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Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626), lord chancellor, politician, and philosopher, was born on 22 January 1561 at York House in the Strand, London, the second of the two sons of Sir Nicholas Bacon (1510–1579), lord keeper, and his second wife, Anne (...

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Buller, Reginald Edward Manningham-, first Viscount Dilhorne (1905–1980), lawyer and politician, was born at Latimer House, Amersham, Buckinghamshire, on 1 August 1905, the eldest of five children and the only son of Sir Mervyn Manningham-Buller, third baronet (1876–1956), a soldier and later MP, and his wife, ...

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Cave, George, Viscount Cave (1856–1928), lawyer and politician, was born on 23 February 1856 at 67 Cheapside, London, the second son of Thomas Cave (1825–1894), a City of London merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth (1827/8–1925), daughter of Jasper Shallcrass of Banstead, Surrey, who were married in 1849. ...

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Cooper, Anthony Ashley, first earl of Shaftesbury (1621–1683), politician, was born shortly after 3 a.m. on 22 July 1621 at the house of his grandfather Sir Anthony Ashley, baronet, in Wimborne St Giles, Dorset, 'the eldest child then living' (Christie, vol. 1, appx 2, p. xxv...

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Copley, John Singleton, Baron Lyndhurst (1772–1863), politician and lord chancellor, was born at Beacon Hill, Boston, Massachusetts, before the American War of Independence and died in London after the outbreak of the American Civil War.

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Cowper, William, first Earl Cowper (1665–1723), politician and lord chancellor, was the eldest son of Sir William Cowper, second baronet (1639–1706), a whig politician and ally of Anthony Ashley Cooper, first earl of Shaftesbury, and Sarah (1644–1720), the diarist, a daughter of Sir Samuel Holled...

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Fyfe, David Patrick Maxwell, earl of Kilmuir (1900–1967), politician and lawyer, was born on 29 May 1900 at 60 Morningside Drive, Edinburgh, the only child by his second marriage to Isabella Campbell (b. c.1860), a schoolteacher, of William Thomson Fyfe (...

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Haldane, Richard Burdon, Viscount Haldane (1856–1928), politician, educationist, and lord chancellor, was born at 17 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, on 30 July 1856. He was the second son (but first surviving infancy) of Robert Haldane (1805–1877), writer to the signet and a Baptist, and his second wife, ...

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Harcourt, Simon, first Viscount Harcourt (1661?–1727), lawyer and politician, was born probably in December 1661, the only son of Sir Philip Harcourt (bap. 1638, d. 1688), a landowner and politician of Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire, and his first wife, Anne (d...

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Havers, (Robert) Michael Oldfield, Baron Havers (1923–1992), lawyer and politician, was born on 10 March 1923 at 126 Mortlake Road, North Sheen, Surrey, the second of three sons and third of four children of Sir Cecil Robert Havers (1889–1977), barrister and High Court...

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Hogg, Quintin McGarel, second Viscount Hailsham (disclaimed for life) and Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone (1907–2001), lawyer and politician, was born at 5 Cleveland Square, Bayswater, London, on 9 October 1907, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Douglas McGarel Hogg, first Viscount Hailsham...

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Hyde, Edward, first earl of Clarendon (1609–1674), politician and historian, was born on 18 February 1609 at Dinton, Wiltshire, and baptized there on 22 February, the sixth of the nine children of Henry Hyde (c.1563–1634), gentleman, and his wife, Mary (...

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Pratt, Charles, first Earl Camden (1714–1794), lawyer and politician, was born in Kensington, London, and baptized there on 21 March 1714, the third son of Sir John Pratt (1657–1725), MP and later lord chief justice of king's bench, and his second wife, Elizabeth (...

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Simon, John Allsebrook, first Viscount Simon (1873–1954), politician and lawyer, was born on 28 February 1873 at 16 Yarburgh Street, a terraced house in Moss Side, Manchester, the only son and elder child of the Revd Edwin Simon (1843–1920) and his wife, Fanny Allsebrook (1846–1936)...

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Smith, Frederick Edwin, first earl of Birkenhead (1872–1930), lawyer and politician, was born on 12 July 1872 in Pilgrim Street, Birkenhead, the second of five surviving children of Frederick Smith (1845–1888), estate agent, barrister, and local politician, and his wife, Elizabeth (1842–1928), daughter of ...

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Somers, John, Baron Somers (1651–1716), lawyer and politician, was born on 4 March 1651, either at White Ladies, Claines, near Worcester, formerly his grandfather's house and at that time owned by his aunt, or at his parents' house in College Churchyard, adjacent to ...