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Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930), prime minister and philosopher, was born on 25 July 1848 at Whittingehame House, East Lothian, the third of eight children and eldest son of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner (and MP, 1841–7), and his wife, ...

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Campbell, John, first Baron Campbell of St Andrews (1779–1861), lord chancellor, was born on 15 September 1779 next to the Bell Inn in Cupar, Fife, where his father, George (1747–1824), was a minister of the Church of Scotland for fifty-one years. His mother, ...

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Carmichael, Thomas David Gibson, Baron Carmichael (1859–1926), administrator in India and art collector, was born at Castlecraig, near Edinburgh, on 18 March 1859, the eldest son of the Revd Sir William Henry Gibson Carmichael, tenth baronet (1827–1891), and his wife, Eleanora Anne (...

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Chalmers, George (bap. 1742, d. 1825), antiquary and political writer, was born in Fochabers, Moray, and baptized there on 26 December 1742, the son of James Chalmers, postmaster at Fochabers, and his wife, Isabella Ruddock. He attended the parish school of Bellie and later appears to have studied at ...

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Erskine, Thomas, first Baron Erskine (1750–1823), lord chancellor, was born in Edinburgh on 10 January 1750, the third son of Henry David Erskine, tenth earl of Buchan (1710–1767), and his wife, Agnes (d. 1778), the second daughter of Sir James Steuart of ...

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Fraser, Simon, eleventh Lord Lovat (1667/8–1747), Jacobite conspirator, army officer, and outlaw, was the second but first surviving son of Thomas Fraser (1631–1699), sometimes styled 'of Beaufort' (the third son of Hugh Fraser, seventh Lord Lovat), and Sybilla Macleod (...

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Gladstone [Gladstones], Sir John, first baronet (1764–1851), merchant and politician, was born John Gladstones on 11 December 1764 in Leith, the eldest son of the sixteen children (four dying in infancy) of Thomas Gladstones (1732–1809), a merchant in Leith, and his wife, Nelly (1739–1806)...

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Gordon, George Hamilton-, fourth earl of Aberdeen (1784–1860), prime minister and scholar, first child of six sons and a daughter of George Gordon, Lord Haddo (1764–1791), and his wife, Charlotte (or Charles; d. 1795), the youngest daughter of William Baird of Newbyth, Haddingtonshire...

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Graham, William, first earl of Airth and seventh earl of Menteith (1591–1661), politician, was the eldest son of John Graham, sixth earl of Menteith (1574–1598), and Mary (d. in or after 1618), daughter of Sir Colin Campbell of Glenorchy. Following the death of his father he succeeded to the earldom at the age of seven, and was served heir on 7 August 1610, when not yet of full age. On 26 February 1612 he married ...

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Hay, Thomas, ninth earl of Kinnoull (1710–1787), politician, was born on 4 June 1710 at Dupplin House, near Perth, the eldest son of George Hay, eighth earl of Kinnoull (1689–1758), and his wife, Abigail (d. 1750), daughter of Robert Harley, first earl of Oxford...

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Lockhart, George, of Carnwath (1681?–1731), Jacobite politician and memoirist, was the elder of two children of Sir George Lockhart of Carnwath (c. 1630–1689), lord president of the court of session, and his second wife, Philadelphia (b. 1655, d. in or after 1717)...

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Lumsden, Dame Louisa Innes (1840–1935), promoter of women's education, headmistress, and suffragist, was born on 31 December 1840 in Aberdeen. She was the seventh and youngest child of Clements Lumsden (d. 1853), advocate and writer to the signet, and his wife, Jane (...

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Mackenzie, Sir George, of Rosehaugh (1636/1638–1691), lawyer and politician, was born in Dundee either in 1636, as most sources assert, or in 1638, as his own works suggest. He was the eldest son of Simon Mackenzie (d. 1666) of Lochslin and his first wife, ...

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Middleton, Charles, first Baron Barham (1726–1813), naval officer and administrator, the twelfth child and second son of Robert Middleton, a collector of customs at Bo'ness in Linlithgowshire, and his wife, Helen, the daughter of Charles Dundas of Arniston, was born at Leith on 14 October 1726. His grandfather, ...

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Murray, James (1722–1794), army officer and colonial governor, was born on 21 January 1722, at Ballencrieff, Haddingtonshire, Scotland, the fifth son of Alexander Murray, fourth Lord Elibank (1677–1736), and his wife, Elizabeth (1684–1756), the daughter of George Stirling, a surgeon and the MP for ...

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Murray, Katharine Marjory Stewart- [née Katharine Marjory Ramsay], duchess of Atholl (1874–1960), public servant and politician, was born in Edinburgh on 6 November 1874, the eldest of the five children of Sir James Henry Ramsay, tenth baronet (1832–1925), of Bamff, east Perthshire...

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Watson, Robert William Seton- (1879–1951), historian and political commentator, was born in London on 20 August 1879, the only child of William Livingstone Watson (d. 1903), a well-to-do Scottish merchant in Calcutta and London and a small landowner in Scotland, and his wife, ...

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Wedderburn, Alexander, first earl of Rosslyn (1733–1805), lord chancellor, was born on 13 February 1733, probably in Edinburgh, the eldest of three children of Peter Wedderburn (d. 1756), advocate, and latterly judge, and his wife, Janet, daughter of David Ogilvie, an officer in a regiment of dragoons. Although his family owned a small estate outside ...