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Bamford, Joseph Cyril (1916–2001), engineer and businessman, was born on 21 June 1916 at The Parks, New Road, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, the son of Cyril Joseph Bamford, agricultural engineer, and his wife, Dolores Alice, née Turner. His family controlled and managed a long-established farm machinery business. The company, which manufactured balers and other equipment, had been started by his great-great-grandfather in 1812. He was brought up a Roman Catholic. After education at ...

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G. P. Bulman

revised by Anita McConnell

Buchanan, Sir John Scoular (1883–1966), aeronautical engineer, was born at Cambuslang, Lanarkshire, on 23 November 1883, the son of Joseph Buchanan, a steel smelter, and his wife, Janet M. Scoular Hogg. They also had another son and a daughter who emigrated to Canada...

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Denly, Albert William [Bert] (1900–1989), motorcycle racer and motor engineer, was born in Wisley, Surrey, on 1 June 1900, the only son of James Denly (d. 1918), a bricklayer's labourer on the Wisley estate, and his wife, Ellen, née Woolger (1865/6–1920). Aged fourteen he left the local village school to become an apprentice to the butcher in ...

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Dowty, Sir George Herbert (1901–1975), aeronautical engineer and industrialist, was born on 27 April 1901 at Pershore, Worcestershire, the son of William Dowty, a druggist and chemist in Pershore, and his wife, Laura Masters. He was the elder of twin boys by half an hour and the seventh son in the family. The twins were educated in a small private school in ...

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Durrant, Albert Arthur Molteno [Bill] (1898–1984), mechanical engineer and vehicle designer, was born at Wellington Lodge, Gowlett Road, East Dulwich, London, on 11 September 1898, the only child of Arthur Isaac Durrant (1864–1939), staff clerk in the Office of Works, and his wife, ...

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Fedden, Sir (Alfred Hubert) Roy (1885–1973), aeronautical engineer, was born in Stoke Bishop, Bristol, on 6 June 1885, the youngest of three sons (there were no daughters) of Henry Fedden, a Bristol sugar merchant, of St Mary's, Stoke Bishop, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth...

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Gooch, Sir Daniel, first baronet (1816–1889), railway engineer and executive, was born at Bedlington, Northumberland, on 24 August 1816, the third son of John Gooch (1763–1833) and his wife, Anna Longridge (1783–1863). His father was the cashier and bookkeeper at the Bedlington ironworks, where ...

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Hancock, Walter (1799–1852), engineer and inventor of steam carriages, was born on 16 June 1799, the sixth son of James Hancock, a timber merchant and cabinet-maker at Marlborough, Wiltshire. Thomas Hancock (1786–1865), who developed the manufacture of rubber, was his brother. After serving an apprenticeship to a watchmaker and jeweller in ...

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Issigonis, Sir Alexander Arnold Constantine (1906–1988), motor engineer and designer, was born on 18 November 1906 in Smyrna, Turkey, the only child of Constantine Issigonis (1872–1923), a marine engineer resident in Smyrna who was of Greek origin but had British citizenship, and his wife, ...

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King, Charles Spencer [Spen] (1925–2010), automotive engineer, was born on 26 March 1925 at Home Farm House, Shackleford, Surrey, the only son of Charles Francis King, solicitor, and his wife, Muriel Amy, née Wilks. He was educated at Haileybury School, Hertfordshire. In 1942 he entered an apprenticeship with ...

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Neilson, Walter Montgomerie (1819–1889), railway locomotive manufacturer, was born in Cowcaddens, Glasgow, on 28 November 1819, the eldest son of James Beaumont Neilson (1792–1865), engineer and inventor, and his first wife, Barbara Montgomerie (1796–1843). Patent royalties from his father's invention of a process to convert blackband ironstone into pig-iron by introducing a blast of hot air into a furnace enabled the purchase in 1851 of the ...

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Pippard, (Alfred John) Sutton (1891–1969), civil and aeronautical engineer, was born on 6 April 1891 at Yeovil, the eldest child in the family of three sons and two daughters of Alfred Pippard (d. c.1908), a building contractor, and his wife, Alice...

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Shilling [married name Naylor], Beatrice (1909–1990), mechanical and aeronautical engineer, was born at Sydney House, Waterlooville, Hampshire, on 8 March 1909, the youngest of three daughters of Henry Shilling (1852–1936) and his wife, Annie (Nancy), née Dulake (1873–1954...

Article

Gordon Bruce

revised by Robin Higham

Short, (Hugh) Oswald (1883–1969), aeronautical engineer, was born on 16 January 1883 at Stanton by Dale, Derbyshire, the fourth son and fifth child of Samuel Short, engineer, and his second wife, Emma Robinson. His formal education ceased on his father's death but he trained as an engineer by self-help and hands-on instruction from his brothers ...

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Spicer [married name Pearse], Dorothy Norman (1908–1946), aviator and aeronautical engineer, was born on 31 July 1908 at Hadley Wood, Middlesex, the only daughter of Norman Spicer (d. 1936), a stockbroker, and his wife, Hilda Mary Sisterson. She was educated at the ...

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Stephenson, George (1781–1848), colliery and railway engineer, was born at Wylam, 8 miles from Newcastle upon Tyne in the county of Northumberland, on 9 June 1781. He was the second son of Robert Stephenson, foreman at the Wylam colliery pumping engine. His mother, ...

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Wallis, Sir Barnes Neville (1887–1979), aeronautical designer and engineer, was born on 26 September 1887 at Ripley, Derbyshire, the second child in the family of three sons and one daughter of Charles George Wallis, general practitioner, and his wife, Edith Eyre, daughter of the ...

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Whittle, Sir Frank (1907–1996), aeronautical engineer and inventor of the jet engine, was born on 1 June 1907 at 72 Newcombe Road, Earlsdon, Coventry, the eldest of the three children of Moses Whittle (1882–1965), engineer and inventor, and his wife, Sara Alice, née...