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W. H. Fremantle

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Alford, Henry (1810–1871), dean of Canterbury and biblical scholar, was born at 25 Alfred Place, Bedford Square, London, on 10 October 1810, the son of the Revd Henry Alford (1782–1852), an evangelical and the son and grandson of evangelical clergy, and his first wife, ...

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Ames, William (1576–1633), theologian and university teacher, was born at Ipswich, the son of William Ames, merchant, and his wife, Joane Snelling, also from a Suffolk merchant family. Both of these families were substantial folk. William had one sister, Elizabeth. When the two were quite young, the parents died, and ...

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Aston, Sir Thomas, first baronet (1600–1646), apologist of the Church of England and local politician, was born on 29 September 1600 at Aston near Runcorn, Cheshire, the eldest son of John Aston (d. 1615) and his wife, Maude Needham. The Aston family had a long history of service to the crown and ...

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Babington, Gervase (1549/50–1610), theologian and bishop of Worcester, was born in Nottinghamshire, as Sir John Harington noted, 'by birth … a gentleman of a verie good house' (Harington, 129). Claims that he was a native of Devon, made by ...

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Barrow, Isaac (1630–1677), mathematician and theologian, was born in London in October 1630, the son of Thomas Barrow, from a Cambridgeshire family, and his wife, Anne Buggin. Following the death of his mother in 1634 Isaac was sent to his grandfather's house where he remained until his father, already becoming a successful linen draper, married ...

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Barrow, William (bap. 1754, d. 1836), writer on theology, baptized on 16 December 1754 at St Andrew's Church, Dent, Yorkshire, was the fourth son of John Barrow and his wife, Isabel, née Hodgson. He was educated at Sedbergh School, Yorkshire, and entered Queen's College, Oxford...

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Bastwick, John (1595?–1654), religious controversialist and pamphleteer, was born probably in Writtle, near Chelmsford, Essex, fourth child and only son of John Bastwick (c.1540–1596), yeoman, and his second wife, Sara Lovet (c.1570–1625). His father seems to have been the first ...

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Baxter, Richard (1615–1691), ejected minister and religious writer, was born in the village of Rowton, Shropshire, on 12 November 1615, the son of Richard Baxter (d. 1663) of Eaton Constantine, Shropshire, and his wife, Beatrice Adeney (d. 1635). He was baptized in the parish church at ...

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Beckett, Edmund [formerly Edmund Beckett Denison], first Baron Grimthorpe (1816–1905), ecclesiastical controversialist, architect, and horologist, was born at Carlton Hall, near Newark, on 12 May 1816, the eldest son of Sir Edmund Beckett, fourth baronet (1787–1874), later MP for the West Riding...

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Becon, Thomas (1512/13–1567), theologian and Church of England clergyman, was born in Norfolk, near Thetford, in 1512 or 1513 to unknown parents.

Becon entered Cambridge in 1527, when the university was home to such future reformers as ...

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Bernard, Richard (bap. 1568, d. 1642), Church of England clergyman and religious writer, was baptized on 30 April 1568 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of John Bernard (d. 1592) and his third wife, Anne Wright. Encouraged by Isabel and Frances Wray, two daughters of ...

Article

Blackall, Ofspring (bap. 1655, d. 1716), bishop of Exeter and religious controversialist, was born in London and baptized on 26 April 1655 at St Gregory by Paul's, the son of Thomas Blackall (bap. 1621, d. 1688), freeman of the Haberdashers' Company and later alderman of the ...

Article

Andrew Clark

revised by Myfanwy Lloyd

Bright, William (1824–1901), church historian, born at Doncaster on 14 December 1824, was the only son of William Bright, town clerk of Doncaster, Yorkshire, and Mary Ann Branson. He was sent first to a preparatory school at Southwell, and then, in 1837, to ...

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Britten, James (1846–1924), botanist and Roman Catholic propagandist, was born on 3 May 1846 at 18 Shawfield Street, Chelsea, London, the son of James Alexander Britten, bookseller, and his wife, Mary Ann (née Shepard). His father was a prominent active member of the local community, and ...

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Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612), divine and Hebraist, was born in Oldbury, Shropshire, the son of Robert Broughton of Broughton, Shropshire. He referred to himself as of Welsh descent but nothing more certain is known. He received his early education from Bernard Gilpin, who prepared him for university and sent him to ...

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Burnet [née Blake; other married name Berkeley], Elizabeth (1661–1709), religious writer, was born on 8 November 1661, the elder daughter of Sir Richard Blake (b. 1614×16), of the Strand, London, and his second wife, Elizabeth (b. 1640/41?), daughter of John Bathurst MD (d. 1659)...

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Burton, Henry (bap. 1578, d. 1647/8), Independent minister and religious controversialist, was born at Birdsall in the East Riding of Yorkshire, and baptized on 9 October 1578, the son of William Burton and Mary (née Holme). He matriculated as sizar of St John's College, Cambridge...

Article

Butler, Joseph (1692–1752), moral philosopher and theologian, was born on 18 May 1692 in Wantage, Berkshire. He was the youngest among the eight children of Thomas Butler (d. 1731), variously described as a prominent cloth merchant or linen draper in the town and as '...

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Byfield, Nicholas (1578/9–1622), Church of England clergyman and religious writer, was born in Warwickshire, the son of Richard Byfield, who later became vicar of Stratford upon Avon, and his first wife; Richard Byfield (bap. 1598, d. 1664) was his half-brother. In the Lent term of 1596, aged seventeen, he entered ...

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C. W. Sutton

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Cardwell, Edward (1787–1861), ecclesiastical historian, was the youngest of the five sons of Richard Cardwell of Blackburn, Lancashire, and his wife, Jane, daughter of John and Margaret Hodson of Wigan. He was born in Standishgate, Wigan, on 3 August 1787 and entered Brasenose College, Oxford...