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Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician, born on 16 March 1664 at Jerviswood Tower, Lanarkshire, was the eldest child of Robert Baillie (d. 1684) and of his wife and cousin Rachel Johnston (d. 1697), daughter of the Presbyterian martyr Sir Archibald Johnston, ...

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Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835), politician and landowner, was born at Walcot, Oxfordshire, on 9 August 1757, first-born of two sons and five daughters of Francis Basset (1715–1769), MP and landowner, of Tehidy, Cornwall, and his wife, Margaret...

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Bruce, Alexander, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680), landowner and politician, was the second son of Sir George Bruce (d. 1643) and his wife, Mary, daughter of Sir John Preston of Valleyfield. In 1645 Bruce matriculated at St Leonard's College, St Andrews...

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Burke [de Burgh], Ulick, marquess of Clanricarde (1604–1658), landowner and politician, was the only son of Richard de Burgh, fourth earl of Clanricarde (1572–1635), and his wife, Frances (d. 1632), daughter and heir of Sir Francis Walsingham and widow of Sir Philip Sidney...

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Calthorpe family (per. 1717–1910), landowners, politicians, and Birmingham benefactors, sustained for almost exactly 200 years a significant territorial link with the city, in ways, and to an extent, that have not been true of any other local dynasty in modern times, and those links continued throughout the twentieth century....

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Carington, Charles Robert Wynn- [formerly Charles Robert Carrington], marquess of Lincolnshire (1843–1928), politician and landowner, was born in Whitehall, London, on 16 May 1843, the elder son of Robert John Carrington (formerly Smith), second Baron Carrington, and his second wife, Charlotte, younger daughter of ...

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Clinton, Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-, fourth duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1785–1851), landowner and politician, was the elder son of Thomas Pelham-Clinton, third duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1752–1795), and his wife, Lady Anna Maria Stanhope (1760–1834), fifth daughter of William Stanhope, second earl of Harrington...

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Cowper, Francis Thomas de Grey, seventh Earl Cowper (1834–1905), politician and landowner, was born on 11 June 1834 in Berkeley Square, London. Styled Viscount Fordwich until he succeeded to his father's title, he was the eldest in the family of two sons and four daughters of ...

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Crawford, William Sharman (1781–1861), politician and landlord in Ireland, was the eldest son of William Sharman (d. 1803), of Moira Castle, co. Down, a protestant landowner, MP for Lisburn (1783–90), and colonel of a union regiment of volunteers. His mother was Arminella...

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Fitzgerald, James, first duke of Leinster (1722–1773), politician and landowner, was born on 29 May 1722 at Carton, co. Kildare, Ireland, the second son but surviving heir of Robert Fitzgerald, nineteenth earl of Kildare (1675–1744), landowner, and Lady Mary O'Brien (1692–1780), eldest daughter of ...

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Fitzwilliam, William Wentworth, second Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Great Britain, and fourth Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Ireland (1748–1833), politician and landowner, was born William Fitzwilliam at Milton House, near Peterborough, on 30 May 1748, the eldest son of William Fitzwilliam, ...

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Grey, Edward, Viscount Grey of Fallodon (1862–1933), politician, countryman, and author, was born in London on 25 April 1862, the eldest of the seven children, four sons and three daughters, of Colonel George Henry Grey (1835–1874) and his wife, Harriet Jane (1839–1905), youngest daughter of ...

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Grosvenor, Hugh Lupus, first duke of Westminster (1825–1899), landowner, racehorse owner, and politician, was born on 13 October 1825 at Eaton Hall, Cheshire, the second but first surviving son, and fifth of the thirteen children, of Richard Grosvenor, second marquess of Westminster (1795–1869)...

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Grosvenor, Richard, first Earl Grosvenor (1731–1802), politician and landowner, was born on 18 June 1731 at Eaton Hall, Cheshire, the elder son of Sir Robert Grosvenor, sixth baronet (1695–1755), MP for Chester from 1733 to 1755, and Jane (1704/5–1791), daughter of Thomas Warre...

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Hamilton, James, first duke of Abercorn (1811–1885), landowner and politician, eldest son of James, Viscount Hamilton (d. 1814), and his wife, Harriet, daughter of the Hon. John Douglas, was born on 21 January 1811 in Seamore Place, Mayfair, Westminster. He succeeded as ...

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Holles, John, first earl of Clare (d. 1637), landowner and politician, was the son of Denzel Holles (1538?–1590) and Eleanor, daughter of Edmund, Lord Sheffield. His year of birth is unknown. He matriculated at Christ's College, Cambridge, in 1579, was a fellow-commoner in 1580, and entered ...

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Holles, John, duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (1662–1711), landowner and politician, was born on 9 January 1662, probably in Nottinghamshire, the eldest son of Gilbert Holles, third earl of Clare (1633–1689), and his wife, Grace (d. 1702), daughter of William Pierrepont of ...

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Howard, Charles, third earl of Carlisle (1669–1738), politician and landowner, was born at Naworth, near Carlisle, the eldest son of Edward, second earl of Carlisle (c.1646–1692), and his wife, Elizabeth (1646–1696), the daughter of Sir William Uvedale of Wickham, Hampshire, and the widow of ...

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Lawless, Valentine Browne, second Baron Cloncurry (1773–1853), politician and landowner, only surviving son of Nicholas, first Baron Cloncurry (1733–1799), and Margaret (1748–1798), only child and heir of Valentine Browne of Mount Browne, co. Limerick, a wealthy Roman Catholic brewer of Dublin, was born in ...

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Lennox, Charles Gordon-, fifth duke of Richmond and fifth duke of Lennox (1791–1860), landowner and politician, was born Charles Lennox on 3 August 1791, the eldest of the seven sons and seven daughters of Charles Lennox, fourth duke of Richmond (1764–1819), and his wife, ...