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Baring, Alexander, first Baron Ashburton (1773–1848), merchant and banker, was born on 27 October 1773 (the frequently cited date of 1784 is incorrect) in Mincing Lane, London, the second child of the six sons and six daughters of Sir Francis Baring (1740–1810), merchant and banker, and his wife, ...

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Baring, Sir Francis, first baronet (1740–1810), merchant and merchant banker, was born at Larkbear, Exeter, on 18 April 1740, third of the four surviving sons and one daughter of John Baring (1697–1748) and his wife, Elizabeth Baring (1702–1766), daughter of John Vowler, a prosperous ...

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Barnato, Barnett Isaacs [Barney] (1852–1897), diamond merchant and financier, born on 5 July 1852 at Aldgate, London, was the second son of the five children of Isaac Isaacs, shopkeeper, and Leah Isaacs (said to be related to the master of the rolls, Sir George Jessel...

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Bates, Joshua (1788–1864), merchant and banker, was born on 10 October 1788 at Weymouth, Massachusetts, United States, the youngest of three children and only son of Colonel Joshua Bates (d. 1804), a leading local businessman, and his wife, Tirzah, née Pratt. He was educated at public schools and by the ...

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Bethel, Slingsby (bap. 1617, d. 1697), merchant and political economist, was baptized in Alne, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, on 27 February 1617, a younger son of Sir Walter Bethel (d. 1622), gentleman, and Mary Slingsby (1582–1662), daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby...

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Catto, Thomas Sivewright, first Baron Catto (1879–1959), merchant and banker, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 15 March 1879, the fifth son and seventh child of William Catto (1835–1885), shipwright, of Peterhead, and his wife, Isabella, daughter of William Yule, sea captain. His father had moved to ...

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Child, Sir Josiah, first baronet (bap. 1631, d. 1699), economic writer and merchant, was baptized at St Bartholomew-by-the-Exchange, London, on 27 February 1631, the second son of Richard Child (buried 1638 at Hackney), a merchant of Fleet Street, and his wife, Elizabeth Roycroft...

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Cranfield, Lionel, first earl of Middlesex (1575–1645), merchant, financier, and government minister, was born in London, the second son of Thomas Cranfield (d. 1595), a London mercer and Eastland Company merchant, and his wife, Martha (d. 1609), daughter of Thomas's master, ...

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Cutler, Sir John (1607/8–1693), merchant and financier, was the son of Thomas Cutler, a member of the Grocers' Company. Early in his career he abandoned commerce for finance and specialized in lending money to impoverished landowners on the security of their estates. In this way he made a fortune and amassed considerable landed property during the interregnum, while discreetly avoiding any serious involvement in politics. In 1657 he acquired the ...

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Drummond, George (1687–1766), accountant-general of excise in Scotland and local politician, was born on 27 June 1687, probably at Edinburgh, although in some accounts his place of birth is given as Newton Castle in Perthshire, where his father had business and family connections. He was one of at least three children of the factor and merchant ...

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T. F. Henderson

revised by H. V. Bowen

Farquhar, John (1751–1826), merchant and entrepreneur, the son of John Farquhar, was born at Bilbo, in the parish of Crimond, Aberdeenshire. Born of humble parents, at the age of fifteen he was awarded a bursary to attend the Marischal College of Aberdeen. After four years of study, he was entitled to the award of MA, and he soon moved on to ...

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Gibbs, Henry Hucks, first Baron Aldenham (1819–1907), merchant and merchant banker, was born at Powis Place, Queen Square, Bloomsbury, London on 31 August 1819, the eldest son of the fourteen children of George Henry Gibbs (1785–1842) of Aldenham, Hertfordshire, and Clifton Hampden, Oxfordshire...

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Leyland, Thomas (1752?–1827), merchant and banker, is thought to have been born in 1752, one of the two known children (he had a sister) of Richard Leyland of Knowsley, Lancashire. Nothing is known about his early life. By 1768, however, he was employed by ...

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North, Sir Dudley (1641–1691), merchant and economist, was born in London (probably at the Charterhouse) on 16 May 1641. He was the fourth (third surviving) son of Dudley North, fourth Baron North (1602–1677), landowner, and his wife, Anne (1613/14–1681), second daughter of ...

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Oppenheimer, Sir Ernest (1880–1957), diamond merchant and financier, was born in Friedberg, Germany, on 22 May 1880, the fifth son and eighth child of Eduard Oppenheimer (1841–1924), cigar merchant, and his wife, Nanny Hirschhorn (1841–1912). From the age of ten he was educated in French and classics at the ...

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Robinson, Sir John, first baronet (bap. 1615, d. 1680), merchant and financier, was baptized on 10 January 1615, the third but second surviving son of William Robinson DD, of Long Whatton, near Loughborough, archdeacon of Nottingham (1635–42), and his wife, Sarah, daughter of ...

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Rothschild, Nathan Mayer (1777–1836), merchant and financier, was born on 16 September 1777 at Frankfurt am Main, Germany. He was the son of Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812), coin dealer and money lender, and his wife Gutle (1753–1849), daughter of Wolf Schnapper, a wealthy ...

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Scawen, Sir William (1646/7–1722), merchant and politician, was born in St Germans, Cornwall, the fifth son of Robert Scawen (1602–1670) of Horton, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Cavendish Alsop, a London merchant. His younger brother Thomas 1654–1730 [see below]...

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Stuckey family (per. c. 1770–1845), bankers and merchants, came to prominence with Samuel George Stuckey (1740–1812). Born in April 1740 at Langport, Somerset, he was the youngest of the five children of George Stuckey (1697–1774), merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth (1699–1752)...

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Thornton, Samuel (1754–1838), merchant and bank governor, was born on 6 November 1754, the eldest son in the family of three sons and one daughter of John Thornton (1720–1790), a merchant, of Hull and Clapham, and his wife, Lucy, the daughter of Samuel Watson...