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Albone, Daniel [Dan] (1860–1906), cycle and motor tractor manufacturer, was born at the Ongley Arms inn, Shortmead Street, Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, on 12 September 1860, the fourth son and youngest of eight children of Edward Albone (d. 1864), publican and market gardener, and his wife, ...

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Bates, Sir Percy Elly, fourth baronet (1879–1946), merchant and shipowner, was born at Beechenhurst, Wavertree, Liverpool, on 12 May 1879, the second of seven sons of Edward Percy Bates (1845–1899), who became second baronet, and his wife, Constance Elisabeth, daughter of Samuel Robert Graves...

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Bell, Henry (1767–1830), hotelier and developer of steam navigation, was born at Torphichen Mill, Linlithgowshire, on 7 April 1767, the fifth son of Patrick Bell and his wife, Margaret Easton. He was educated at the village school and then in Falkirk. Despite the reputation of Scottish schools, his education served him badly and for the rest of his life he was unable to spell and made many grammatical errors in his extensive correspondence. At the age of thirteen he was apprenticed as a stonemason and then in 1783 as a millwright—two trades much in demand at a time when Scottish industry was growing rapidly. In 1786 he began work in the shipyard of ...

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Butterworth, William (1769–1834), slave-ship sailor and engraver, was born on 2 October 1769 at 55 Kirkgate, Leeds, Yorkshire, the second of five children of the Leeds engraver and copperplate printer John Butterworth, who had set up in business in Leeds in 1758. William...

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Dowty, Sir George Herbert (1901–1975), aeronautical engineer and industrialist, was born on 27 April 1901 at Pershore, Worcestershire, the son of William Dowty, a druggist and chemist in Pershore, and his wife, Laura Masters. He was the elder of twin boys by half an hour and the seventh son in the family. The twins were educated in a small private school in ...

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Edwards, Sir George Robert (1908–2003), aircraft designer and industrialist, was born on 9 July 1908 at 12 The Parade, Highams Park, Walthamstow, Essex, the son of Edwin George Edwards (1872–1938), a tobacconist and confectioner, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth (1872–1908), daughter of Robert Freeman...

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Egerton, Francis, third duke of Bridgewater (1736–1803), canal promoter and colliery owner, was born on 21 May 1736 and baptized the following month at St James's, Piccadilly, London. He was the youngest of eleven children of Scroop Egerton, first duke of Bridgewater (1681–1745)...

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Furness, Christopher, first Baron Furness (1852–1912), shipowner and industrialist, was born on 23 April 1852 at West Hartlepool, the seventh son of John Furness (1808–1885), provision merchant, and his wife, Averill, daughter of John Wilson of Naisbet Hall, co. Durham. John Furness worked as a coal trimmer on the local railway line until 1850 when he founded a grocery and provisioning business in ...

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Hawley, John, the elder (c. 1350–1408), pirate, merchant, and administrator, of Dartmouth, Devon, was the younger son of the first John Hawley who settled in Dartmouth some time before 1340. Hawley was elected mayor for the first time in 1374—the beginning of a career which would make him the richest and most important man in ...

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Hingley, Noah (1796–1877), ironmaster and manufacturer of chain cables, was born at Rowley, Staffordshire, on 7 March 1796, the son of Isaac Hingley and his wife, Esther, née Willetts. The surname of Hingley, largely confined to the Black Country, was reputed to be derived from Huguenot antecedents. Following his father's trade, ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Dorian Gerhold

Hobson, Thomas (1545–1631), carrier, was the elder son of Thomas Hobson and his wife, Elinor. His birthplace has been stated as Buntingford, Hertfordshire, on the strength of his father's having been born there, but a note on the back of a contemporary petition relating to ...

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Keith, Kenneth Alexander, Baron Keith of Castleacre (1916–2004), merchant banker and industrialist, was born on 30 August 1916 at the Wicken House, Castle Acre, Norfolk, the elder of the two sons of Edward Charles Keith (1877–1972), farmer and natural history author, and his wife, ...

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Marshall, Sir Arthur Gregory George (1903–2007), aviator, pilot instructor, and industrialist, was born at Gregory Villa, De Freville Avenue, Chesterton, Cambridge, on 4 December 1903, the eldest of the eight children of David Gregory Marshall (1873–1942), college servant, later steward of the Pitt Club, Cambridge...

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Masefield, Sir Peter Gordon (1914–2006), aeronautical engineer, journalist, and industrialist, was born at Tolima, Albert Road, Trentham, Staffordshire, on 19 March 1914, the son of William Gordon Masefield (1885–1974), a doctor specializing in mental health, and his wife, Marian Ada (1885–1976), daughter of ...

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McAdam, John Loudon (1756–1836), builder and administrator of roads, was born in the west-coast town of Ayr, at 22 Sandgate, on 21 September 1756, the youngest child and second son of James McAdam of Waterhead (c.1718–1770), and his wife, Susannah Cochrane (...

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Morton, Sir (Robert) Alastair Newton (1938–2004), businessman, was born in Johannesburg, South Africa, on 11 January 1938, the son of Henry Newton Morton, an oil executive who had emigrated from Scotland to South Africa, and his Afrikaner wife, Elizabeth Martino, daughter of Vintcent van der Bijl...

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Palmer, Sir Charles Mark, first baronet (1822–1907), coal-owner, ironmaster and shipbuilder, was born on 3 November 1822 at King Street, South Shields, the fourth child of seven sons and one daughter of George Palmer (1789–1866), a Tyneside merchant and shipowner, and his wife, ...

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Parker, Sir Peter (1924–2002), businessman, was born in Malo-les-Bains, near Dunkirk, France, on 30 August 1924, the third son of Tom Parker, a marine engineer born in Hull, and his wife, Dorothy Sydney, née Mackinlay, a teacher. Both his brothers died during the Second World War. He spent half of his childhood in ...

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A. F. Pollard and Charlotte Fell-Smith

revised by M. W. Kirby

Pease, Edward (1767–1858), woollen manufacturer and railway promoter, born at Darlington on 31 May 1767, was the eldest son of Joseph Pease, woollen manufacturer, and his wife, Mary Richardson. A brother, Joseph (1772–1846), was one of the founders of the Peace Society in 1817, and a supporter of the ...

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Peto, Sir (Samuel) Morton, first baronet (1809–1889), contractor for railways and public works, was born on 4 August 1809 at Whitmoor House, Woking, Surrey, the eldest son of William Peto (d. 1849) of Cookham, Berkshire, farmer, and his wife, Sophia, daughter of ...