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Bethel, Slingsby (bap. 1617, d. 1697), merchant and political economist, was baptized in Alne, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, on 27 February 1617, a younger son of Sir Walter Bethel (d. 1622), gentleman, and Mary Slingsby (1582–1662), daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby...

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Fitzpatrick, Richard (1748–1813), army officer, politician, and poet, was born on 24 January 1748, the second son of John Fitzpatrick, second Baron Gowran in the peerage of Ireland (1719–1758) who was created earl of Upper Ossory in 1751, and his wife, Evelyn (1725–1763)...

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Gardner, Sir James Tynte Agg- (1846–1928), brewer and politician, was born on 25 November 1846, at Cheltenham, the elder son of James Agg-Gardner (1804–1858) and his wife, Eulalie Emily (1819–1901), the fifth daughter and coheir of William Richard Hopkins-Northey. He had one brother and a sister. His father took the additional surname after his patronymic of ...

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King, Peter, first Baron King (1669–1734), lord chancellor, was born in Exeter, the son of Jerome King, a prosperous grocer and drysalter, and Anne, daughter of Peter Locke and first cousin of John Locke, the philosopher.

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Lawson, Sir Wilfrid, second baronet (1829–1906), politician and temperance campaigner, born on 4 September 1829 at his father's house, Brayton, near Carlisle, was the eldest son in a family of four sons and four daughters of Sir Wilfrid Lawson, first baronet (1795–1867), and his wife, ...

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Munro, Sir Thomas, first baronet (1761–1827), army officer in the East India Company and administrator in India, was born on 27 May 1761 at Glasgow, the second of the seven children of Alexander Munro (d. 1809), a Glasgow merchant trading with Virginia...

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Pynchon, William (1590–1662), public official and pamphleteer in America, was born on 26 December 1590 at Springfield, Essex, the son of John Pynchon (d. 1610) and Frances Brett (bap. 1590). As the child of a wealthy gentry family he was taught Latin, Greek, and Hebrew, but there is no evidence that he attended university. In 1624 he married ...

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Romilly, Sir Samuel (1757–1818), lawyer and politician, was born on 1 March 1757 in Frith Street, Soho, London, the youngest of the nine children of Peter Romilly (1712–1784) and his wife, Margaret Garnault (d. 1796). Both the Romilly and Garnault families had emigrated to ...

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Thompson, Thomas Perronet (1783–1869), army officer and politician, was born on 15 March 1783 at 17 Lowgate, Hull, eldest of the four children of Thomas Thompson and his wife, Philothea Perronet Thompson, née Briggs (1753–1823). His father was a banker and merchant, MP for ...

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Vane, Sir Henry, the younger (1613–1662), politician and author, was born near Debden, Essex, and was baptized at Debden on 26 May 1613, the first of the eleven children of Sir Henry Vane the elder (1589–1655), a Kentish landowner and rising courtier, and his wife, ...

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Walwyn, William (bap. 1600, d. 1681), Leveller and medical practitioner, was baptized on 17 August 1600 at Newland, Worcestershire. He was the second son of Robert Walwyn (d. in or before 1616) of Newland, a landed gentleman, and his second wife, Elizabeth (...

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Wentworth, Thomas, second Baron Wentworth and de jure seventh Baron Le Despenser (1525–1584), soldier and administrator, was the eldest of at least eight sons and the heir of Thomas Wentworth, first Baron Wentworth (1501–1551), nobleman, and his wife, Margaret (d. 1551), elder daughter and coheir of ...

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Whitelocke, Bulstrode, appointed Lord Whitelocke under the protectorate (1605–1675), lawyer and politician, was the eldest son of Sir James Whitelocke (1570–1632), judge, and his wife, Elizabeth (1575–1631), daughter of Edward and Cecily Bulstrode of Hedgerly Bulstrode. He was born in Fleet Street, London...