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Bentinck, Margaret Cavendish [née Lady Margaret Cavendish Harley], duchess of Portland (1715–1785), collector of art and natural history specimens and patron of arts and sciences, was born on 11 February 1715 in London, the only surviving child of Edward Harley, later second earl of Oxford...

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Boyle [née Monckton], Mary [Maria], countess of Cork and Orrery (1746–1840), literary hostess, was born on 21 May 1746, the youngest child and only surviving daughter of John Monckton, first Viscount Galway (1695–1751) and his second wife, Jane (d. 1788), fourth daughter of ...

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Burdett [née Francis], Jane, Lady Burdett (d. 1637), literary patron, was the only daughter and heir of William Francis of Foremark, near Repton, Derbyshire, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of William Francis of Ticknall. Details of her early life are unknown. In 1602 she married ...

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Cavendish [née Hervey; other married name Foster], Elizabeth Christiana, duchess of Devonshire (1757–1824), society hostess and patron of the arts, was the middle daughter of Frederick Augustus Hervey, fourth earl of Bristol (1730–1803), and his wife, Elizabeth Davers (1730–1800), and was known for most her life as ...

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Cavendish, William, first duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (bap. 1593, d. 1676), writer, patron, and royalist army officer, was born at Handsworth Manor, Yorkshire, and was baptized in the parish on 16 December 1593. He was the second of three children, the first having died in infancy, of ...

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Charteris [née Wyndham], Mary Constance, countess of Wemyss (1862–1937), hostess, was born on 3 August 1862 at 44 Belgrave Square, London, the eldest of the five children of the Hon. Percy Wyndham (1835–1911), second son of the first Lord Leconfield, and his wife, ...

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Compton, Spencer Joshua Alwyne, second marquess of Northampton (1790–1851), patron of science and the arts, was born on 2 January 1790 at Erlestoke Park, Wiltshire, the second son of Charles Compton, ninth earl and first marquess of Northampton, and Mary, only daughter of ...

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Gregory [née Persse], (Isabella) Augusta, Lady Gregory (1852–1932), playwright, folklorist, and literary patron, was born on 15 March 1852, at Roxborough House, near Loughrea, co. Galway, Ireland, the twelfth of sixteen children of Dudley Persse (1802–1878), and his second wife, Frances, née...

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Harley, Edward, second earl of Oxford and Mortimer (1689–1741), book collector and patron of the arts, was born on 2 June 1689, the only son of Robert Harley, first earl of Oxford and Mortimer (1661–1724), politician, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d...

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Herbert [née Sidney], Mary, countess of Pembroke (1561–1621), writer and literary patron, was born on 27 October 1561 at Tickenhall, near Bewdley, Worcestershire, the third daughter of Sir Henry Sidney (1529–1586) and Lady Mary Sidney (1530x35–1586), who was the daughter of John Dudley, ...

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Herbert, William, third earl of Pembroke (1580–1630), courtier and patron of the arts, was the son of Henry Herbert, second earl of Pembroke (b. in or after 1538, d. 1601), and his third wife, Mary Sidney (1561–1621) [see Herbert, Mary, countess of Pembroke...

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Jennens, Charles (1700/01–1773), patron of the arts and librettist, was born probably at Gopsall Hall, Leicestershire, the son of Charles Jennens (bap. 1662, d. 1747), gentleman and JP, son of the Birmingham ironmaster Humphrey Jennens, and his second wife, Elizabeth Burdett (1667–1707/8)...

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Luttrell, Sir Geoffrey (1276–1345), landowner and patron of the Luttrell psalter, lord of Irnham, Lincolnshire, was the son of Sir Robert Luttrell of Irnham (c.1255–1297) and his wife, Joan. Her parentage is unknown; she was still living in June 1320. Luttrell...

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Mohl [née Clarke], Mary Elizabeth (1793–1883), salon hostess and author, was born on 22 February 1793 in Millbank Row, Westminster, London, youngest child of an Anglo-Irish builder, Charles Clarke (d. 1809), and his Scottish wife, Elizabeth Hay (d. 1846). A brother died in infancy; a sister, ...

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Montagu [née Robinson], Elizabeth (1718–1800), author and literary hostess, was born at York on 2 October 1718, the first daughter and fifth child of Matthew Robinson (1694–1778) of Edgeley and West Layton, Yorkshire, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1697–1746), daughter of ...

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Morrell [née Cavendish-Bentinck], Lady Ottoline Violet Anne (1873–1938), literary hostess, was born at 5 Portman Square, London, on 16 June 1873, the youngest child and only daughter of Lieutenant-General Arthur Cavendish-Bentinck (1819–1877) and his second wife, Augusta Mary Elizabeth Browne (1834–1893). Her mother was the younger daughter of ...

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Roscoe, William (1753–1831), historian and patron of the arts, was born on 8 March 1753 at the Old Bowling Green House, Mount Pleasant, Liverpool, the only son of William Roscoe (bap. 1714, d. 1793), innkeeper, and his wife, Elizabeth (1719–1771), daughter of ...

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Russell [née Harington], Lucy, countess of Bedford (bap. 1581, d. 1627), courtier and patron of the arts, was baptized on 25 January 1581 at St Dunstan and All Saints, Stepney, Middlesex, the elder daughter of John Harington, first Baron Harington of Exton...

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Barbara Brandon Schnorrenberg

Vesey, Elizabeth (c. 1715–1791), literary hostess, was probably born in Ireland. She was the second daughter of Sir Thomas Vesey, bt, bishop of Ossory (1672/3–1730), and his wife, Mary (d. 1746), daughter and heir of Denny Muschamp of Horsley, Surrey. The Veseys...

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Walpole, Horatio [Horace], fourth earl of Orford (1717–1797), author, politician, and patron of the arts, was born on 24 September 1717 at his father's house in Arlington Street, Piccadilly, Westminster. The father was Robert Walpole, first earl of Orford (1676–1745), already a leading whig politician and on his way to becoming ...