hugh Henry, Baron Strathnairn (1801–1885), army officer and diplomatist, was born on 6 April 1801, in Berlin, the third son of Sir George Henry Rose (1770–1855) and his wife, Frances (d. 12 Oct 1861), the daughter of Thomas Duncombe of Duncombe Park...

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Sherley [Shirley], Anthony [known as Sir Anthony Sherley], Count Sherley in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1565–1636?), adventurer and diplomat in the Persian service, was born at the family estate of Wiston in Sussex, one of nine children of Sir Thomas Sherley (c. 1542–1612)...

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Skelton, Bevil (c. 1641–1696), diplomat and soldier, was the eldest son of the Yorkshire soldier Sir John Skelton (d. 1673), lieutenant-governor of Plymouth from 1660, and his wife, Bridget (d. 1681), daughter of Sir Peter Prideaux. He later hinted that he served with the tiny royalist army in the 1657 campaign that culminated in the battle of the ...

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Spears [formerly Spiers], Sir Edward Louis, baronet (1886–1974), army officer and diplomatist, was born in the Passy district of Paris, at 7 Chaussée de la Muette, on 7 August 1886, the only son and elder child of Charles McCarthy Spiers (1858–1912), commission agent, and his wife, ...

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Stanhope, James, first Earl Stanhope (1673–1721), army officer, diplomat, and politician, was born in Paris, the eldest of the seven children of the Hon. Alexander Stanhope (1638–1707), himself the youngest son of Philip Stanhope, first earl of Chesterfield, and his wife, Katherine (...