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Acland, Sir Richard Thomas Dyke, fifteenth baronet (1906–1990), politician and benefactor, was born on 26 November 1906 at Broadclyst, Devon, his ancestral home, the eldest in the family of three sons and one daughter of Sir Francis Dyke Acland, fourteenth baronet (1874–1939), landowner and liberal politician, and his wife, ...

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Ashley, John [Jack], Baron Ashley of Stoke (1922–2012), politician, was born on 6 December 1922 at 34 Wellington Street, Widnes, Lancashire, the son of John Ashley (d. 1927), a labourer in a chemical works, and a devout Catholic, and his wife, Isabella, ...

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Babington, Thomas (1758–1837), philanthropist and politician, was born on 18 December 1758, the eldest son and heir of Thomas Babington (1715–1776), of Rothley Temple, Rothley, Leicestershire, and his wife, Lydia (1726/7–1791), daughter of Joseph Cardale, vicar of Hinckley. After education at Rugby School...

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Bondfield, Margaret Grace (1873–1953), trade unionist, campaigner for women's interests, and politician, was born on 17 March 1873 at Chard, Somerset, the tenth of eleven children and third of four daughters of William Bondfield (1814–1901), foreman laceworker, and his wife, Anne Taylor (1827?–1911)...

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Brabazon, Reginald, twelfth earl of Meath (1841–1929), politician and philanthropist, was born on 31 July 1841 in a house near Belgrave Square, London, the second son of William Brabazon (1803–1887), styled Lord Brabazon and from 1851 eleventh earl of Meath, and his wife, ...

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Buxton, Sir Thomas Fowell, first baronet (1786–1845), politician and philanthropist, born on 1 April 1786, was the eldest son of Thomas Fowell Buxton, of Earl's Colne, Essex, and his wife, Anna, daughter of Osgood Hanbury, of Holfield Grange, in the same county. His mother, who was a member of the ...

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Caine, William Sproston (1842–1903), politician and temperance advocate, born at Egremont, Wallasey, Cheshire, on 26 March 1842, was the eldest surviving son of Nathaniel Caine JP (d. 1877), metal merchant, and his wife, Hannah (d. 1861), daughter of William Rushton of ...

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Calthorpe family (per. 1717–1910), landowners, politicians, and Birmingham benefactors, sustained for almost exactly 200 years a significant territorial link with the city, in ways, and to an extent, that have not been true of any other local dynasty in modern times, and those links continued throughout the twentieth century....

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Clive, Robert George Windsor-, first earl of Plymouth (1857–1923), politician and philanthropist, was born in John Street, Berkeley Square, on 27 August 1857, the only son of the Hon. Robert Windsor-Clive (1824–1859), Conservative MP for Ludlow (1852–4) and South Shropshire (1854–9), and his wife, ...

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Cooper, Anthony Ashley-, seventh earl of Shaftesbury (1801–1885), philanthropist and politician, was born on 28 April 1801 at 24 Grosvenor Square, London, the fourth child and eldest son of Cropley Ashley-Cooper, sixth earl of Shaftesbury (1768–1851) from 1811 and chairman of committees in the ...

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Corry, Montagu William Lowry, Baron Rowton (1838–1903), politician and philanthropist, was born in London on 8 October 1838, the third of four children (second of two sons) of Henry Thomas Lowry Corry (1803–1873) and his wife, Lady Harriet Anne Ashley-Cooper (d. 1868)...

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Courtenay, William Reginald, eleventh earl of Devon (1807–1888), politician and philanthropist, eldest son of William Courtenay, tenth earl (d. 19 March 1859), and his first wife, Lady Harriet Leslie, daughter of Sir Lucas Pepys, bt, was born in Charlotte Street, Bedford Square, London...

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Lawson, Sir Wilfrid, second baronet (1829–1906), politician and temperance campaigner, born on 4 September 1829 at his father's house, Brayton, near Carlisle, was the eldest son in a family of four sons and four daughters of Sir Wilfrid Lawson, first baronet (1795–1867), and his wife, ...

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Mann [née Stewart], Jean [Janet] (1889–1964), politician and housing reformer, was born Janet Stewart, at 22 Calder Street, Polmadie, east Renfrewshire, on 2 July 1889. She was the daughter of William Stewart, an iron moulder and active trade unionist, who was an enduring influence on her radical outlook, and his wife, ...

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McGovern, John (1887–1968), politician and moral re-armament campaigner, was born in Coatbridge, Lanarkshire, on 13 December 1887, one of six children of Thomas McGovern, steel smelter, and his wife, Agnes McInally, a textile mill worker. In 1895 the family moved to Shettleston, a mining community that was later incorporated into ...

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Morley, Samuel (1809–1886), businessman, politician, and philanthropist, born in Well Street, Hackney, on 15 October 1809, was the youngest child of John Morley of Sneinton, Nottingham, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Richard Poulton of Maidenhead. The Morley family manufactured hosiery in Nottingham...

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Morris, Alfred, Baron Morris of Manchester (1928–2012), politician and campaigner for disability rights, was born at 34 Grace Street, Manchester, on 23 March 1928, one of eight children (and the youngest of six boys) of George Henry Morris (1891–1935), coachpainter and sign writer, and his wife, ...

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O'Mahony [formerly Mahony], Pierce Charles de Lacy (1850–1930), politician and philanthropist, was born in Dublin to a Church of Ireland family on 9 June 1850, the second surviving son of Peirce Kenifeck Mahony (1817–1850), a landlord and barrister, of Kilmorna, co. Kerry...

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Pakenham, Francis Aungier [Frank], first Baron Pakenham and seventh earl of Longford (1905–2001), politician, writer, and philanthropist, was born at 7 Great Cumberland Place, London, on 5 December 1905, the younger son and third of the six children of Thomas Pakenham, fifth earl of Longford...

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Plimsoll, Samuel (1824–1898), politician and shipping reformer, was born on 10 February 1824 at 3 Colston's Parade, Bristol, the eighth of thirteen children born to Thomas Plimsoll (1785–1844), clerk in the Excise Office, and his wife, Priscilla (1789–1863), formerly Willing. Soon after his birth ...