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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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Gordon [née Maxwell], Jane, duchess of Gordon (1748/9–1812), political hostess and agricultural reformer, was born at Hyndford's Close, Edinburgh, the third of the four children of Sir William Maxwell of Monreith, Wigtownshire, third baronet, (c.1712–1771), and his wife, Magdalene, daughter of ...

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Grant, Sir James, of Grant, eighth baronet (1738–1811), agricultural improver and politician, was born on 19 May 1738, the only son of Sir Ludovick Grant of Grant, seventh baronet (1707–1773), landowner, and his second wife, Lady Margaret Ogilvie, eldest daughter of James, fifth earl of Findlater and second earl of Seafield...

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Guinness, Rupert Edward Cecil Lee, second earl of Iveagh (1874–1967), brewer and agricultural improver, was born in Berkeley Square, London, on 29 March 1874, the eldest of the three sons of Edward Cecil Guinness (1847–1927), who was created earl of Iveagh in 1919, and his wife, ...

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Lamb [née Milbanke], Elizabeth, Viscountess Melbourne (bap. 1751, d. 1818), political hostess and agricultural improver, was baptized on 15 October 1751 at Croft-on-Tees, Yorkshire, the only daughter of Sir Ralph Milbanke, fifth baronet (1721?–1798), of Halnaby Hall, Yorkshire, landowner and politician, and his wife, ...

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Plunkett, Sir Horace Curzon (1854–1932), agricultural reformer and politician, was born at Sherborne House, Gloucestershire, on 24 October 1854, the third of four sons and sixth of seven children of Edward Plunkett, sixteenth Baron Dunsany (1808–1889), and his wife, the Hon. Anne Constance Dutton (1816–1858)...

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Sinclair, Sir John, first baronet (1754–1835), agricultural improver, politician, and codifier of ‘useful knowledge’, was born at Thurso Castle, Caithness, on 10 May 1754, the third but only surviving son of George Sinclair (d. 1770) of Ulbster and his wife, Lady Janet Sutherland (1720–1795)...

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Townshend, Charles, second Viscount Townshend (1674–1738), politician, diplomatist, and agricultural innovator, was born on 18 April 1674 at Raynham, Norfolk, and baptized on 2 May at St Martin-in-the-Fields, London. He was the eldest of the three sons and heir of Horatio Townshend, first Viscount Townshend...

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Tull, Jethro (bap. 1674, d. 1741), agricultural innovator and writer, was born at Bradfield, near Basildon in Berkshire and baptized on 30 March 1674, 'the sonne of Jethro and Dorothy Tull'. The family was frequently stated to have been of Yorkshire origin, but the branch of it to which ...

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Young, Arthur (1741–1820), agricultural reformer and writer, was born at Whitehall in London on 11 September 1741. He was the younger son of Arthur Young (1693–1759), rector of Bradfield Combust, near Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, and chaplain to Arthur Onslow, speaker of the ...