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Brittan, Leon, Baron Brittan of Spennithorne (1939–2015), politician, was born on 25 September 1939 at the City of London Maternity Hospital, 102 City Road, Finsbury, London, the second son of Joseph Brittan (1899–1972), medical practitioner, and his wife, Rebecca (Riva...

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Cavendish, William George Spencer, sixth duke of Devonshire (1790–1858), whig grandee and connoisseur of the arts, only son and youngest of three children of William Cavendish, fifth duke of Devonshire (1748–1811), and Georgiana Cavendish (1757–1806), elder daughter of John Spencer, first Earl Spencer...

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Clarke, George (1661–1736), politician and architect, was born on 7 May 1661 in the old Pall Mall, London, the only surviving child of Sir William Clarke (1623/4–1666), secretary at war to the Commonwealth and Charles II, and his wife, Dorothy (d. 1695)...

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Coke, Thomas, earl of Leicester (1697–1759), politician, architect, and art collector, was born on 17 June 1697, the eldest of the five children of Edward Coke (1676/8–1707), landowner, and his wife, Carey (1680–1707), the daughter of Sir John Newton, third baronet, of Barr's Court, Gloucestershire...

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Erskine, John, styled twenty-second or sixth earl of Mar and Jacobite duke of Mar (bap. 1675, d. 1732), Jacobite army officer, politician, and architect, was born on the lowland family estate at Alloa, Clackmannanshire, and baptized at Alloa parish church on 21 January 1675. He was the first of four surviving children of ...

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Gelder, Sir (William) Alfred (1855–1941), architect and politician, was born on 12 May 1855 at North Cave, East Riding of Yorkshire, the son of William Gelder (1820–1892), joiner, builder, and timber merchant, and his wife, Mary Jane, née Jackson (1816/17–1895). He was educated at a private school at ...

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Howard, Thomas, fourteenth earl of Arundel, fourth earl of Surrey, and first earl of Norfolk (1585–1646), art collector and politician, was born at Finchingfield, Essex, on 7 July 1585, the only son of Philip Howard, thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), and his wife, ...

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Leader, John Temple (1810–1903), politician and connoisseur of the arts, born at his father's country house, Putney Hill Villa, sometimes called Lower House, on 7 May 1810, was the younger son (in a family of two sons and four daughters) of William Leader (1767–1828)...

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Long, Charles, Baron Farnborough (1760–1838), politician and connoisseur of the arts, was born in the City of London in January 1760, the fourth son of Beeston Long, the head of a well-known firm of West Indies merchants in the City. A senior branch of the family, established at ...

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Lowther, Claude William Henry (1870–1929), politician and art connoisseur, was born at Binstead on the Isle of Wight on 26 June 1870, the third child and only son of Francis William Lowther (1841–1908), an officer in the Royal Navy, and his wife, Louise Beatrice de Fonblanque...

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Newdigate, Sir Roger, fifth baronet (1719–1806), politician and architect, was born on 20 May 1719 at his family's seat, Arbury Hall, Warwickshire, the seventh son and the youngest of the eleven children of Sir Richard Newdigate, third baronet (1668–1727), landowner, and his second wife, ...

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Rothschild, Ferdinand James Anselm de, Baron de Rothschild in the nobility of the Austrian empire (1839–1898), art collector and politician, was born in Paris on 17 December 1839, the fifth of seven surviving children of Baron Anselm Salomon de Rothschild (1803–1874), banker, and his wife, ...

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Stone, Sir (John) Benjamin (1838–1914), photographer and politician, was born on 9 February 1838 at Birmingham, the son of Benjamin Stone, a glass manufacturer, and his wife, Rebecca, the daughter of Richard Matthews of Cookley, Worcestershire. Little is known about his parents, although his father's company was in ...

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Townshend, George, first Marquess Townshend (1724–1807), politician and caricaturist, was born on 28 February 1724 in London, the eldest son of Charles Townshend, third Viscount Townshend (1700–1764) [see under Townshend, Charles, second Viscount Townshend], politician, and his wife, Etheldreda Townshend (c. 1708–1788)...

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Walpole, Horatio [Horace], fourth earl of Orford (1717–1797), author, politician, and patron of the arts, was born on 24 September 1717 at his father's house in Arlington Street, Piccadilly, Westminster. The father was Robert Walpole, first earl of Orford (1676–1745), already a leading whig politician and on his way to becoming ...

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Wynn, Sir Watkin Williams, fourth baronet (1749–1789), patron of the arts and politician, was born on 8 April 1749, the elder son of Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, third baronet (1693?–1749), of Wynnstay, Denbighshire, and his second wife, Frances (1717/18–1803), daughter of a Cheshire...