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Anning, Mary (1799–1847), fossil collector and dealer, was born on 21 May 1799 in a seaside house in Lyme Regis, Dorset. She and her brother Joseph (1796–1849) were the only surviving children of Richard Anning (c.1766–1810), cabinet-maker and carpenter, and his wife, ...

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Barrington, Daines (1727/8–1800), judge, antiquary, and naturalist, was born at Becket in the parish of Shrivenham in Berkshire, the fourth son and fourth of nine children of John Shute Barrington, first Viscount Barrington (1678–1734), barrister and politician, and his wife, Anne (d...

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Beard, William (1772–1868), tourist guide and collector of bones, was born on 24 April 1772 at Woolvershill, Banwell, Somerset, the eldest of the eight children of John Beard (1738–1801), a farmer, and his second wife, Ann Poole (1760–1833). He was educated by John Tuckey...

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Benett, Etheldred (1775–1845), fossil collector and geologist, was born on 22 July 1775 at Pyt House, Tisbury, Wiltshire, the eldest daughter of Thomas Benett (c.1729–1797) and Catherine Darell (d. 1780). Her eldest surviving brother, John (1773–1852), was a deputy lieutenant and magistrate for ...

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Clark, George Thomas (1809–1898), engineer and antiquary, was born in Chelsea, London, on 26 May 1809, the eldest son of the Revd George Clark (1777–1848), chaplain to the Royal Military Asylum, Chelsea, and Clara, daughter of Thomas Dicey of Claybrook Hall, Leicestershire. He was educated at ...

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Clarke, Edward Daniel (1769–1822), antiquary and mineralogist, was born on 5 June 1769 at the vicarage of Willingdon in Sussex. He was the second of four children of the Revd Edward Clarke (1730–1786), traveller and antiquary, and his wife, Anne (1737/8–1802), daughter of ...

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Dalyell, Sir John Graham, sixth baronet (1775–1851), antiquary and naturalist, the second son of Sir Robert Dalyell, fourth baronet (1724–1791), an army officer, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1825), the only daughter of Nicol Graham of Gartmore, Perthshire, was born at The Binns, Linlithgowshire...

Article

Frank Spencer

revised by Mark Pottle

Dawson, Charles (1864–1916), palaeontologist and antiquary, was born on 11 July 1864 at Fulkeith Hall, Lancashire, the second of the four children (he had two brothers and a sister) of Hugh Dawson, barrister, and his wife, Mary Anne Chaffer. By 1873 his father had moved to ...

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Dee, John (1527–1609), mathematician, astrologer, and antiquary, was born on 13 July 1527 in London, the only child of Rowland Dee and his wife, Joan or Joanna (1508/9–1580), daughter of William Wild.

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Englefield, Sir Henry Charles, seventh baronet (c. 1752–1822), antiquary and writer on science, was the eldest of the five children of Sir Henry Englefield, sixth baronet (1715–1780), landowner, and his second wife, Catharine Buck (1725–1805), daughter of Sir Charles Buck, third baronet. A member of a long-established family of Catholic gentry, he is said to have been educated at one of the English Catholic colleges abroad. He succeeded his father as the seventh baronet in 1780, but moved from the family home at ...

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Folkes, Martin (1690–1754), antiquary and natural philosopher, was born on 29 October 1690 in Queen Street in the parish of St Giles-in-the-Fields, Westminster, the eldest of three sons and two daughters of Martin Folkes (1640–1705), one of the benchers of Gray's Inn, and his wife, ...

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Gunther, Robert William Theodore (1869–1940), zoologist and antiquary, was born on 23 August 1869 at St James's Road, Surbiton, Surrey. He was the only child of the zoologist Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf Günther (1830–1914), who from Württemberg, then Tübingen, came to England to seek scientific employment, and his first wife, ...

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Lee [formerly Fiott], John (1783–1866), antiquary and astronomer, was born John Fiott on 28 April 1783, the eldest son of John Fiott, merchant of London, and his wife, Harriet, daughter of William Lee of Totteridge Park, Hertfordshire. The Fiotts originated from Dijon...

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Plot, Robert (bap. 1640, d. 1696), naturalist and antiquary, was baptized on 13 December 1640 at Sutton Barne in the parish of Borden, near Sittingbourne, Kent, the son of Robert Plot (d. 1669), who was descended from an old-established Kentish family, and his wife, ...

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Sowerby, James (1757–1822), natural history artist, publisher, and collector, was born on 21 March 1757, at 2 Bolt-in-Tun Passage, Fleet Street, London, the son of John Sowerby (1719–1766), a lapidary, and his wife, Arabella Goodreed (1725–1782). He was educated at a day school, where he often made models during his lessons that he could sell. When he was fourteen friends provided ...

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Stukeley, William (1687–1765), antiquary and natural philosopher, was born on 7 November 1687 in Holbeach, Lincolnshire, the eldest son in the family of four boys and one girl of John Stukeley (d. 1705), attorney, and his wife, Frances Bullen (d. 1707)...

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Woodward, John (1665/1668–1728), physician, natural historian, and antiquary, was born on 1 May 1665, or possibly 1668, in a village (possibly Wirksworth) in Derbyshire; he may have been of a Gloucestershire family and his mother's maiden surname may have been Burdett. At sixteen he was apprenticed to a ...