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Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626), lord chancellor, politician, and philosopher, was born on 22 January 1561 at York House in the Strand, London, the second of the two sons of Sir Nicholas Bacon (1510–1579), lord keeper, and his second wife, Anne (...

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Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930), prime minister and philosopher, was born on 25 July 1848 at Whittingehame House, East Lothian, the third of eight children and eldest son of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner (and MP, 1841–7), and his wife, ...

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Bentham, Jeremy (1748–1832), philosopher, jurist, and reformer, was born on 4 February 1748 in Church Lane, Houndsditch, London, the eldest of the seven children of Jeremiah Bentham (1712–1792), attorney, and Alicia Woodward Whitehorne (d. 1759), the eldest daughter of Thomas Grove, a mercer of ...

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Berkeley, George (1685–1753), Church of Ireland bishop of Cloyne and philosopher, was born at or near Kilkenny on 12 March 1685. His father, William Berkeley (d. in or after 1734), who later held a military commission, was a gentleman farmer descended from a ...

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Bosanquet, Bernard (1848–1923), philosopher and social theorist, was born on 14 June 1848 at Rock Hall, near Alnwick, the youngest of five sons of the Revd Robert William Bosanquet (1800–1880), of Rock, Northumberland, and formerly rector of Bolingbroke, Lincolnshire, son of Charles Bosanquet (1769–1850)...

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Bradley, Francis Herbert (1846–1924), philosopher, was born at Clapham, Surrey, on 30 January 1846, son of Charles Bradley (1789–1871), an Anglican clergyman of evangelical persuasion, and his second wife, Emma, daughter of John Linton. Bradley's father had twenty-one children with his two wives and was generally feared by them, although apparently least by ...

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Burnett, James, Lord Monboddo (bap. 1714, d. 1799), judge and philosopher, was born at Monboddo, near Fordoun, Kincardineshire, and baptized on 25 October 1714. He was the eldest surviving son of James Burnett (b. 1688), third laird of Monboddo, and Elizabeth (1690–1765)...

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Case, John (1540/41?–1600), philosopher and physician, was born at Woodstock, Oxfordshire. He may have received his grammar-school education in Woodstock, where there was certainly a school before 1571. After spending some time as a chorister at New College and Christ Church, he transferred to ...

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Christie, Samuel Hunter (1784–1865), experimental philosopher and scientific administrator, was born on 22 March 1784, the son of James Christie (c.1739–1825), tailor, and his wife, Sarah Margaret Pomroy (c.1737–1813). From a very early age Christie displayed great mathematical ability, and he was first educated at the school in ...

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Clarke, Samuel (1675–1729), theologian and philosopher, was born on 11 October 1675 at Norwich, the son of Edward Clarke, cloth manufacturer and MP, and Hannah, daughter of Samuel Parmenter, a merchant of Norwich.

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Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772–1834), poet, critic, and philosopher, was born on 21 October 1772 at Ottery St Mary, Devon, and baptized there on 30 December, the youngest of ten children born to John Coleridge (bap. 1719, d. 1781), vicar of the town and master of the grammar school, and his second wife, ...

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Collingwood, Robin George (1889–1943), philosopher and historian, was born on 22 February 1889 at Cartmel Fell, Lancashire, the only son and third of the four children of William Gershom Collingwood (1854–1932) and his wife, Edith Mary (1857–1928), daughter of Thomas Isaac, corn merchant, of ...

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Cooper, Anthony Ashley, third earl of Shaftesbury (1671–1713), philosopher and author, was born on 26 February 1671, at about eight o'clock in the evening, at Exeter House in the Strand, London, and baptized on 7 March at St Clement Danes. He was the first son of ...

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Copleston, Frederick Charles (1907–1994), philosopher and Jesuit, was born on 10 April 1907 at Claremont, Trull, near Taunton, Somerset, the elder son of Frederick Selwyn Copleston (1850–1935), civil servant in India and high court judge in Rangoon, and his second wife, Norah Margaret...

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Cudworth, Ralph (1617–1688), philosopher and theologian, was born in Aller, Somerset, and baptized there on 13 July 1617. His father, Dr Ralph Cudworth (d. 1624), a fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, who had been lecturer of St Andrew's Church there, was rector of a college living at ...

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Emmet, Dorothy Mary (1904–2000), philosopher, was born on 29 September 1904 at 14 St Ann's Villas, Kensington, London, the elder daughter and eldest of the three children of the Revd Cyril William Emmet (1875–1923), Church of England clergyman and theologian, and his wife, ...

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Farrer, Austin Marsden (1904–1968), philosopher, theologian, and biblical scholar, was born at 28 Kemplay Road, Hampstead, London, on 1 October 1904, the son of the Revd Augustine John Daniel Farrer, a Baptist minister, and his wife, Evangeline Archer. From St Paul's School, London...

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Forbes, Alexander, fourth Lord Forbes of Pitsligo (1678–1762), philosopher and Jacobite army officer, only son of the third lord, Alexander Forbes (c.1655–1690), and Lady Sophia Erskine (fl. 1676–1734), third daughter of John, twentieth earl of Mar, was born on 24 May 1678. He succeeded to the estates and title on the death of his father in 1690. ...

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Green, Thomas Hill (1836–1882), philosopher, was born on 7 April 1836 at Birkin, near Ferrybridge, Yorkshire. He was the second son and youngest of four children of the Revd Valentine Green, rector of Birkin, and his wife, Anna Barbara Vaughan, the eldest daughter of ...

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Harris, James (1709–1780), philosopher and musical patron, was born on 24 July 1709, probably at the family home in the close, Salisbury, now called Malmesbury House. He was the eldest of three sons of James Harris (1674–1731) and his second wife, Elizabeth (...