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Beatty, Sir Edward Wentworth (1877–1943), railway entrepreneur in Canada, was born at Thorold, Ontario, on 16 October 1877, the third son and fourth child of Henry Beatty, shipowner, and his wife, Harriett M. Powell. He was educated at Upper Canada College and at the ...

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Bennie, George (1891–1957), inventor, was born on 29 August 1891 in Auldhousefield, Harriet Street, Pollokshaws, near Glasgow, the second of four children of John Bennie of John Bennie Ltd, general and hydraulic engineers, and his second wife, Elizabeth Gillespie. His father, who owned the ...

Article

G. C. Boase

revised by Philip S. Bagwell

Bradshaw, George (1801–1853), compiler of railway guides, only son of Thomas Bradshaw and his wife, Mary Rogers, was born at Windsor Bridge, Pendleton, Salford, Lancashire, on 29 July 1801. His parents, although of limited means, gave him a good education, placing him under the care of a ...

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Campbell, Frederick Archibald Vaughan, third Earl Cawdor (1847–1911), politician and railway administrator, was born on 13 February 1847 at St Leonard's Hill, Windsor, the eldest child of John Frederick Vaughan Campbell, second Earl Cawdor (1817–1898) and his first wife, Sarah, daughter of the ...

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Crampton, Thomas Russell (1816–1888), railway and civil engineer, was born on 6 August 1816, at Broadstairs, Kent, the son of John Crampton and his wife, Mary. He received his education at a private school. In 1831 he was articled to John Hague, engineer, of ...

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Gooch, Sir Daniel, first baronet (1816–1889), railway engineer and executive, was born at Bedlington, Northumberland, on 24 August 1816, the third son of John Gooch (1763–1833) and his wife, Anna Longridge (1783–1863). His father was the cashier and bookkeeper at the Bedlington ironworks, where ...

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Hudson, George [called the Railway King] (1800–1871), railway promoter and fraudster, was born in March 1800 at Howsham, about 12 miles north-east of York, the fifth son of a farmer who died in 1806. He went to local schools and in 1815 was apprenticed to ...

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Huish, Mark (1808–1867), railway manager, was born on 9 March 1808 at Nottingham, the elder son of Mark Huish, a hosier, and Eliza, the daughter of John Gainsford of Worksop. His father was for many years deputy lieutenant of Nottinghamshire, and a staunch member of the congregation of the ...

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Morton, Sir (Robert) Alastair Newton (1938–2004), businessman, was born in Johannesburg, South Africa, on 11 January 1938, the son of Henry Newton Morton, an oil executive who had emigrated from Scotland to South Africa, and his Afrikaner wife, Elizabeth Martino, daughter of Vintcent van der Bijl...

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Neilson, Walter Montgomerie (1819–1889), railway locomotive manufacturer, was born in Cowcaddens, Glasgow, on 28 November 1819, the eldest son of James Beaumont Neilson (1792–1865), engineer and inventor, and his first wife, Barbara Montgomerie (1796–1843). Patent royalties from his father's invention of a process to convert blackband ironstone into pig-iron by introducing a blast of hot air into a furnace enabled the purchase in 1851 of the ...

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Parker, Sir Peter (1924–2002), businessman, was born in Malo-les-Bains, near Dunkirk, France, on 30 August 1924, the third son of Tom Parker, a marine engineer born in Hull, and his wife, Dorothy Sydney, née Mackinlay, a teacher. Both his brothers died during the Second World War. He spent half of his childhood in ...

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A. F. Pollard and Charlotte Fell-Smith

revised by M. W. Kirby

Pease, Edward (1767–1858), woollen manufacturer and railway promoter, born at Darlington on 31 May 1767, was the eldest son of Joseph Pease, woollen manufacturer, and his wife, Mary Richardson. A brother, Joseph (1772–1846), was one of the founders of the Peace Society in 1817, and a supporter of the ...

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Peto, Sir (Samuel) Morton, first baronet (1809–1889), contractor for railways and public works, was born on 4 August 1809 at Whitmoor House, Woking, Surrey, the eldest son of William Peto (d. 1849) of Cookham, Berkshire, farmer, and his wife, Sophia, daughter of ...

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Speyer, Sir Edgar, baronet (1862–1932), railway financier and patron of music, was born in New York on 7 September 1862, the second son of Gustavus Speyer, a Jewish banker, of Frankfurt, and his wife, Sophia, daughter of Rudolph Rubino, of Fritzlar, Prussia, and ...

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Stephenson, George (1781–1848), colliery and railway engineer, was born at Wylam, 8 miles from Newcastle upon Tyne in the county of Northumberland, on 9 June 1781. He was the second son of Robert Stephenson, foreman at the Wylam colliery pumping engine. His mother, ...

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Stephenson, Robert (1803–1859), railway and civil engineer, was born on 16 October 1803 at Willington Quay, near Newcastle upon Tyne, the only son of George Stephenson (1781–1848), colliery and railway engineer, and his wife, Frances Henderson (1769–1806), a farm servant. In 1804, after his father's appointment as brakesman to the ...