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Bishop, Ann (1899–1990), parasitologist, was born on 19 December 1899 at 43 Derby Street, Hulme, Manchester, the first of the two children of James Kimberley Bishop, cabinet-maker, and his wife, Eileen, daughter of George Ginger, builder, and his wife, Mary. Ann Bishop's grandfather ...

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S. R. Christophers

revised by Helen J. Power

Bruce, Sir David (1855–1931), bacteriologist and parasitologist, was born in Melbourne, Australia, on 29 May 1855, the only son of David Bruce, of Edinburgh, and his wife, Jane, daughter of Alexander Hamilton, of Stirling. His father was presumably an engineer, who went to ...

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Buller, Sir Walter Lawry (1838–1906), ornithologist, was born on 9 October 1838 at Newark Wesleyan mission station in Pakanae, Hokianga region, New Zealand, the second of the ten children of James Buller (1812–1884), Wesleyan missionary, and his wife, Jane Tonkin Martin (1808–1884), both of ...

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Darwin, Charles Robert (1809–1882), naturalist, geologist, and originator of the theory of natural selection, was born on 12 February 1809 at The Mount, Shrewsbury, the fifth child and second son of Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848), Shrewsbury's principal physician, and Susannah Wedgwood (1765–1817). His sisters were ...

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Edwards, George (1694–1773), ornithologist and artist, was born on 3 April 1694 at Stratford, West Ham, Essex, to a family of Welsh descent. He was educated at a boarding-school in Leytonstone and at Brentwood grammar school. He was then apprenticed to John Dod...

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Edwards, Vero Copner Wynne- (1906–1997), zoologist, was born on 4 July 1906 in Leeds, the fifth of the six children of the Revd Canon John Rosindale Wynne-Edwards, headmaster of Leeds grammar school, and his wife, Lilian Agnes, née Streatfeild. His love of natural history was fostered early on by his childhood at ...

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Fisher, Sir Ronald Aylmer (1890–1962), statistician and geneticist, was born on 17 February 1890 at his parents' home in East Finchley, Middlesex, the last of seven surviving children born to George Fisher (1843–1920), a dealer in fine arts, and his wife, Katie (1855–1904)...

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Gould, John (1804–1881), ornithologist and publisher, was born at Lyme Regis, Dorset, on 14 September 1804, the son of John Gould, a gardener, and his wife, Elizabeth Clatworthy. Very early in Gould's life the family moved to Stoke Hill near Guildford, where three younger sisters were born and where he probably went to school. When ...

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Harris, Moses (1730–c. 1788), entomologist and artist, was born in Churchyard Alley, Holborn, London, on 15 April 1730, the son of Joseph Harris and his wife, Mary. He had at least two brothers, William and John, the latter a harpsichord maker who emigrated to ...

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Hume, Allan Octavian (1829–1912), administrator in India, founder of the Indian National Congress, and ornithologist, was born on 4 June 1829 at St Mary Cray, Kent, seventh child of Joseph Hume MP (1777–1855) and his wife, Maria Burnley (b. 1786). He grew up in the radical family environment of ...

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Lack, David Lambert (1910–1973), ornithologist, was born on 16 July 1910 in London, the eldest in the family of three sons and one daughter of Harry Lambert Lack, ear, nose, and throat surgeon, and his wife, Kathleen, an actress, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel McNeil Rind...

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Mivart, St George Jackson (1827–1900), zoologist and Roman Catholic polemicist, was born on 30 November 1827, at the family hotel in Brook Street, Grosvenor Square, London, the fourth child of James Edward Mivart (1781–1856), hotelier, and Caroline Georgina Cunningham. His education at Clapham grammar school...

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Ormerod, Eleanor Anne (1828–1901), economic entomologist, was born on 11 May 1828 at Sedbury Park, Gloucestershire, the youngest of the ten children of George Ormerod (1785–1873), historian and antiquary, and his wife, Sarah (1784–1860), eldest daughter of John Latham (1761–1843), a president of the ...

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Penny, Thomas (c. 1530–1589), botanist and entomologist, was born at Gressingham, near Lancaster, one of two known sons of John Penny, a smallholder in the hamlet of Eskrigge in that parish. After perhaps attending the local grammar school he went up to Queens' College, Cambridge...

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Potter, Walter (1835–1918), taxidermist, was born at Bramber, Sussex, on 2 July 1835 (and was baptized at Bramber on 13 September), the sixth son of James Potter (d. 1867), labourer, and his wife, Sarah (1802/3–1838). His mother died when he was young, and his father, by then employed as a publican, was remarried in 1840, to ...

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Romanes, George John [pseuds. Physicus, Metaphysicus] (1848–1894), evolutionary biologist, was born in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, on 20 May 1848, the third son of the Revd George Romanes and Isabella Gair Smith. His father, who taught Greek at the small university in ...

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Saunders, William Wilson (1809–1879), entomologist and botanist, was born on 4 June 1809 at Little London, near Wendover, Buckinghamshire, the second son of the Revd James Saunders (1770–1838), rector of Kirtlington, Oxfordshire. His name at birth was William Saunders, but owing to a proliferation of people with the same name, he later opted to include ...

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Yarrell, William (1784–1856), zoologist, was born in Duke Street, London, on 3 June 1784, the ninth of the twelve children of Francis Yarrell (d. 1794) and his wife, Sarah Blane of Bayford, Hertfordshire. His father was a bookseller and newsagent in partnership with his cousin ...

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Young, John Zachary (1907–1997), zoologist, known universally as J. Z., was born at Fishponds, Bristol, on 18 March 1907, the first of three sons and two daughters of Philip Young (1878–1965), engineer, and his wife, Constance Maria, née Lloyd (1875–1955), schoolteacher. A great-great-grandfather, ...