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Adams, John (1735–1826), president of the United States of America, was born on 19 October 1735, in the north parish (in 1792 named Quincy) of Braintree, Suffolk county, Massachusetts, the eldest child of ‘Deacon’ John Adams (1692–1761), a local farmer, shoemaker, and office-holder, and his wife, ...

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Adams, Samuel (1722–1803), revolutionary politician in America, was born on 27 September 1722, one of three children (who survived to adulthood) of Samuel Adams (1689–1748) of Boston and his wife, Mary, née Fifield (d. after 1748). Adams inherited his political activism from his father, a brewer and member of the ...

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Armstrong, William, Baron Armstrong of Sanderstead (1915–1980), civil servant and banker, was born in the Salvation Mothers' Home, Mare Street, Clapton, London, on 3 March 1915, the elder son of William Armstrong, of Stirling, and his wife, Priscilla Hopkins. Both his parents were ...

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Asquith, Herbert Henry, first earl of Oxford and Asquith (1852–1928), prime minister, was born on 12 September 1852 at Croft House, Morley, Yorkshire. He was registered at birth as Herbert Asquith, and was known by that name until he was about forty, being called ...

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Avery, Thomas (1813–1894), scale manufacturer and local politician, was born in 1813, the second son of William Avery (1789–1843), scale maker, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Balden. Thomas and his elder brother, William Henry Avery (1812–1874), were born into a long-established dynasty of ...

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Bartlett, Josiah (1729–1795), physician and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 21 November 1729 in Amesbury, Massachusetts, the seventh and youngest child of Stephen Bartlett, a shoemaker, and his wife, Hannah Webster. Josiah had little schooling before being apprenticed to a relative, ...

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Belcher, Jonathan (1682–1757), merchant and colonial governor, was born on 8 January 1682 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the fifth of seven children of Andrew Belcher (1648–1717), merchant and politician, and his wife, Sarah (1651–1689), the daughter of Jonathan Gilbert, Connecticut merchant and politician.

Following his father's example ...

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Benn, Anthony Neil Wedgwood [Tony], second Viscount Stansgate (disclaimed for life) (1925–2014), politician, was born on 3 April 1925 at 40 Grosvenor Road, Westminster, the second of three surviving sons of William Wedgwood Benn (1877–1960), politician, and his wife, ...

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Benn, Sir Ernest John Pickstone, second baronet (1875–1954), publisher and libertarian, was born in Ferncliffe Road, Hackney, London, on 25 June 1875, the eldest child of the four sons and two daughters of Sir John Williams Benn, first baronet (1850–1922), publisher and Liberal member of ...

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Benn, Sir John Williams, first baronet (1850–1922), publisher and politician, was born at Hyde, Cheshire, on 13 November 1850, the eldest child of the Revd Julius Benn (1826–1883), Congregational minister, and his wife, Ann Taylor (d. 1890). The family settled in Stepney...

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Bondfield, Margaret Grace (1873–1953), trade unionist, campaigner for women's interests, and politician, was born on 17 March 1873 at Chard, Somerset, the tenth of eleven children and third of four daughters of William Bondfield (1814–1901), foreman laceworker, and his wife, Anne Taylor (1827?–1911)...

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Burritt, Elihu (1810–1879), peace campaigner and American consul, was born in New Britain, Connecticut, on 8 December 1810, the son of Elihu Burritt (d. 1827), a farmer and cobbler, and his wife, Elizabeth Hinsdale, a Calvinist. While earning his living as a blacksmith, ...

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Cooke, Elisha (1678–1737), politician and physician in America, was born on 20 December 1678 in Boston, Massachusetts, the only son of Elisha Cooke (1637–1715), also a physician and a long-time leader of the puritan or anti-prerogative faction in Massachusetts, and Elizabeth (1651–1715), daughter of ...

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Crooks, William [Will] (1852–1921), politician, was born on 6 April 1852 at 2 Shirbutt Street, a one-roomed house near the docks at Poplar in the East End of London. He was the third of seven children of Caroline, née Coates (b. c...

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Dudley, Joseph (1647–1720), colonial governor, was born on 23 September 1647 at Roxbury in Massachusetts Bay Colony, the seventh child of Thomas Dudley (1576–1653), the colony's second governor, and his second wife, Catherine Hackburn (née Dighton), the widow of Samuel Hackburn of ...

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Edwards, Huw Thomas (1892–1970), trade unionist and politician in Wales, was born at Pen-y-ffridd, Ro-wen, Caernarvonshire, on 19 November 1892, the youngest son of Hugh Edwards (1851–1936) and his first wife, Elizabeth, née Williams (1855–1901). As was the custom of Anglicization at the time, his name was registered on his birth certificate as ...

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Evans, Gwynfor Richard (1912–2005), politician, was born on 1 September 1912 at Y Goedwig, 24 Somerset Road, Barry, Glamorgan, the eldest of the three children of Daniel James (Dan) Evans, ironmonger, and his wife, Catherine Mary, née Richard, shopkeeper. His industrious and godly parents established the ...

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Franks, Oliver Shewell, Baron Franks (1905–1992), philosopher and public servant, was born on 16 February 1905 at Woodbrooke settlement, Selly Oak, Birmingham, the elder son and oldest of four children of the Revd Dr Robert Sleightholme Franks (1871–1964), scholar and theologian, and his wife, ...

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Glasier, Katharine St John Bruce [née Katharine St John Conway] (1867–1950), socialist and politician, was born on 25 September 1867 in Stoke Newington, London. She was the second of seven children of Samuel Conway, a Congregationalist minister based at Ongar, Essex, and his wife, ...

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Griffith, Sir Samuel Walker (1845–1920), lawyer and politician in Australia, was born on 21 June 1845 at Merthyr Tudful, Glamorgan, the second son of the Revd Edward Griffith (1819–1891), Congregational minister, and his wife, Mary Walker (d. 1892). Griffith's father then held ministries at ...