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Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist, was born on 11 May 1806 at Bramley, near Leeds. His ancestors, originally of Keighley, had been settled in this area for several generations as farmers and manufacturers. The identity of his parents has not been discovered, though it is known that his father was employed in woollen manufacture and served for some time in the militia, and that ...

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Buckle, Henry Thomas (1821–1862), historian, was born on 24 November 1821 at Lee in Kent, the son of Thomas Henry Buckle (1779–1840), partner in a London shipping firm, and his wife, Jane Middleton (d. 1859) of Yorkshire. He had two sisters. Originally from ...

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Cobbe, Frances Power (1822–1904), writer and campaigner for women's rights, was born in Dublin on 4 December 1822. She was the fifth child and only daughter of Charles Cobbe (1781–1857), a landowner, of Newbridge House, co. Dublin, and his wife, Frances Conway (1777–1847)...

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Collet, Collet Dobson (1812–1898), radical and tax reformer, was born on 31 December 1812 in London. He was the eldest son of John Dobson (1778–1827), a London merchant, and his wife (and first cousin), Elizabeth Barker (1787–1875). Collet assumed the name of his maternal grandparents, as did his sister, ...

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Combe [Comb], George (1788–1858), phrenologist, was born in Livingstone Yards, Edinburgh, on 21 October 1788, one of the seventeen children of George Comb (d. 1815), a brewer, and Marion Newton (d. 1819), who came from a family of tenant farmers. Combe...

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Folkes, Martin (1690–1754), antiquary and natural philosopher, was born on 29 October 1690 in Queen Street in the parish of St Giles-in-the-Fields, Westminster, the eldest of three sons and two daughters of Martin Folkes (1640–1705), one of the benchers of Gray's Inn, and his wife, ...

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Fox, Henry, first Baron Holland of Foxley (1705–1774), politician, was born on 28 September 1705 at Chiswick, the second son of Sir Stephen Fox (1627–1716), financier, and Christian (1679–1719), daughter of the Revd Francis Hope, rector of Haceby, and afterwards of Aswarby, Lincolnshire...

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Grant, Robert Edmond (1793–1874), comparative anatomist and transmutationist, was born in Edinburgh on 11 November 1793. He was the seventh son in the family of twelve sons and two daughters of Alexander Grant (d. 1808), a wealthy writer to the signet, and ...

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Hickeringill, Edmund (bap. 1631, d. 1708), Church of England clergyman and religious controversialist, was born in Aberford (near Leeds) where he was baptized on 19 September 1631. His father, Edmund Hickhorngill, the subject of a public proclamation in 1638 for absenting himself from church, was a recusant and the favoured servant of the papist ...

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Hunter, William (1718–1783), physician, anatomist, and man-midwife, was born on 23 May 1718 at Long Calderwood, East Kilbride, Lanarkshire, the seventh of ten children of John Hunter (d. 1741), farmer, and Agnes (d. 1751), a woman of wide education, daughter of ...

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Khama, Sir Seretse (1921–1980), president of Botswana, was born on 1 July 1921 in the royal household at Serowe in the Bechuanaland protectorate, the son of Sekgoma Khama (c.1864–1925) and his wife, Tebogo Kabailele (c.1900–1930). He was named Seretse...

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Knox, Robert (1791–1862), anatomist and ethnologist, descended from a family of Kirkcudbright tenant farmers who claimed kinship with the ancient family of Ranfurly in Renfrewshire, which included the reformer John Knox, was the eighth child and fifth son of Robert Knox (d...

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Lampe, John Frederick (1702/3–1751), composer and bassoonist, of unknown parentage, was said to be a native of Saxony (Burney, Hist. mus., 2.1001), and, according to his tombstone epitaph, was born in late 1702 or early 1703. Lampe's treatise A Plain and Compendious Method of Teaching Thorough Bass...

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Lovett, William (1800–1877), Chartist and radical, was born in Newlyn, Cornwall, on 8 May 1800, the son of William Lovett, captain of a small trading vessel and a native of Hull, who was drowned before Lovett's birth. His mother, Kezia (née Green) (...

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Macarthur, John (1766–1834), merchant and wool-grower, was probably born on 18 August 1766 and was baptized on 3 September 1767 at Stoke Damerel, near Plymouth, Devon, one of three known children of the expatriate Scot Alexander Macarthur (1720?–1790), mercer and draper, and his wife, ...

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Maitland, James, eighth earl of Lauderdale (1759–1839), politician and political economist, was born on 26 January 1759 at Hatton House, Ratho, Edinburghshire. He was the eldest surviving son of the six sons and six daughters of James Maitland, seventh earl of Lauderdale (1718–1789)...

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Morgan [née Owenson], Sydney, Lady Morgan (bap. 1783, d. 1859), novelist and socialite, was baptized in Dublin in 1783, the elder child of Robert Owenson (1744–1812), an actor of Irish origin noted for his comic roles, and Jane Hill (d. 1789)...

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Muir, (John) Ramsay Bryce (1872–1941), historian and politician, was born on 30 September 1872 at Otterburn, Northumberland, the oldest of five children of the Revd Alexander Bryce Muir and his wife, Jane, daughter of Thomas Rowatt of Edinburgh. Muir's father, Reformed Presbyterian minister at ...

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Paine, Thomas (1737–1809), author and revolutionary, was born in Thetford, Norfolk, on 29 January 1737, the first of two children of Joseph Pain (1708–1787), stay-maker and tenant farmer, and Frances Cocke (1697–c.1790), daughter of Thomas Cocke, attorney and town clerk of ...

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Simpson, Robert Wilfred Levick (1921–1997), composer and radio producer, was born on 2 March 1921 in Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, the son of Robert Warren Simpson, of Scottish descent, and his wife, Helena Hendrika, née Govaars, of Dutch descent. Both parents worked for the ...