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Article

Abercromby, James (1706–1781), army officer and politician, was born in Glassaugh, Banffshire, the son of Alexander Abercromby (1677–1728), laird of Glassaugh, politician and army officer, and his wife, Helen Meldrum. With his father's assistance he became commissioner of supply and justice of the peace in ...

Article

Richard Garnett

revised by Troy O. Bickham

André, John (1750–1780), army officer and spy, was born in London on 2 May 1750, the eldest son of Anthony André (1717–1769), a Genevese merchant settled in the city, and Marie Louise Girardot (1721?–1813). He had at least one brother and sister. He was educated at home and possibly at ...

Article

Barré, Isaac (1726–1802), army officer and politician, was born in Dublin on 15 October 1726, the only son of a merchant, Peter Barré (d. 1776), and his wife, Marie Madelaine, née Raboteau, both Huguenot refugees. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin...

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Blood, Thomas (1617/18–1680), adventurer and spy, was born at Sarney, co. Meath. His early life is obscure, but it was later claimed that his father (who was possibly Neptune Blood) was a blacksmith and ironworker, 'serious, honest and of no inferior credit' (...

Article

Bourchier, John, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533), soldier, diplomat, and translator, was the son of Sir Humphrey Bourchier (d. 1471) and Elizabeth (d. 1497), daughter and sole heir of Frederick Tilney of Boston, Lincolnshire. His father, a Yorkist, was killed at the battle of ...

Article

E. M. Lloyd

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Brackenbury, Charles Booth (1831–1890), army officer, born in Bayswater, London, on 7 November 1831, was the third son of William Brackenbury (d. 1844), lieutenant, 61st foot (1809–16), of Aswardby, Lincolnshire, and his wife, Maria (b. c.1798), daughter of James Atkinson...

Article

Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier, was the second but only surviving son of Sir William Brandon (d. 1485) and his wife, Elizabeth Bruyn (d. 1494) of South Ockendon. The manner of Sir William's death, killed at ...

Article

Brereton, Sir William, first baronet (1604–1661), parliamentarian army officer, was born on 13 September 1604 and baptized in the Manchester collegiate church two weeks later. He was the eldest son of William Brereton (1584–1610) of Handforth, and Margaret Holland (1585–1609), daughter of Richard Holland...

Article

Brooke, George, ninth Baron Cobham (c. 1497–1558), soldier and landowner, was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Brooke, eighth Baron Cobham (d. 1529), and his first wife, Dorothy Heydon. He accompanied his father in attending Mary Tudor to her marriage with Louis XII of France...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by John Sweetman

Cameron, John (1771–1815), army officer, was born at Inverscadale on Linnha Loch, Argyll, on 16 August 1771, one of the six children of Sir Ewen Cameron, first baronet (1738?–1828) of Inverscadale (afterwards of Fassiefern, Argyll), and his first wife, Lucy Campbell of ...

Article

Campbell, John, fourth earl of Loudoun (1705–1782), army officer, was born at Loudoun Castle, Galston, Ayrshire, on 5 May 1705, the only son of Hugh Campbell, third earl of Loudoun (c. 1673–1731), and his wife, Lady Margaret (c.1684–1779), the daughter of ...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by James Lunt

Cathcart, Sir George (1794–1854), army officer, third surviving son of William Schaw Cathcart, first Earl Cathcart (1755–1843), and his wife, Elizabeth, née Elliot (d. 14 December 1847), was born at Albemarle Street, London, on 12 May 1794. Educated at Eton College and ...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Colville, Sir Charles (1770–1843), army officer, second son of John Colville, eighth Lord Colville of Culross (1724/5–1811), and his wife, Amelia (d. 1788), née Webber, was born on 7 August 1770. He entered the army as an ensign in the 28th regiment...

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Cunningham, William, eighth earl of Glencairn (1610/11–1664), royalist army officer, was the son of William Cunningham, seventh earl of Glencairn (d. 1631) [see under Cunningham family], and Janet Kerr, daughter of Mark Kerr, first earl of Lothian. In March 1630 he matriculated at ...

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Cutts, John, Baron Cutts of Gowran (1660/61–1707), army officer and politician, was born at Woodhall, Arkesden, Essex, the second son of Richard Cutte or Cuttes (d. c.1669) of Woodhall, a squire of an old family owning property at Arkesden and Matching...

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Despard, Edward Marcus (1751–1803), army officer and revolutionary, was born into a military family in Queen's county, Ireland, on 6 March 1751; the youngest of six sons of William Despard and his wife, Jane. John Despard (1743/4–1829) was his brother. He joined the army as an ensign in 1766 and was promoted lieutenant in 1772, while stationed in ...

Article

Devereux, Robert, third earl of Essex (1591–1646), parliamentarian army officer, was born on 11 January 1591 at Walsingham House in Hart Street, London, and baptized there in the chapel on 22 January by Lancelot Andrewes. He was the first-born son of Robert Devereux, ...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by Gordon L. Teffeteller

Dickson, Sir Alexander (1777–1840), army officer, was born on 3 June 1777 at Sydenham House, Roxburghshire, the third son of Admiral William Dickson and his first wife, daughter of William Collingwood of Unthank, Northumberland. His brother was Admiral Sir Collingwood Dickson, second baronet...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by John Sweetman

Donkin, Sir Rufane Shaw (1773–1841), army officer, belonged to a respectable Northumbrian family, said to be of Scottish descent, and originally named Duncan. His father, General Robert Donkin (1726/7–1821), served in Flanders, the West Indies, Ireland, and America, was reputedly a personal friend of the historian ...

Article

Duncan, Francis (1836–1888), army officer, was born at Aberdeen on 4 April 1836, the eldest son of John Duncan, advocate, and Helen Drysdale, daughter of Andrew Douglass of Berwick upon Tweed. John Duncan took a leading role in the 1841 Marnoch intrusion case, which contributed to the disruption of the ...