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Calvert, Cecil, second Baron Baltimore (1605–1675), colonial promoter, was born on 8 August 1605, probably in Kent, and baptized on 2 March 1606, the son of George Calvert, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), statesman, and his first wife, Anne (1579–1622), the daughter of George Mynne...

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Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), courtier and colonist in America, was born in Kiplin in Catterick parish, Yorkshire, the son of Leonard Calvert (b. c.1550) and Alica Crosland (d. early 1580s). He was descended from a Roman Catholic family that had been in ...

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Douglas, Thomas, fifth earl of Selkirk (1771–1820), colonist and proponent of colonization in North America, was born at St Mary's Isle, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland, on 20 June 1771, the youngest of the seven sons of Dunbar Douglas, fourth earl of Selkirk (1722–1799), and his wife, ...

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Henty, Edward (1810–1878), pioneer colonist in Australia, and his brother Stephen Henty (1811–1872) were born respectively, on 28 March 1810 and 3 November 1811, the fourth and fifth surviving sons of Thomas Henty (1775–1839), a farmer and latterly a banker from ...

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Light, William (1786–1839), surveyor and founder of Adelaide, was born in Kuala Kedah, Malaya, on 27 April 1786, the second son of Captain Francis Light, RN (bap. 1740, d. 1794), and Martinha Rozells, said to have been a Malay princess but who was most probably a Portuguese Eurasian. He had at least one brother and one sister. In 1786 his father had established the first British settlement at ...

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Oglethorpe, James Edward (1696–1785), army officer and founder of the colony of Georgia, was born in London on 22 December 1696, the third and youngest surviving son of Sir Theophilus Oglethorpe (1650–1702), politician and army officer, and his wife, Eleanor, née Wall (1662–1732)...

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Penn, William (1644–1718), Quaker leader and founder of Pennsylvania, was born in the liberty of the Tower of London on 14 October 1644, the son of Sir William Penn (bap. 1621, d. 1670), admiral in the English navy, and Margaret (1610?–1682), the daughter of ...

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Povey, Thomas (b. 1613/14, d. in or before 1705), colonial entrepreneur and administrator, was the son of Justinian Povey (d. c.1652), auditor of the queen's revenue and auditor of the exchequer, and his second wife, Anne Keterick (d. 1657). One of a family of at least nine children, he seems originally to have been destined for the law and entered ...

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Raffles, Sir (Thomas) Stamford Bingley (1781–1826), colonial governor and founder of Singapore, the eldest and only surviving son of Captain Benjamin Raffles (d. c.1797) and his wife, née Anne Lyde (d. 1824), was born off Port Morant, Jamaica, on 6 July 1781, aboard his father's ship, the West Indiaman ...

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Rich, Sir Nathaniel (c. 1585–1636), colonial investor and politician, was probably born at Leighs in Essex, a son of Richard Rich (d. 1598), landowner, and Jane Machell or Mitchell, daughter of John Machell or Mitchell, clothier and sometime sheriff of London. His father was one of the illegitimate children of the ...

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Rich, Robert, second earl of Warwick (1587–1658), colonial promoter and naval officer, was born in May or June 1587, probably at Leighs Priory, Essex, the eldest son of Robert Rich, third Baron Rich and later first earl of Warwick (1559?–1619), courtier and privateer, and his first wife, ...

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Rudd, Charles Dunell (1844–1916), businessman and associate of Cecil Rhodes, was born, he claimed, at Hanworth Hall, Hanworth, Norfolk, on 22 October 1844, the third son and fourth child of Henry Rudd (b. 1808) of Sutton Hall, Surrey, a South Africa merchant, and his first wife, ...

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Saltonstall, Sir Richard (bap. 1586, d. 1661), colonist in America, was baptized at Rookes Hall, Highcliffe in Hipperholme, Halifax, Yorkshire, on 4 April 1586, the eldest son of Samuel Saltonstall (1562–1613) and his wife, Anne (1564–1589), daughter of John Ramsden of Almondbury, Yorkshire...

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Wakefield, Edward Gibbon (1796–1862), promoter of colonization, was born on 20 March 1796 in London. He was the second child and eldest son of Edward Wakefield (1774–1854), philanthropist, land agent, and writer on economics, and Susanna, née Crash (d. 1817), a farmer's daughter from ...