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Arkwright, Richard (1755–1843), cotton manufacturer and landowner, was born on 19 December 1755 at Bolton, Lancashire, the only son of Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792), cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Patience (d. 1756), daughter of Robert Holt. In 1780 he married Mary (...

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Bell, Patrick (1799–1869), Church of Scotland minister and inventor of agricultural machinery, was born in April 1799 at mid-Leoch, in the parish of Auchterhouse, a few miles north-west of Dundee. He was one of at least two sons of George Bell, a tenant farmer at ...

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Blackmore, Richard Doddridge (1825–1900), novelist and fruit farmer, was born on 7 June 1825, at the vicarage, Longworth, Berkshire, the third but second surviving son of the Revd John Blackmore (1794–1858) and his first wife, Anne Basset Knight (1794–1825). Anne was the eldest daughter of the ...

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Cavendish, William, seventh duke of Devonshire (1808–1891), landowner and industrialist, was born on 27 April 1808, in Charles Street, Berkeley Square, London, the eldest of the four children of William Cavendish (1783–1812) and his wife, the Hon. Louisa O'Callaghan (d. 1863), eldest daughter of ...

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Clerk, Sir John, of Penicuik, first baronet (1649/50–1722), landowner and coal owner, was born probably at Penicuik in Edinburghshire, the son of John Clerk (1611–1674), merchant and art collector, and Mary (bap. 1630, d. in or before 1668), the daughter of Sir William Gray...

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Ferguson, Henry George [Harry] (1884–1960), designer of agricultural machinery, was born on 4 November 1884 at Growell, near Hillsborough in northern Ireland, the third son and fourth of eleven children, three girls and eight boys, of James Ferguson, a hill farmer, and his wife, ...

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Guinness, Rupert Edward Cecil Lee, second earl of Iveagh (1874–1967), brewer and agricultural improver, was born in Berkeley Square, London, on 29 March 1874, the eldest of the three sons of Edward Cecil Guinness (1847–1927), who was created earl of Iveagh in 1919, and his wife, ...

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L'Estrange [née Stubbe], Alice, Lady L'Estrange (1585–1656), keeper of household and estate accounts, was the only child of Richard Stubbe (d. 1619), a lawyer, and his second wife, Anne Goding, formerly widow of John Le Strange (d. 1582). Richard Stubbe...

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Macarthur, John (1766–1834), merchant and wool-grower, was probably born on 18 August 1766 and was baptized on 3 September 1767 at Stoke Damerel, near Plymouth, Devon, one of three known children of the expatriate Scot Alexander Macarthur (1720?–1790), mercer and draper, and his wife, ...

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Matthews, Bernard Trevor (1930–2010), turkey farmer, was born on 24 January 1930 at 27 Cleveland Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk, the youngest in the family of two sons and two daughters of George Armond Matthews, motor engineer, and his wife, Frances May, née Hamby. He won a scholarship to the ...

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Meikle, Andrew (1719–1811), millwright and inventor of the threshing machine, was born on 5 May 1719, probably at Saltoun, Haddingtonshire. He was one of at least two brothers. His father, James Meikle, wright in Nether Keith, Haddingtonshire, working on behalf of Henry Fletcher...

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Ryder, Samuel (1858–1936), seed merchant and golf sponsor, was born on 24 March 1858 at Walton-le-Dale near Preston in Lancashire, the first son of Samuel Ryder (1823/4–1904), a gardener, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Martin (1822/3–1904), a dressmaker. He had three elder and two younger sisters and two younger brothers. He attended ...

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Stuart, John Crichton-, second marquess of Bute (1793–1848), landowner and industrialist, was born on 10 August 1793 at Dumfries House, Ayrshire, the eldest son (there were no daughters) of John Stuart, Viscount Mountstuart (1767–1794), of Mountstuart House, Isle of Bute, and his wife, ...

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Sutton, John (bap. 1777, d. 1863), corn dealer and seedsman, was baptized at St Mary Somerset, London, on 1 June 1777, the fourth son in a family of six sons and four daughters of James Sutton (1744–1789), partner in Sutton and Winckworth, flour factors, and his wife, ...

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Tolpuddle Martyrs [Dorchester Labourers, Six Men of Dorset] (act. 1834–c. 1845), agricultural labourers and trade unionists from the village of Tolpuddle in Dorset, became famous as victims of injustice, whose sentences of transportation caused a public outcry in 1834.

All six men lived and worked in ...

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Whitbread, Samuel (1720–1796), brewer and landowner, was born on 30 August 1720 at Cardington, near Bedford, the seventh of eight children and the youngest of five sons of Henry Whitbread (d. 1727) and his second wife, Elizabeth Read. The Whitbread family were of prosperous nonconformist yeoman stock, farming their own land and closely associated with leading ...