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Baines, Edward (1774–1848), newspaper proprietor, politician, and historian, was born at Walton-le-Dale, near Preston, Lancashire, on 5 February 1774, the second son of Richard Baines (d. 1811) and his wife, Jane (née Chew). Richard Baines, who was born near Ripon and came from a farming family, had moved to ...

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Bryce, James, Viscount Bryce (1838–1922), jurist, historian, and politician, was born in Arthur Street, Belfast, on 10 May 1838, the eldest son of James Bryce (1806–1877), schoolteacher and geologist.

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Fisher, Herbert Albert Laurens (1865–1940), historian and politician, was born at 3 Onslow Square, London, on 21 March 1865.

In his posthumously published Unfinished Autobiography Fisher...

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Fitzmaurice, Edmond George Petty- [known as Lord Edmond Fitzmaurice], Baron Fitzmaurice (1846–1935), politician and historian, was born on 19 June 1846 at Lansdowne House, Berkeley Square, London, the second son of Henry Thomas Petty-Fitzmaurice, earl of Shelburne, later fourth marquess of Lansdowne...

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Gilmour, Ian Hedworth John Little, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar (1926–2007), politician and author, was born Ian Hedworth Gilmour on 8 July 1926 at 16 Devonshire Terrace, London, the only son (there was an older daughter) of Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Little Gilmour, second baronet...

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Grote, George (1794–1871), historian and politician, was born on 17 November 1794 at Clay Hill, near Beckenham, Kent, the eldest of the eleven children of George Grote (1762–1830), banker, and Selina Mary Peckwell (1775–1845), daughter of the Revd Henry Peckwell and his wife, ...

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Hyde, Edward, first earl of Clarendon (1609–1674), politician and historian, was born on 18 February 1609 at Dinton, Wiltshire, and baptized there on 22 February, the sixth of the nine children of Henry Hyde (c.1563–1634), gentleman, and his wife, Mary (...

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James, Sir Robert Vidal Rhodes (1933–1999), historian and politician, was born in India on 10 April 1933, the youngest of four sons and five children of Lieutenant-Colonel William Rhodes James, army officer, and his wife, Violet, née Swinhoe. His uncle was Montague Rhodes James...

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Jenkins, Roy Harris, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead (1920–2003), politician and author, was born at Greenlands, Snatchwood Road, Abersychan, Monmouthshire, on 11 November 1920, the only child of Arthur Jenkins (1882–1946), assistant miners' agent, and his wife, Harriet (Hattie), née Harris (1886–1953), music shop assistant and subsequently magistrate and county councillor....

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Muir, (John) Ramsay Bryce (1872–1941), historian and politician, was born on 30 September 1872 at Otterburn, Northumberland, the oldest of five children of the Revd Alexander Bryce Muir and his wife, Jane, daughter of Thomas Rowatt of Edinburgh. Muir's father, Reformed Presbyterian minister at ...

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Pickthorn, Sir Kenneth William Murray, first baronet (1892–1975), historian and politician, was born in London on 23 April 1892, the elder son of Charles Wright Pickthorn and his wife, Edith Maud Berkeley Murray. He had two sisters and one brother. His father (as he would recall with pride) was a master mariner, whose home when ashore was at ...

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Russell, Conrad Sebastian Robert, fifth Earl Russell (1937–2004), historian and politician, was born on 15 April 1937 at Telegraph House, Elsted, Sussex, the son of the philosopher and political campaigner Bertrand Russell, third Earl Russell (1872–1970), and his third wife, Patricia Helen (Peter) Spence...

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Warwick, Sir Philip (1609–1683), politician and historian, was born in the parish of St Margaret, Westminster, on 24 December 1609, and baptized the same day. He was the only son of Thomas Warwick (fl. 1580–1620), organist of Westminster Abbey and the Chapel Royal...

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Wright, Esmond (1915–2003), historian and politician, was born at 142 Hugh Gardens, Benwell, Newcastle upon Tyne, on 5 November 1915, the son of Esmond Wright, armature winder and later electrical engineer, and his wife, Isabella, née Gray. His parents were both Scottish. From ...