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Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents (whose names are unknown) died. He had already prepared himself for the position by attending ...

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Andrews, Robert (1725–1806), landowner and subject of a painting by Thomas Gainsborough, was born at Bulmer, Essex, on 10 November 1725, the son of Robert Andrews (1661–1735) and his fourth wife, Martha (d. 1749), the daughter of James Brewster (d. 1725)...

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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Bell, Patrick (1799–1869), Church of Scotland minister and inventor of agricultural machinery, was born in April 1799 at mid-Leoch, in the parish of Auchterhouse, a few miles north-west of Dundee. He was one of at least two sons of George Bell, a tenant farmer at ...

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Blith, Walter (bap. 1605, d. 1654), writer on husbandry, was baptized on 7 August 1605 in Allesley, Warwickshire, the fourth and youngest son of John Blith (d. 1626), yeoman farmer, and Ann, daughter of Barnaby Holbeche of Birchley Hall, Fillongley. His father, a relatively prosperous cereal and dairy farmer, had moved to ...

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Caird, Sir James (1816–1892), agriculturist and writer, was the third son of James Caird of Stranraer, solicitor and procurator fiscal for Wigtownshire, and Isabella, daughter of Archibald McNeel of Stranraer. He was born at Stranraer on 10 June 1816, and was educated at the burgh school and ...

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Coke, Thomas William, first earl of Leicester of Holkham (1754–1842), politician and agriculturist, was born in London on 6 May 1754 and baptized at St James's, Piccadilly, on 22 May, the eldest son of Wenham Roberts Coke (1717–1776), a landowner, and his second wife, ...

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A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Peter L. Schmitthenner

Cotton, Sir Arthur Thomas (1803–1899), army officer and irrigation engineer, was born on 15 May 1803 at Woodcote, Oxfordshire, the ninth son of Henry Calveley Cotton (d. 1837) of Woodcote House, who served in the royal guards (postal service), and his wife, ...

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Curwen, John Christian (1756–1828), agriculturist and politician, was born on 12 July 1756 at Ewanrigg, Dearham, Cumberland, the eldest to survive infancy of the sons of John Christian of Ewanrigg, and his wife, Jane, eldest daughter of Eldred Curwen of Workington Hall, Cumberland...

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Dempster, George, of Dunnichen (1732–1818), agriculturist and politician, was born at Alexander Kyd's Close, Dundee, Forfarshire, on 8 December 1732, the eldest son of John Dempster (1700–1754), landowner and grain merchant, and his first wife, Isabel Ogilvie (1700×10–c.1738).

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Ferguson, Henry George [Harry] (1884–1960), designer of agricultural machinery, was born on 4 November 1884 at Growell, near Hillsborough in northern Ireland, the third son and fourth of eleven children, three girls and eight boys, of James Ferguson, a hill farmer, and his wife, ...

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Gordon [née Maxwell], Jane, duchess of Gordon (1748/9–1812), political hostess and agricultural reformer, was born at Hyndford's Close, Edinburgh, the third of the four children of Sir William Maxwell of Monreith, Wigtownshire, third baronet, (c.1712–1771), and his wife, Magdalene, daughter of ...

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Grant, Sir James, of Grant, eighth baronet (1738–1811), agricultural improver and politician, was born on 19 May 1738, the only son of Sir Ludovick Grant of Grant, seventh baronet (1707–1773), landowner, and his second wife, Lady Margaret Ogilvie, eldest daughter of James, fifth earl of Findlater and second earl of Seafield...

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Guinness, Rupert Edward Cecil Lee, second earl of Iveagh (1874–1967), brewer and agricultural improver, was born in Berkeley Square, London, on 29 March 1874, the eldest of the three sons of Edward Cecil Guinness (1847–1927), who was created earl of Iveagh in 1919, and his wife, ...

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Hall, Sir (Alfred) Daniel (1864–1942), agricultural educationist and researcher, was born on 22 June 1864 at 44 Milnrow Road, Rochdale, Lancashire, the eldest of the five children of Edwin Hall (1835–1918), flannel manufacturer, and his wife, Mary Ann Billett (d. 1888), daughter of ...

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Lamb [née Milbanke], Elizabeth, Viscountess Melbourne (bap. 1751, d. 1818), political hostess and agricultural improver, was baptized on 15 October 1751 at Croft-on-Tees, Yorkshire, the only daughter of Sir Ralph Milbanke, fifth baronet (1721?–1798), of Halnaby Hall, Yorkshire, landowner and politician, and his wife, ...

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Lawes, Sir John Bennet, first baronet (1814–1900), agriculturist, was born at Rothamsted, near St Albans, Hertfordshire, on 28 December 1814, the only son of John Bennet Lawes (d. 1822), owner of the Rothamsted estate of somewhat more than 1000 acres and lord of the manor of ...

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Lindsay, Robert James Loyd-, Baron Wantage (1832–1901), army officer and agriculturist, born of Scottish descent in London on 16 April 1832, was the youngest child of Lieutenant-General James Lindsay (1793–1855), Grenadier Guards, of Balcarres, Fife—paternal grandson of James Lindsay, fifth earl of Balcarres...

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Lopes, Sir Lopes Massey, third baronet (1818–1908), politician and agriculturist, born at Maristow, Devon, on 14 June 1818, was the eldest son of Sir Ralph Lopes, second baronet (d. 1854), and his wife, Susan Gibbs, eldest daughter of Abraham Ludlow of Heywood House, Wiltshire...

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Meikle, Andrew (1719–1811), millwright and inventor of the threshing machine, was born on 5 May 1719, probably at Saltoun, Haddingtonshire. He was one of at least two brothers. His father, James Meikle, wright in Nether Keith, Haddingtonshire, working on behalf of Henry Fletcher...