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Baldwin, Robert (1804–1858), lawyer and politician in Canada, was born on 12 May 1804 at York, Upper Canada, the eldest of the five sons of William Warren Baldwin (1775–1844), also a lawyer and politician in Canada, and his wife, (Margaret) Phoebe Willcocks (1771–1851)...

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Bennett, Richard Bedford, Viscount Bennett (1870–1947), prime minister of Canada, was born at Hopewell Hill, Albert county, New Brunswick, on 3 July 1870, the eldest of the three sons and two daughters of Henry John Bennett (1842–1905), shipbuilder and later general merchant at ...

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Blake, (Dominick) Edward (1833–1912), lawyer and politician in Canada, was born on 13 October 1833 at a homestead at Bear River, Adelaide township, Middlesex county, Upper Canada, the elder son of William Hume Blake (1809–1870) and his wife, Catherine (1804/5–1886), the daughter of ...

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Borden, Sir Robert Laird (1854–1937), lawyer and prime minister of Canada, was born in Grand Pré, in the Annapolis valley, Nova Scotia, on 26 June 1854, the eldest son of Andrew Borden (1816–1900), a farmer and railway station master, and his wife, Eunice Jane (...

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Cartier, Sir George-Étienne, baronet (1814–1873), lawyer and politician in Canada, was born on 6 September 1814 at Seven Chimneys, St Antoine-sur-Richelieu, Lower Canada, the seventh of the eight children of Jacques Cartier (1774–1841), a merchant, and his wife, Marguerite (1779–1848), the daughter of ...

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Cartwright, Sir Richard (1835–1912), businessman and politician in Canada, born in Kingston, Upper Canada, on 4 December 1835, was the son of the Revd Robert David Cartwright (d. 1843) and his wife, Harriet Dobbs (1808–1887). His paternal grandfather, Richard Cartwright (1759–1815), the founder of the Canadian family, was a very wealthy man and one of the Conservative leaders of early ...

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Diefenbaker, John George (1895–1979), prime minister of Canada, was born in Neustadt, Ontario, on 18 September 1895, the older of the two sons of William Thomas Diefenbaker (1868–1945), a schoolteacher, and his wife, Mary Florence Bannerman (1872–1951). William Diefenbaker moved to Saskatchewan in 1903 and began homesteading in 1906. Although the family relocated to ...

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Fielding, William Stevens (1848–1929), journalist and politician in Canada, was born on 24 November 1848 at Halifax, Nova Scotia, the son of Charles Fielding (1818–1905), a saddler and market clerk, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1859), the daughter of David Ellis of ...

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Foster, Sir George Eulas (1847–1931), politician in Canada, was born in Wakefield parish, Carleton county, New Brunswick, on 3 September 1847, the seventh child of John Foster (1805–1888), a farmer, and Margaret Heine (1808–1850). His parents were both from loyalist families, his father from ...

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Howe, Joseph (1804–1873), journalist and politician in Canada, was born on 13 December 1804 at the Northwest Arm, Halifax, Nova Scotia, the only son of John Howe (1754–1835), postmaster-general and king's printer of the maritimes, and his second wife, Mary Edes. His father was a ...

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King, (William Lyon) Mackenzie (1874–1950), prime minister of Canada, was born on 17 December 1874 at Berlin (later renamed Kitchener), Ontario, the first son and second child of John King (1843–1916), a law lecturer and author, and his wife, Isabel Grace (1843–1917), daughter of the Upper Canadian rebel of 1837 ...

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Laurier, Sir (Henri Charles) Wilfrid (1841–1919), lawyer and prime minister of Canada, was born in St Lin, a village near Montreal, on 20 November 1841, the son of Carolus Laurier (1815–1886), a farmer and surveyor who was active in local politics, and his wife, ...

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Macdonald, Sir John Alexander (1815–1891), prime minister of Canada, was born in Glasgow on 11 January 1815, one of the five children (and the only male to reach adulthood) of Hugh Macdonald (d. 1841), a merchant, and his wife, Helen Shaw.

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Mackenzie, William Lyon (1795–1861), journalist and politician in Canada, was born on 12 March 1795 at Springfield, Dundee, the only child of Daniel Mackenzie (c.1767–1795), a weaver, and Elizabeth Chalmers (c.1749–1839), née Mackenzie. After leaving school he held several jobs, and by 1814 he and his mother were operating a general store and circulating library. Its collapse gave him a lifelong sympathy for the indebted and a deep suspicion of the monied and privileged....

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McCarthy, D'Alton (1836–1898), lawyer and politician in Canada, was born on 10 October 1836 at Oakley Park, Blackrock, Ireland, the son of D'Alton McCarthy and Charlesina Hope Manners. His father was a lawyer who decided in 1847 to emigrate to Upper Canada (later Ontario)...

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McGee, Thomas D'Arcy (1825–1868), journalist and politician in Canada, was born at Carlingford, co. Louth, Ireland, on 13 April 1825, the second son and fifth child of James McGee, a coastguard of an Ulster family, and his wife, Dorcas Catherine Morgan, daughter of a ...

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McGill, James (1744–1813), fur trader and politician in Canada, was born on 6 October 1744 in Stockwell Street, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland, the second child and eldest son of James McGill (bap. 1717, d. 1784) and his wife, Margaret Gibson. His father, grandfather, and great-grandfather ...

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Meighen, Arthur (1874–1960), prime minister of Canada, was born at Anderson, Perth county, western Ontario, on 16 June 1874, the second child and eldest son of Joseph Meighen (b. 1846), a farmer, and his wife, Mary Jane Bell, a farmer's daughter. The boy went to a country school, his path winding along a creek, a contemplative route where he watched water and fish. He was solitary, studious, serious, with no love for sports or much proficiency in them. He liked his own company. After school there were always farm chores; he was not much good at milking cows, and, once he had learned to read, books became his passion. His parents, mercifully, entirely approved his studiousness. Neither had had much schooling, but both knew its importance. Indeed, in 1886 they moved into the town of ...

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Morris, Edward Patrick, first Baron Morris (1859–1935), politician in Newfoundland, was born at St John's on 8 May 1859, the third son of Edward Morris, originally of Waterford, Ireland, and his wife, Catherine Fitzgerald. His father was a cooper and later keeper of the ...

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Pearson, Lester Bowles (1897–1972), diplomatist and prime minister of Canada, was born on 23 April 1897 at Newtonbrook (later North York), Ontario, the second of three children of the Revd Edwin Arthur Pearson, a Methodist minister, and his wife, Annie Sarah, the daughter of ...