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Barton, Sir Edmund (1849–1920), prime minister of Australia, was born at Glebe, Sydney, New South Wales, on 18 January 1849, youngest son of William Barton, Australia's first stockbroker, and his wife, Mary Louisa (née Whydah), a schoolteacher. Known familiarly as Toby, he was educated at ...

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Bent, Sir Thomas (1838–1909), premier of Victoria, Australia, born at Penrith in New South Wales on 7 December 1838, was the eldest child of five sons and three daughters of James and Maria (née Toomey) Bent. His father had been transported for housebreaking; his mother was a free immigrant from ...

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Berry, Sir Graham (1822–1904), politician in Australia, was born at Twickenham, England, on 28 August 1822 to Benjamin Berry (1794–1848), a retired shopkeeper, and his wife, Clara, née Graham (1788–1853). After basic schooling, he was apprenticed to a draper; on ...

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Bruce, Stanley Melbourne, Viscount Bruce of Melbourne (1883–1967), prime minister of Australia, was born on 15 April 1883 at Grey Street, St Kilda, Melbourne, Australia, the youngest of five children of John Munro Bruce (1840–1901) and his wife, Mary Ann Henderson (1848–1908), both Irish-born of Scottish descent. His father, a partner in ...

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Casey, Richard Gavin Gardiner, Baron Casey (1890–1976), politician in Australia and diplomatist, was born on 29 August 1890 in George Street, Brisbane, Queensland, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Richard Gardiner Casey (1846–1919), a pastoralist with mining interests, of Brisbane, and his wife, ...

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Chifley, Joseph Benedict [Ben] (1885–1951), prime minister of Australia, was born at Bathurst, New South Wales, on 22 September 1885, the eldest of three sons of Irish-Australian and Irish immigrant parents, Patrick Chifley (1862–1921), a blacksmith, and his wife, Mary Anne Corrigan (1856?–1929)...

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Curtin, John (1885–1945), prime minister of Australia, was born in Creswick, Victoria, on 8 January 1885, the eldest of the four children of John Curtin (1854–1919), a policeman, and his wife, Catherine Bourke (1859–1938). Both parents were Irish-born. Curtin's father was invalided out of the police force in 1890 and spent the next eight years as a hotel manager in ...

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Deakin, Alfred (1856–1919), prime minister of Australia, was born on 3 August 1856 at 90 George Street, Fitzroy, Melbourne, the younger child of William Deakin (1819–1892), business manager, of Towcester, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Sarah, née Bill (1822–1908), of Llannarth, Cardiganshire. Deakin's parents were married in October 1849 and left ...

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Forrest, John, first Baron Forrest (1847–1918), explorer and politician in Australia, third son of the ten children born to William Forrest (1819–1899), farmer and millwright, of Preston Point, near Bunbury, Western Australia (who had migrated from Stonehaven, Kincardineshire), and his wife, Margaret Guthrie (1821–1895)...

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Griffith, Sir Samuel Walker (1845–1920), lawyer and politician in Australia, was born on 21 June 1845 at Merthyr Tudful, Glamorgan, the second son of the Revd Edward Griffith (1819–1891), Congregational minister, and his wife, Mary Walker (d. 1892). Griffith's father then held ministries at ...

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Higinbotham, George (1826–1892), politician and judge in Australia, was the sixth son of Henry T. Higinbotham, a merchant of Dublin, whose family had left Holland with William III, and Sarah, the daughter of Joseph Wilson, a United States citizen of Scottish descent, formerly American consul in ...

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Hughes, William Morris (1862–1952), prime minister of Australia, was born in London on 25 September 1862. His father, William Hughes, was a carpenter of north Welsh artisan stock and his mother, Jane Morris, was from a Montgomeryshire farming family. His mother died in 1869, and until 1874 ...

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Lini, Walter Hadye (1942–1999), chief minister of the New Hebrides and prime minister of Vanuatu, was born at Agatoa village on the island of Pentecost, New Hebrides, and came from a line of chiefs on both his father's and mother's sides. His parents were Anglicans and his father was known for his skill as a carpenter and for the importance he placed on educating his children. ...

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Lyons, Joseph Aloysius (1879–1939), prime minister of Australia, was born on 15 September 1879 at Stanley, Tasmania, the fourth son of Michael Henry Lyons (1845–1929), a descendant of Irish Catholic immigrants and a storekeeper who later owned a butchery and bakery in Ulverstone...

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McIlwraith, Sir Thomas (1835–1900), entrepreneur and politician in Australia, the son of John McIlwraith, a plumber, and his wife, Janet Hamilton, the daughter of John Howat, was born at Ayr, Scotland, on 17 May 1835, and educated at Watson's school and the Wallacetown Academy...

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Menzies, Sir Robert Gordon (1894–1978), prime minister of Australia, was born on 20 December 1894 at Jeparit, in the Wimmera district of Victoria, the fourth of the five children of James Menzies and his wife, Kate Sampson. The forebears were Scots on the paternal side and Cornish on the maternal. ...

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O'Shanassy, Sir John (1818–1883), politician in Australia, was born at Ballinahow, near Thurles, co. Tipperary, Ireland, the son of John O'Shanassy, a surveyor, and his wife, Margaret Dwyer. After his father died in 1831 he left school and was apprenticed to a Tipperary...

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Parkes, Sir Henry (1815–1896), politician and journalist in Australia, was born on 27 May 1815 at Motthouse, Canley Hamlet, Warwickshire, the youngest of the six children of Thomas Parkes (b. 1773), a tenant farmer, and his wife, Martha, née Faulconbridge (d...

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Pearson, Charles Henry (1830–1894), politician in Australia and writer, was born on 7 September 1830 in the principal's house, Church Missionary Institution, Islington, London, the fourth son and the tenth child of the Revd John Norman Pearson (1787–1865) and his wife, Harriet, daughter of ...

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Herbert Burton

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Quick, Sir John (1852–1932), lawyer and politician in Australia, was born at Trevega, Towednack, near St Ives, Cornwall, on 22 April 1852, the only child of John Quick, a farmer, and his wife, Mary, the daughter of James Quick, of Trevega. The family arrived in ...