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Andrews, Robert (1725–1806), landowner and subject of a painting by Thomas Gainsborough, was born at Bulmer, Essex, on 10 November 1725, the son of Robert Andrews (1661–1735) and his fourth wife, Martha (d. 1749), the daughter of James Brewster (d. 1725)...

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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Blith, Walter (bap. 1605, d. 1654), writer on husbandry, was baptized on 7 August 1605 in Allesley, Warwickshire, the fourth and youngest son of John Blith (d. 1626), yeoman farmer, and Ann, daughter of Barnaby Holbeche of Birchley Hall, Fillongley. His father, a relatively prosperous cereal and dairy farmer, had moved to ...

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Coke, Thomas William, first earl of Leicester of Holkham (1754–1842), politician and agriculturist, was born in London on 6 May 1754 and baptized at St James's, Piccadilly, on 22 May, the eldest son of Wenham Roberts Coke (1717–1776), a landowner, and his second wife, ...

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A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Peter L. Schmitthenner

Cotton, Sir Arthur Thomas (1803–1899), army officer and irrigation engineer, was born on 15 May 1803 at Woodcote, Oxfordshire, the ninth son of Henry Calveley Cotton (d. 1837) of Woodcote House, who served in the royal guards (postal service), and his wife, ...

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Curwen, John Christian (1756–1828), agriculturist and politician, was born on 12 July 1756 at Ewanrigg, Dearham, Cumberland, the eldest to survive infancy of the sons of John Christian of Ewanrigg, and his wife, Jane, eldest daughter of Eldred Curwen of Workington Hall, Cumberland...

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Dempster, George, of Dunnichen (1732–1818), agriculturist and politician, was born at Alexander Kyd's Close, Dundee, Forfarshire, on 8 December 1732, the eldest son of John Dempster (1700–1754), landowner and grain merchant, and his first wife, Isabel Ogilvie (1700×10–c.1738).

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Gordon [née Maxwell], Jane, duchess of Gordon (1748/9–1812), political hostess and agricultural reformer, was born at Hyndford's Close, Edinburgh, the third of the four children of Sir William Maxwell of Monreith, Wigtownshire, third baronet, (c.1712–1771), and his wife, Magdalene, daughter of ...

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Guinness, Rupert Edward Cecil Lee, second earl of Iveagh (1874–1967), brewer and agricultural improver, was born in Berkeley Square, London, on 29 March 1874, the eldest of the three sons of Edward Cecil Guinness (1847–1927), who was created earl of Iveagh in 1919, and his wife, ...

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Lamb [née Milbanke], Elizabeth, Viscountess Melbourne (bap. 1751, d. 1818), political hostess and agricultural improver, was baptized on 15 October 1751 at Croft-on-Tees, Yorkshire, the only daughter of Sir Ralph Milbanke, fifth baronet (1721?–1798), of Halnaby Hall, Yorkshire, landowner and politician, and his wife, ...

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Lawes, Sir John Bennet, first baronet (1814–1900), agriculturist, was born at Rothamsted, near St Albans, Hertfordshire, on 28 December 1814, the only son of John Bennet Lawes (d. 1822), owner of the Rothamsted estate of somewhat more than 1000 acres and lord of the manor of ...

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Lindsay, Robert James Loyd-, Baron Wantage (1832–1901), army officer and agriculturist, born of Scottish descent in London on 16 April 1832, was the youngest child of Lieutenant-General James Lindsay (1793–1855), Grenadier Guards, of Balcarres, Fife—paternal grandson of James Lindsay, fifth earl of Balcarres...

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Lopes, Sir Lopes Massey, third baronet (1818–1908), politician and agriculturist, born at Maristow, Devon, on 14 June 1818, was the eldest son of Sir Ralph Lopes, second baronet (d. 1854), and his wife, Susan Gibbs, eldest daughter of Abraham Ludlow of Heywood House, Wiltshire...

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Plunkett, Sir Horace Curzon (1854–1932), agricultural reformer and politician, was born at Sherborne House, Gloucestershire, on 24 October 1854, the third of four sons and sixth of seven children of Edward Plunkett, sixteenth Baron Dunsany (1808–1889), and his wife, the Hon. Anne Constance Dutton (1816–1858)...

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Pusey, Philip (1799–1855), agriculturist, was born at Pusey, Berkshire, on 25 June 1799, the eldest of the three sons of Philip Bouverie Pusey (1724–1828) and his wife, Lucy (1772–1858), daughter of Robert Sherard, fourth earl of Harborough, and widow of Sir Thomas Cave...

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Russell, Francis, fifth duke of Bedford (1765–1802), agriculturist and politician, was born on 23 July 1765 and baptized on 20 August 1765 at St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, the eldest child of Francis Russell, marquess of Tavistock (1739–1767), politician, and Lady Elizabeth Keppel (1739–1768), daughter of ...

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Russell, Herbrand Arthur, eleventh duke of Bedford (1858–1940), agriculturist and philanthropist, was born on 19 February 1858 in London, the younger son in the family of two sons and two daughters of Francis Charles Hastings Russell, ninth duke of Bedford (1819–1891) [see under...

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Sebright, Sir John Saunders, seventh baronet (1767–1846), politician and agriculturist, was born in Sackville Street, Westminster, London, on 23 May 1767, the elder son of Sir John Sebright, sixth baronet (bap. 1725, d. 1794), MP for Bath (1761–80), and Sarah (d...

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Spencer, John Charles, Viscount Althorp and third Earl Spencer (1782–1845), politician, agriculturist, and sportsman, was born on 30 May 1782 at Spencer House, St James's Place, London, the eldest child of George John Spencer, second Earl Spencer (1758–1834), and Lavinia Bingham, daughter of the ...

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Sutton, Martin John (1850–1913), scientific agriculturist, was born in Reading on 25 October 1850, the eldest of five sons and four daughters of Martin Hope Sutton (1815–1901), seed merchant, and his second wife, Sophia Woodhead Warwick (d. 1894), of Whitley, Berkshire. He was educated at ...