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Beauchamp, Richard, thirteenth earl of Warwick (1382–1439), magnate, was the eldest son of Thomas Beauchamp, twelfth earl of Warwick (1337x9–1401), and of Margaret (d. 1407), daughter of William, third Lord Ferrers of Groby.

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Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier, was the second but only surviving son of Sir William Brandon (d. 1485) and his wife, Elizabeth Bruyn (d. 1494) of South Ockendon. The manner of Sir William's death, killed at ...

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Burghersh, Bartholomew, the elder, second Lord Burghersh (d. 1355), magnate and administrator, was a younger son of Robert Burghersh (d. 1306), constable of Dover Castle and warden of the Cinque Ports, and Maud, sister of Bartholomew Badlesmere. Burghersh (after Burwash, Sussex) inherited the modest family estates in ...

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Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician, was the elder surviving son of Colin Campbell, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), and his second wife, Lady Annas or Agnes Keith (c. 1540–1588), eldest daughter of William Keith, fourth Earl Marischal...

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Campbell, John [called Iain Glas], first earl of Breadalbane and Holland (1634–1717), magnate and politician, was born on 29 May 1634 at Stronmillochan, Glenorchy, Argyll, the eldest son of Sir John Campbell of Glenorchy, fourth baronet (d. 1686), and his first wife, ...

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Dudley, Ambrose, earl of Warwick (c. 1530–1590), magnate, was the fourth son of John Dudley, duke of Northumberland (1504–1553), royal minister, and his wife, Jane Dudley (1508/9–1555) [see under Dudley, John, duke of Northumberland], noblewoman, daughter of Sir Edward Guildford of ...

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Dudley, Robert, earl of Leicester (1532/3–1588), courtier and magnate, was born on 24 June 1532 or 1533, the fifth son of John Dudley, duke of Northumberland (1504–1553), royal minister, and his wife, Jane Dudley (1508/9–1555) [see under Dudley, duke of Northumberland (1504–1553)...

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Eustace (II) [Eustace aux Gernons], count of Boulogne (d. c. 1087), magnate, was the eldest son of Eustace (I), count of Boulogne and Lens, and of Matilda, daughter of Lambert, count of Louvain. In 1036, and before his succession to the countship of ...

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Fitzalan, Henry, twelfth earl of Arundel (1512–1580), magnate, was born on 23 April 1512, the only son of William Fitzalan, eleventh earl of Arundel (c.1476–1544), magnate, and his second wife, Anne (b. in or before 1485, d. 1552), daughter of ...

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Fitzwalter, Robert (d. 1235), magnate and rebel, lord of Dunmow, Essex and Baynard's Castle, London, was the son of Walter fitz Robert and Matilda, daughter of Henry II's justiciar Richard de Lucy. Henry I had granted the honours of Dunmow and Baynard's Castle...

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Hamilton, James, second earl of Arran, and duke of Châtelherault in the French nobility (c. 1519–1575), magnate and governor of Scotland, was born at Hamilton, Lanarkshire, the eldest son of James Hamilton, first earl of Arran (1475?–1529), and his second wife, Janet Beaton (...

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Hastings, George, first earl of Huntingdon (1486/7–1544), magnate, was the son of Edward, second Baron Hastings (c.1465–1506), and Mary, Baroness Hungerford (d. c.1530), granddaughter of Robert, third Baron Hungerford. Born four years after the execution of his grandfather, William, ...

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Hepburn, James, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/5–1578), magnate and third consort of Mary, queen of Scots, was the only son of Patrick Hepburn, third earl of Bothwell (d. 1556), and his wife, Agnes Sinclair (d. in or after 1572)...

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Herbert, William, first earl of Pembroke (1506/7–1570), soldier and magnate, was the second son of Richard Herbert (d. 1510) of Ewyas, a gentleman usher to Henry VII, and his second wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir Matthew Cradock of Swansea. His paternal grandfather was ...

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Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), magnate and alleged traitor, was born on 28 June 1557 at Arundel House, the Strand, London, the only child of Thomas Howard, fourth duke of Norfolk (1538–1572), nobleman and courtier, and his first wife, ...

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Howard, Thomas, third duke of Norfolk (1473–1554), magnate and soldier, was the eldest son of Thomas Howard, second duke of Norfolk (1443–1524), and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1497), the daughter of Frederick Tilney of Ashwellthorpe Hall, Norfolk, and widow of Sir Humphrey Bourchier...

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Longespée [Lungespée], William, third earl of Salisbury (b. in or before 1167, d. 1226), magnate, was the natural son of Henry II and Ida de Tosny, probably the daughter of Roger (III) de Tosny, a powerful Anglo-Norman lord, and his wife, also Ida...

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Longespée, Sir William (c. 1209–1250), magnate, was the eldest son and heir of Ela, countess of Salisbury (b. in or after 1190, d. 1261), in whom the earldom was vested, and William (I) Longespée (b. in or before 1167, d. 1226). He had three brothers, of whom the youngest was ...

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Montfort, Simon de, eighth earl of Leicester (c. 1208–1265), magnate and political reformer, was the third son of Simon de Montfort (c.1170–1218), lord of Montfort l'Amaury in the Île-de-France, and of Alice (d. 1221), daughter of Bouchard de Montmorency.

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Mowbray, Thomas, first duke of Norfolk (1366–1399), magnate, was the second son of John (III) Mowbray, fourth Lord Mowbray (1340–1368), and Elizabeth Seagrave (1338–1364×8), granddaughter of Thomas of Brotherton, earl of Norfolk. He was born in 1366, although the usually accepted date, 22 March 1366, seems too early, given that his brother ...