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Andrews [née Fairfield], Dame Cicily Isabel [pseud. Rebecca West] (1892–1983), writer, critic, and journalist, was born on 21 December 1892 at 28 Burlington Road, Westbourne Park, London, the youngest of three children (all daughters) of Charles Fairfield (1843–1906) and his wife, ...

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Arnold, Thomas (1823–1900), literary scholar and teacher, was born on 30 November 1823 at Laleham, Middlesex, the third of the nine surviving children of Dr Thomas Arnold (1795–1842), schoolmaster and clergyman, and his wife, Mary, née Penrose (1791–1873), youngest daughter of the Revd John Penrose...

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Bayley, John Oliver (1925–2015), literary critic and novelist, was born in Lahore, India, on 27 March 1925, the son of Frederic John Bayley (1884–1961), a major in the Grenadier Guards, later a businessman, and his wife, Olivia Violet Beresford Hammersley, née...

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Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Bennett, Jack Arthur Walter (1911–1981), literary scholar, was born on 28 February 1911 at Auckland, New Zealand, the eldest son of Ernest Bennett, foreman shoemaker, and his wife, Alexandra Corrall. Both parents were born in Leicester in the 1880s: Ernest worked in shoe manufacturing, and emigrated to ...

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Blunden, Edmund Charles (1896–1974), poet and university teacher, was born on 1 November 1896 at 54A Tottenham Court Road, London, the eldest of the nine children (five sons and four daughters) of Charles Edmund Blunden (1871–1951) and his wife, Georgina Margaret (1868–1967), daughter of ...

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Bradbury, Sir Malcolm Stanley (1932–2000), writer and literary scholar, was born on 7 September 1932 at Nether Edge Hospital, Sheffield, the elder of the two sons of Arthur Bradbury (1899–1985) and his wife, Doris, née Marshall (1898–1993). His father's family came from Macclesfield, Cheshire...

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Brownell [married names Blair, Pitt-Rivers], Sonia Mary [known as Sonia Orwell] (1918–1980), literary editor, writer, and friend of artists and intellectuals, was born Sonia Mary Brownell on 25 August 1918 at Mesra Thaua, Ranchi, Bihar, India, the younger daughter of ...

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Bullen, Arthur Henry (1857–1920), literary editor and publisher, was born in London on 9 February 1857, the second son of George Bullen (1816x18–1894), and his first wife, Eliza Mary Martin (d. 1887). He was educated at the City of London School, where the headmaster, ...

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Butler [née Evans], Marilyn Speers (1937–2014), literary scholar and college head, was born on 11 February 1937 at 67 Kenley Road, Coombe, Kingston upon Thames, the younger child of Sir Trevor Maldwyn Evans (1902–1981), journalist, and his wife, Margaret Speers (Madge), ...

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Capell, Edward (1713–1781), literary scholar, elder son of the Revd Gamaliel Capell, was born at Troston Hall, near Bury, Suffolk, on 11 June 1713. There were four other children. Capell was educated at Bury grammar school. On 15 May 1730 Capell was admitted a pensioner at ...

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Chalmers, Alexander (1759–1834), biographer and literary editor, was born on 29 March 1759 in Aberdeen and baptized that day at St Nicholas's in the city, the youngest son of James Chalmers (bap. 1713, d. 1764), printer and publisher [see under Chalmers family (per. 1736-1876)...

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L. F. Powell

revised by M. Clare Loughlin-Chow

Chapman, Robert William (1881–1960), literary scholar and publisher, was born at Eskbank, near Dalkeith, Midlothian, on 5 October 1881, the youngest of the six children of the Revd Edward Whitaker Chapman and his wife, Hannah Margaret Cannon of a Yorkshire family. His father was the Episcopalian vicar of ...

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Child, Francis James (1825–1896), philologist and ballad scholar, was born on 1 February 1825 in Boston, Massachusetts, to Joseph Child (1792–1879), sailmaker, and his wife, Alice, née James (d. 1839?). He attended Boston's public schools before he was prepared for college at the Latin school there at the insistence and expense of its principal, ...

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Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772–1834), poet, critic, and philosopher, was born on 21 October 1772 at Ottery St Mary, Devon, and baptized there on 30 December, the youngest of ten children born to John Coleridge (bap. 1719, d. 1781), vicar of the town and master of the grammar school, and his second wife, ...

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Coleridge, Sara (1802–1852), writer and literary editor, was born on 23 December 1802 at Greta Hall, Keswick, the youngest of the three children of Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772–1834), poet and philosopher, and his wife, Sara Fricker Coleridge (1770–1845). Although she spent little time in the company of her father, who, estranged from his wife, preferred ...

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Arthur Freeman and Janet Ing Freeman

Collier, John Payne (1789–1883), literary editor and forger, was born on 11 January 1789 in New Broad Street in the City of London, the second of five children of John Dyer Collier (1762–1825) and his wife, Jane Payne (1768–1833), the spirited and artistic daughter of a ...

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Collins, John Churton (1848–1908), university extension teacher and advocate of the academic study of English literature, was born on 26 March 1848 at Bourton on the Water, Gloucestershire, the eldest of the three sons of Henry Ramsay Collins, physician, and his wife, Maria, ...

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Colvin, Sir Sidney (1845–1927), art and literary scholar and museum administrator, was born at Norwood, Surrey, on 18 June 1845, the youngest of the three children (all sons) who survived infancy of Bazett David Colvin (1805–1871), East India merchant, and his wife, Mary Steuart (1821–1902)...

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Connolly, Cyril Vernon (1903–1974), writer and literary reviewer, was born on 10 September 1903 at Whitley Villa, Whitley, Coventry, the only child of Major Matthew William Kemble Connolly (1872–1947), of Bath, an expert on snails and shells, stamps, and potted meats, and his wife, ...