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Buck, Samuel (1696–1779), topographical draughtsman, engraver, and print publisher, is usually said to have been born in Richmond, Yorkshire, though firm evidence of his birth place is lacking. Hauxwell, 4½ miles south of Richmond, has also been suggested. His father was living near ...

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Cavendish [née Hervey; other married name Foster], Elizabeth Christiana, duchess of Devonshire (1757–1824), society hostess and patron of the arts, was the middle daughter of Frederick Augustus Hervey, fourth earl of Bristol (1730–1803), and his wife, Elizabeth Davers (1730–1800), and was known for most her life as ...

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Clark, Kenneth Mackenzie, Baron Clark (1903–1983), art patron and historian, was born at 32 Grosvenor Square, London, on 13 July 1903, the only child of Kenneth Mackenzie Clark and his wife, (Margaret) Alice, daughter of James McArthur of Manchester and formerly of Paisley...

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Dalton, Richard (c. 1715–1791), art dealer and librarian, was the son of the Revd John Dalton of Darlington, co. Durham, and younger brother of the Revd John Dalton, rector of St Mary-at-Hill, London. Dalton was apparently apprenticed to a coach-painter at Clerkenwell, London...

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Elmhirst [née Whitney], Dorothy Payne (1887–1968), patron of education and the arts, was born at 1731 I Street, in Washington, DC, United States of America, on 23 January 1887, the fifth and youngest child of William Collins Whitney (1841–1904), statesman and company promoter, and his first wife, ...

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Fitzwilliam, Richard, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816), benefactor and musical antiquary, was born on 1 August 1745 at Richmond, Surrey, the eldest son of Richard Fitzwilliam, sixth Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (d. 1776), and Catherine (c.1710–1786), eldest daughter and coheir of the Dutch-born merchant and political economist ...

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Harley, Edward, second earl of Oxford and Mortimer (1689–1741), book collector and patron of the arts, was born on 2 June 1689, the only son of Robert Harley, first earl of Oxford and Mortimer (1661–1724), politician, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d...

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Herbert, William (1718–1795), bibliographer and printseller, was born on 29 November 1718, the second of five children of Thomas Herbert (c.1691–1721), a dyer and hosier of Gravel Lane, Southwark, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1748). His parents were Londoners and Presbyterians. What is known of his first thirty years derives from ...

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Mayer, Joseph (1803–1886), collector of antiquities and works of art, was born on 23 February 1803 at Thistlebury House, Newcastle under Lyme, Staffordshire, fourth son and the sixth of eleven children of Samuel Mayer (1767–1838), tanner, currier, and mayor of Newcastle under Lyme...

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Mead, Richard (1673–1754), physician and collector of books and art, was born at Worcester House, Stepney, Middlesex, on 11 August 1673, the eleventh child of thirteen of Matthew Meade (1628/9–1699), a nonconforming minister, and his wife, Elizabeth Walton (d. 1707). Matthew Meade...

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Musgrave, Sir William, sixth baronet (1735–1800), administrator, print collector, and antiquary, was born on 8 October 1735 at Hayton Castle, Cumberland, the sixth of the seven children of Sir Richard Musgrave, fourth baronet (c. 1701–1739), and his wife, Anne, née Hylton (1697–1766)...

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Perrins, (Charles William) Dyson (1864–1958), book and porcelain collector and benefactor, was born in the parish of Claines, near Worcester, on 25 May 1864, the only son of James Dyson Perrins (1823–1887) and his wife and cousin, Frances Sarah (d. 1918), daughter of ...

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Pretty [née Dempster], Edith May (1883–1942), landowner and benefactor, was born on 1 August 1883 at Elland, near Halifax, Yorkshire, the second daughter of Robert Dempster (d. 1925), then a gas engineer employed in his father's company, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Roscoe, William (1753–1831), historian and patron of the arts, was born on 8 March 1753 at the Old Bowling Green House, Mount Pleasant, Liverpool, the only son of William Roscoe (bap. 1714, d. 1793), innkeeper, and his wife, Elizabeth (1719–1771), daughter of ...

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Russell [née Harington], Lucy, countess of Bedford (bap. 1581, d. 1627), courtier and patron of the arts, was baptized on 25 January 1581 at St Dunstan and All Saints, Stepney, Middlesex, the elder daughter of John Harington, first Baron Harington of Exton...

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Schreiber [née Bertie; other married name Guest], Lady Charlotte Elizabeth (1812–1895), translator, businesswoman, and collector, eldest child of Albemarle Bertie, ninth earl of Lindsey (1744–1818), former army general and tory MP for Stamford, and his second wife, Charlotte Susanna Elizabeth, née Layard (1780–1858)...

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Smithson [formerly Macie], James Lewis (1764–1829), mineralogist and benefactor, was born Jacques Louis Macie in Paris in early 1764, the illegitimate son of a long-term liaison between Hugh Percy (formerly Smithson), second earl and later first duke of Northumberland (bap. 1712, d. 1786)...

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Sowerby, James (1757–1822), natural history artist, publisher, and collector, was born on 21 March 1757, at 2 Bolt-in-Tun Passage, Fleet Street, London, the son of John Sowerby (1719–1766), a lapidary, and his wife, Arabella Goodreed (1725–1782). He was educated at a day school, where he often made models during his lessons that he could sell. When he was fourteen friends provided ...

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Townshend, Chauncy Hare (1798–1868), poet and collector, was born on 20 April 1798, the only son (he had a younger sister) of Henry Hare Townsend (1765?–1827) of Busbridge Hall, Godalming, and Walpole, Norfolk, and his wife, Charlotte Winter Lake (c.1770–1831), daughter of ...