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Ashby, Eric, Baron Ashby (1904–1992), botanist and university administrator, was born on 24 August 1904 at 12 Fairlop Road, north Leyton, London, the eldest of three sons of Herbert Charles Ashby, commercial clerk (and later accountant), and his wife, Helëna Maria, née Chater...

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Atkins [née Children], Anna (1799–1871), botanist and photographic artist, was born on 16 March 1799 in Tonbridge, Kent, the only child of John George Children (1777–1852), scientist, and his wife, Hester Anne Holwell (d. 1800). Some aspects of her early life are suggested in her pseudo-anonymous biography of her father, but otherwise little is known. ...

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Balfour, John Hutton (1808–1884), botanist, was born in Edinburgh on 15 September 1808, the eldest son of Andrew Balfour, an army surgeon who later settled in that city as a printer and publisher, and Magdalene, daughter of the Revd George Goldie, an Edinburgh...

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Benson, Margaret Jane (1859–1936), botanist and palaeontologist, was born on 20 October 1859 in London, the sixth of the nine children of William Benson, architect and civil engineer, and his wife, Edmunda, daughter of landscape painter James Bourne. The family moved to Norton House, Hertford...

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Bentham, George (1800–1884), botanist, was born in Stoke, near Plymouth, on 22 September 1800, the third of five children of Samuel Bentham (1757–1831) and Maria Sophia Fordyce (1765–1858). His parents were both active in intellectual circles. Samuel Bentham, a naval engineer and inventor, travelled widely on government service in ...

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Borrer, William (1781–1862), botanist, was born at Henfield, Sussex, on 13 June 1781, the eldest of the three sons of William Borrer of Hurstpierpoint, landowner and sometime high sheriff of Sussex, and his wife, Mary, daughter and coheir of Nathaniel Lindfield of Dean House...

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Britten, James (1846–1924), botanist and Roman Catholic propagandist, was born on 3 May 1846 at 18 Shawfield Street, Chelsea, London, the son of James Alexander Britten, bookseller, and his wife, Mary Ann (née Shepard). His father was a prominent active member of the local community, and ...

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Brown, Robert (1773–1858), botanist, was born at Montrose on 21 December 1773, second and only surviving son of the Revd James Brown (1734?–1791), an Episcopalian, and his wife, Helen, daughter of Robert Taylor, a Presbyterian minister. After beginning his education at home, Brown...

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Clarke, Charles Baron (1832–1906), botanist, was born on 17 June 1832 at Andover, Hampshire, the eldest son of Turner Poulter Clarke JP, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of James Parker and Elizabeth Ward. Botany ran in the family: his father's mother, Elizabeth Baron...

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Coffin, Albert Isaiah (1790/91–1866), medical botanist, claimed to have been born in Ohio, USA, in 1798, but his death certificate suggests 1790 or 1791. Coffin's early life is obscure. According to his own account he received some formal medical instruction at an early age but had to withdraw from study because of an illness which orthodox physicians failed to cure. He recovered after being treated by a Native American woman who had called at his home. ...

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Darwin, Sir Francis (1848–1925), botanist, was born on 16 August 1848 at Downe, Kent, the seventh of the ten children of Charles Robert Darwin (1809–1882), the naturalist, and his wife, Emma (1808–1896), daughter of Josiah Wedgwood (1769–1843) and granddaughter of Josiah Wedgwood (1730–1795)...

Article

G. S. Boulger

revised by D. J. Mabberley

Dillenius, Johann Jakob (1687–1747), botanist, was born at Darmstadt where his family, formerly Dill and later Dillen, civil servants in the state of Hesse, had settled at the end of the sixteenth century; his mother was the daughter of Danile Funk, clergyman. His father was professor of medicine at the ...

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Drew [married name Baker], Kathleen Mary (1901–1957), phycologist, was born at Cleeve House, Windermere Road, Leigh, Lancashire, on 6 November 1901, eldest daughter of Walter Drew (1873–1949), who was then a commercial traveller for an agricultural implement manufacturer (he later became chairman of a farm machinery company), and his wife, ...

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Druce, George Claridge (1850–1932), botanist, was born at Potterspury, south Northamptonshire, on 23 May 1850, the illegitimate son of Jane Druce, who came of farming stock from Woughton on the Green, Buckinghamshire. Little is known of his early life: circumstances were evidently difficult for his mother and in 1855 she took a situation in the nearby village of ...

Article

G. S. Boulger

revised by Margot Walker

Dryander, Jonas Carlsson (1748–1810), botanist and librarian, was born on 5 March 1748 in Göteborg, Sweden, son of Carl Leonard Dryander (d. 1757), lecturer, and Brita Maria Montin. His uncle, Dr Lars Montin, a botanist and pupil of Linnaeus, advised him on his education after the early death of his father. After attending school in ...

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Duncan, John (1794–1881), hand-loom weaver and botanist, was born on 19 December 1794 at Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, the illegitimate son of John Duncan, weaver and soldier, from Drumlithie, and Ann Caird (c.1773–c.1830), also of Drumlithie, who decided to support herself and her child by weaving stockings and harvesting at nearby ...

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Dyer, Sir William Turner Thiselton- (1843–1928), botanist, was born on 28 July 1843 at Westminster, the elder son of William George Thiselton Dyer (1812–1868), physician, and his wife, Catherine Jane, daughter of Thomas Firminger, assistant at Greenwich observatory. He attended King's College School...

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Frankland [née Brown], Juliet Camilla (1929–2013), mycologist, was born on 30 January 1929 at High Barn Eaves, Effingham, Dorking, Surrey, the younger daughter of Walter Henry Brown (1893/4–1956), a civil servant in the Ministry of Works, and his wife, Gerda Lois, née...

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Fryer, Alfred (1826–1912), botanist, was born at Chatteris in the Cambridgeshire fens on 25 December 1826, probably at 87 Park Street, the younger son and at least fifth child of Daniel Fryer (d. after 1861), a gentleman farmer and later also partner in a brewery, and ...

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Gates, Reginald Ruggles (1882–1962), botanist and geneticist, was born on 1 May 1882 near Middleton, Nova Scotia, the eldest son of Andreas Bohaker Gates and his wife, Charlotte Elizabeth Ruggles. The Gates family was descended from Stephen Gates of Higham, Essex, who emigrated to ...