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Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930), prime minister and philosopher, was born on 25 July 1848 at Whittingehame House, East Lothian, the third of eight children and eldest son of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner (and MP, 1841–7), and his wife, ...

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Barkly, Sir Henry (1815–1898), colonial governor, was born on 24 February 1815 at Highbury, Middlesex, the only surviving son of Aeneas Barkly (1768–1836), formerly of Kirkton Farm, Cromarty, Scotland, and his wife, Susannah Louisa, née ffrith, the orphan daughter of a Jamaican planter. He was educated at ...

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Borden, Sir Robert Laird (1854–1937), lawyer and prime minister of Canada, was born in Grand Pré, in the Annapolis valley, Nova Scotia, on 26 June 1854, the eldest son of Andrew Borden (1816–1900), a farmer and railway station master, and his wife, Eunice Jane (...

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Campbell, John, first Baron Campbell of St Andrews (1779–1861), lord chancellor, was born on 15 September 1779 next to the Bell Inn in Cupar, Fife, where his father, George (1747–1824), was a minister of the Church of Scotland for fifty-one years. His mother, ...

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Carmichael, Thomas David Gibson, Baron Carmichael (1859–1926), administrator in India and art collector, was born at Castlecraig, near Edinburgh, on 18 March 1859, the eldest son of the Revd Sir William Henry Gibson Carmichael, tenth baronet (1827–1891), and his wife, Eleanora Anne (...

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Chalmers, George (bap. 1742, d. 1825), antiquary and political writer, was born in Fochabers, Moray, and baptized there on 26 December 1742, the son of James Chalmers, postmaster at Fochabers, and his wife, Isabella Ruddock. He attended the parish school of Bellie and later appears to have studied at ...

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Erskine, Thomas, first Baron Erskine (1750–1823), lord chancellor, was born in Edinburgh on 10 January 1750, the third son of Henry David Erskine, tenth earl of Buchan (1710–1767), and his wife, Agnes (d. 1778), the second daughter of Sir James Steuart of ...

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Fraser, Simon, eleventh Lord Lovat (1667/8–1747), Jacobite conspirator, army officer, and outlaw, was the second but first surviving son of Thomas Fraser (1631–1699), sometimes styled 'of Beaufort' (the third son of Hugh Fraser, seventh Lord Lovat), and Sybilla Macleod (...

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Gladstone [Gladstones], Sir John, first baronet (1764–1851), merchant and politician, was born John Gladstones on 11 December 1764 in Leith, the eldest son of the sixteen children (four dying in infancy) of Thomas Gladstones (1732–1809), a merchant in Leith, and his wife, Nelly (1739–1806)...

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Gordon, George Hamilton-, fourth earl of Aberdeen (1784–1860), prime minister and scholar, first child of six sons and a daughter of George Gordon, Lord Haddo (1764–1791), and his wife, Charlotte (or Charles; d. 1795), the youngest daughter of William Baird of Newbyth, Haddingtonshire...

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Gordon, Sir Robert (1791–1847), diplomatist, was probably born at Gight in Aberdeenshire, the fifth son of George Gordon, Lord Haddo (1764–1791), and his wife, Charlotte, née Baird (d. 1795), and the younger brother of George Hamilton-Gordon, fourth earl of Aberdeen (1784–1860), later prime minister. He was educated at ...

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Graham, William, first earl of Airth and seventh earl of Menteith (1591–1661), politician, was the eldest son of John Graham, sixth earl of Menteith (1574–1598), and Mary (d. in or after 1618), daughter of Sir Colin Campbell of Glenorchy. Following the death of his father he succeeded to the earldom at the age of seven, and was served heir on 7 August 1610, when not yet of full age. On 26 February 1612 he married ...

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Gunn, Ronald Campbell (1808–1881), naturalist and colonial official, was born in Cape Town on 4 April 1808, the son of an army officer, William Gunn (d. 1826), and his wife, Margaret, née Wilson (d. 1812). After a period spent as a child on ...

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Hamilton, Alexander (1757–1804), politician in the United States of America, was born on 11 January 1757 in Nevis, British West Indies, the second of two illegitimate sons of James Hamilton (c.1718–1799), itinerant trader, and Rachel Faucett Lavien (c.1729–1768). His father deserted the family when ...

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Harley, Robert, first earl of Oxford and Mortimer (1661–1724), politician, was born on 5 December 1661 in Bow Street, London, and baptized on the following day at St Paul's, Covent Garden. He was the eldest son of Sir Edward Harley (1624–1700) of Brampton Bryan, Herefordshire...

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Hay, Thomas, ninth earl of Kinnoull (1710–1787), politician, was born on 4 June 1710 at Dupplin House, near Perth, the eldest son of George Hay, eighth earl of Kinnoull (1689–1758), and his wife, Abigail (d. 1750), daughter of Robert Harley, first earl of Oxford...

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Henderson, Alexander (c. 1583–1646), Church of Scotland minister and politician, was born about 1583 in Criech, Fife, probably in or near the village of Luthrie, since he left 2000 merks to the village school in his will. He was possibly the son of ...

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King, Peter, first Baron King (1669–1734), lord chancellor, was born in Exeter, the son of Jerome King, a prosperous grocer and drysalter, and Anne, daughter of Peter Locke and first cousin of John Locke, the philosopher.

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Lindsay, Colin, third earl of Balcarres (1652–1721), politician and Jacobite sympathizer, was baptized at Kilconquhar, Fife, on 23 August 1652, the fourth and youngest (but second surviving) son of Alexander Lindsay, first earl of Balcarres (1618–1659), and his wife, Anna Mackenzie (c. 1621–1707)...

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Lockhart, George, of Carnwath (1681?–1731), Jacobite politician and memoirist, was the elder of two children of Sir George Lockhart of Carnwath (c. 1630–1689), lord president of the court of session, and his second wife, Philadelphia (b. 1655, d. in or after 1717)...