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Allcroft, John Derby (1822–1893), glove manufacturer and entrepreneur, was born in Worcester on 19 July 1822, only son and elder child of Jeremiah Macklin Allcroft (1791–1867), who was a partner in the glove manufacturing firm of J. and W. Dent & Co. His mother, ...

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Jacob M. Price

revised by Leslie Hannah

Barclay, David (1729–1809), banker and brewer, was the younger son of David Barclay (1682–1769), Quaker merchant, and his second wife, Priscilla, daughter of John Freame, banker, of Lombard Street. David and his brother John became partners in their father's linen and merchant house in ...

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Baring, Alexander, first Baron Ashburton (1773–1848), merchant and banker, was born on 27 October 1773 (the frequently cited date of 1784 is incorrect) in Mincing Lane, London, the second child of the six sons and six daughters of Sir Francis Baring (1740–1810), merchant and banker, and his wife, ...

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Baring, Sir Francis, first baronet (1740–1810), merchant and merchant banker, was born at Larkbear, Exeter, on 18 April 1740, third of the four surviving sons and one daughter of John Baring (1697–1748) and his wife, Elizabeth Baring (1702–1766), daughter of John Vowler, a prosperous ...

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Barlow, Sir Thomas [Tommy] Dalmahoy (1883–1964), industrialist and banker, was born in London on 23 February 1883, the second son in the family of three sons and two daughters of Sir Thomas Barlow (1845–1945), physician-extraordinary to Queen Victoria and kings Edward VII and ...

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Barnato, Barnett Isaacs [Barney] (1852–1897), diamond merchant and financier, born on 5 July 1852 at Aldgate, London, was the second son of the five children of Isaac Isaacs, shopkeeper, and Leah Isaacs (said to be related to the master of the rolls, Sir George Jessel...

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Barratt, Sir Lawrence Arthur [Lawrie] (1927–2012), house builder, was born on 14 November 1927 at Eskville, Warrington Road, Fawdon, Newcastle upon Tyne, the son of William Arthur Barratt (1893–1971), an electrical engineer on the municipal trams, and his wife, Florence Mary, née Jagger (1900–1987)...

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Bates, Joshua (1788–1864), merchant and banker, was born on 10 October 1788 at Weymouth, Massachusetts, United States, the youngest of three children and only son of Colonel Joshua Bates (d. 1804), a leading local businessman, and his wife, Tirzah, née Pratt. He was educated at public schools and by the ...

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Bethel, Slingsby (bap. 1617, d. 1697), merchant and political economist, was baptized in Alne, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, on 27 February 1617, a younger son of Sir Walter Bethel (d. 1622), gentleman, and Mary Slingsby (1582–1662), daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby...

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Brasher, Christopher William [Chris] (1928–2003), athlete, journalist, and businessman, was born on 21 August 1928 in Georgetown, British Guiana, the son of William Kenneth Brasher, a Colonial Office engineer, and his wife, Katie Howe Brasher. His family moved to Jerusalem and then, when ...

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Bulmer, (George Henry) Bertram (1902–1993), cider manufacturer and business entrepreneur, was born on 30 August 1902 at Fair Oaks Cottage, Kings Acre Road, Hereford, the eldest of the three sons of Edward Frederick Bulmer (1865–1941) [see under Bulmer, Henry Percival] and his wife, ...

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Catto, Thomas Sivewright, first Baron Catto (1879–1959), merchant and banker, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 15 March 1879, the fifth son and seventh child of William Catto (1835–1885), shipwright, of Peterhead, and his wife, Isabella, daughter of William Yule, sea captain. His father had moved to ...

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Child, Sir Josiah, first baronet (bap. 1631, d. 1699), economic writer and merchant, was baptized at St Bartholomew-by-the-Exchange, London, on 27 February 1631, the second son of Richard Child (buried 1638 at Hackney), a merchant of Fleet Street, and his wife, Elizabeth Roycroft...

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Cranfield, Lionel, first earl of Middlesex (1575–1645), merchant, financier, and government minister, was born in London, the second son of Thomas Cranfield (d. 1595), a London mercer and Eastland Company merchant, and his wife, Martha (d. 1609), daughter of Thomas's master, ...

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Cutler, Sir John (1607/8–1693), merchant and financier, was the son of Thomas Cutler, a member of the Grocers' Company. Early in his career he abandoned commerce for finance and specialized in lending money to impoverished landowners on the security of their estates. In this way he made a fortune and amassed considerable landed property during the interregnum, while discreetly avoiding any serious involvement in politics. In 1657 he acquired the ...

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Docker, (Frank) Dudley (1862–1944), industrialist and financier, was born at Paxton House, South Street, Smethwick, on 26 August 1862, youngest son of Ralph Docker (1809–1887), a solicitor who was for many years coroner for East Worcestershire and clerk of Smethwick's board of health...

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Drummond, George (1687–1766), accountant-general of excise in Scotland and local politician, was born on 27 June 1687, probably at Edinburgh, although in some accounts his place of birth is given as Newton Castle in Perthshire, where his father had business and family connections. He was one of at least three children of the factor and merchant ...

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by H. V. Bowen

Farquhar, John (1751–1826), merchant and entrepreneur, the son of John Farquhar, was born at Bilbo, in the parish of Crimond, Aberdeenshire. Born of humble parents, at the age of fifteen he was awarded a bursary to attend the Marischal College of Aberdeen. After four years of study, he was entitled to the award of MA, and he soon moved on to ...

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Fraser, Hugh, first Baron Fraser of Allander (1903–1966), department store owner and businessman, was born at Glencaple, Partickhill Road, Partick, Lanarkshire, on 15 January 1903, the only son of Hugh Fraser (d. 1927), drapery warehouseman, and his wife, Emily Florence, née McGown...

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Gibbs, Henry Hucks, first Baron Aldenham (1819–1907), merchant and merchant banker, was born at Powis Place, Queen Square, Bloomsbury, London on 31 August 1819, the eldest son of the fourteen children of George Henry Gibbs (1785–1842) of Aldenham, Hertfordshire, and Clifton Hampden, Oxfordshire...