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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his wife, Margaret. He was a member of the Leathersellers' Company (and its master in 1638–9), and from 1631 ran a wholesale linen drapery business at the ...

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Ball, Alan James (1945–2007), footballer and football manager, was born on 12 May 1945 at 2 Brookhouse Avenue, Farnworth, Lancashire, the son of (James) Alan Ball, builder's joiner, later publican, and his wife, Violet, née Duckworth. His father was an occasional professional footballer with ...

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Barnato, Barnett Isaacs [Barney] (1852–1897), diamond merchant and financier, born on 5 July 1852 at Aldgate, London, was the second son of the five children of Isaac Isaacs, shopkeeper, and Leah Isaacs (said to be related to the master of the rolls, Sir George Jessel...

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Beit, Sir Otto John, first baronet (1865–1930), financier, philanthropist, and art connoisseur, was born on 7 December 1865 in Hamburg, Germany, twelve years after his brother Alfred Beit. He was the third son of Siegfried Beit (1818–1881), silk merchant, and his wife, Laura Caroline Hahn (...

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Caillard, Sir Vincent Henry Penalver (1856–1930), financier, was born in Kensington, London, on 23 October 1856, fifth child and eldest son of Camille Felix Désiré Caillard (1822–1898) of Wingfield House, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, who was at his death the longest serving county court judge, and his first wife, ...

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Cassel, Sir Ernest Joseph (1852–1921), merchant banker and financier, was born on 3 March 1852 in Cologne, Germany, the youngest of the three children of Jacob Cassel (1802–1875) and Amalia, née Rosenheim (d. 1874). Jacob Cassel had a small banking business, founded by his father, ...

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Cranfield, Lionel, first earl of Middlesex (1575–1645), merchant, financier, and government minister, was born in London, the second son of Thomas Cranfield (d. 1595), a London mercer and Eastland Company merchant, and his wife, Martha (d. 1609), daughter of Thomas's master, ...

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Cutler, Sir John (1607/8–1693), merchant and financier, was the son of Thomas Cutler, a member of the Grocers' Company. Early in his career he abandoned commerce for finance and specialized in lending money to impoverished landowners on the security of their estates. In this way he made a fortune and amassed considerable landed property during the interregnum, while discreetly avoiding any serious involvement in politics. In 1657 he acquired the ...

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Docker, (Frank) Dudley (1862–1944), industrialist and financier, was born at Paxton House, South Street, Smethwick, on 26 August 1862, youngest son of Ralph Docker (1809–1887), a solicitor who was for many years coroner for East Worcestershire and clerk of Smethwick's board of health...

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Duncombe, Sir Charles (bap. 1648, d. 1711), financier, was baptized on 16 November 1648 at St John the Evangelist's, Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire, the second son of Alexander (Sanders) Duncombe (b. 1619, d. in or before 1665), a Buckinghamshire yeoman, and his wife, Mary (1619–1716)...

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Ellerman, Sir John Reeves, first baronet (1862–1933), shipowner and financier, was born at 100 Anlaby Road, Kingston upon Hull, on 15 May 1862, the only son (there were also two daughters) of Johann Herman Ellerman (d. 1871), a Lutheran corn merchant and shipbroker, and his wife, ...

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Fleming, Robert (1845–1933), financier, was born on 17 March 1845 at Liff Road, Lochee, then a village about 3 miles to the north-west of Dundee. He was the fourth of seven children of John Fleming (1806–1873), an overseer in linen and jute mills in ...

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Goldsmid, Sir Isaac Lyon, first baronet (1778–1859), financier and Jewish communal leader, was born in London on 13 January 1778, the eldest of the six children of Asher Goldsmid, a bullion broker, and his wife, Rachel, née Keyser. Asher's father, Aaron, had settled in ...

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Goldsmith, Sir James Michael (1933–1997), financier and politician, was born in Paris on 26 February 1933, the younger son of Francis Benedict Hyam (Frank) Goldsmith, formerly Goldschmidt (1878–1967), hotelier and politician, and his wife, Marcelle, née Mouiller (1903–1985). His elder brother, Edward René David Goldsmith (1928–2009)...

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Goschen, George Joachim, first Viscount Goschen (1831–1907), politician and financier, was born on 10 August 1831 at his father's house in the parish of Stoke Newington, near London, the eldest son and second child in the family of five sons and five daughters of ...

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Hanson, James Edward, Baron Hanson (1922–2004), industrialist and financier, was born on 20 January 1922 at Wood Bank, Scar Lane, Golcar, Huddersfield, the elder son of Robert Hanson (1892–1973), businessman, and his wife, Louisa Ann, daughter of Albert Edward Rodgers. His father was a hard, domineering man who controlled several companies engaged in road haulage, coach operations, and coach travel, and whose early nineteenth-century ancestors had owned the pack-horses that carried cloth from weavers' cottages on the ...

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Hicks, Baptist, first Viscount Campden (1551?–1629), mercer and moneylender, was the third son of Robert Hicks (d. 1557), a rich London citizen. He was probably educated at St Paul's School, and then at Trinity College, Cambridge. He was brought up in, and inherited, his father's flourishing mercer's business at the ...

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Joel, Solomon Barnato (1865–1931), financier, was born on 21 December 1865, at 8 Sandys Row, Spitalfields, in the East End of London, the youngest of three sons of Joel Joel (d. 1893), cigar manufacturer and publican, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of ...

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Lewis, Samuel (1838–1901), moneylender and philanthropist, was born on 14 May 1838 at 1 Lower Hurst Street, Birmingham, the elder of the two children of Frederick Lewis (b. c.1801), a dealer, and his wife, Sarah (c.1805–1872). They lived in impoverished slum conditions, and in 1841 his father was imprisoned for debt. On this, and on many other occasions, the family were rescued by benefits provided by the ...

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Montefiore, Sir Moses Haim (1784–1885), financier and Jewish community leader, the eldest son of Joseph Elias Montefiore, a London businessman, and Rachel, the daughter of Abraham Lumbroso de Mattos Mocatta, was born in Leghorn, Italy (during a visit there by his parents), on 24 October 1784. On his father's side ...