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Arch, Joseph (1826–1919), trade unionist and politician, was born at Barford, Warwickshire, on 10 November 1826, the son of John Arch (b. c.1793), a shepherd, and Hannah Pace (c.1783–1845). Before her marriage his mother worked as a domestic servant in ...

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Baldwin, Alfred (1841–1908), industrialist and politician, was born at Stourport, Worcestershire, on 4 June 1841, the youngest of twelve children of George Pearce Baldwin (1789–1840), a small-scale iron founder and businessman, and his second wife, Sarah Chalkley Stanley (1801–1874), the eldest daughter of the ...

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Chadwick, Sir Edwin (1800–1890), social reformer and civil servant, was born at Longsight, near Manchester, on 24 January 1800. Surprisingly little is known of his early life, and of his mother nothing, except that she died in the infancy of her only son. His father, ...

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Howell, George (1833–1910), politician and writer, was born on 5 October 1833 in Wrington, Somerset, the eldest of the eight children of Edwin John Howell (1809–1868) and Mary Welsh (1806–1891). He had four brothers and three sisters. Edwin Howell, a mason like his father before him, became a self-employed subcontractor for railway bridges and waterworks in ...

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Lloyd, (John) Selwyn Brooke, Baron Selwyn-Lloyd (1904–1978), speaker of the House of Commons, was born on 28 July 1904 at Red Bank, West Kirby, Wirral, the third of four children, and only son, of John Wesley (Jack) Lloyd (1865–1954), a doctor and dentist of ...

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Manning [née Perrett], Dame (Elizabeth) Leah (1886–1977), educationist and politician, was born on 14 April 1886 at Burrish Street, Droitwich, the eldest of twelve children of Charles William Perrett and his wife, Harriet Margaret Tappin, both officers in the Salvation Army. Her mother had been a teacher and her father worked for a time in the family timber business. After her parents emigrated to ...

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Paine, Thomas (1737–1809), author and revolutionary, was born in Thetford, Norfolk, on 29 January 1737, the first of two children of Joseph Pain (1708–1787), stay-maker and tenant farmer, and Frances Cocke (1697–c.1790), daughter of Thomas Cocke, attorney and town clerk of ...

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Preece, Sir William Henry (1834–1913), electrical engineer and administrator, was born on 15 February 1834 at Bryn Helen near Caernarfon, Wales, the eldest son of Richard Matthias Preece (1797–1854), stockbroker and politician, and his wife, Jane (1799–1870), daughter of John Hughes of Caernarfon...

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Shepstone, Sir Theophilus (1817–1893), politician in Natal, was born on 8 January 1817 at Westbury-on-Trym, on the outskirts of Bristol, Gloucestershire, the son of (John) William Shepstone (1796–1873), stonemason and Methodist missionary, and his wife, Elizabeth Brooks (1793–1833). In 1820 the Shepstone family joined one of the parties of English settlers recruited to establish farming settlements near the eastern frontier of ...

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Sisson, Charles Hubert (1914–2003), poet, essayist, and civil servant, was born on 22 April 1914 at 468 Stapleton Road, Bristol, the third of four children of Richard Percy Sisson and his wife, Ellen Minnie, née Worlock. His father, who came from Kendal in ...

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Smith, William Henry (1825–1891), newsagent and politician, was born on 24 June 1825 at 42 Duke Street, Grosvenor Square, London, the only son of William Henry Smith (1792–1865), and his wife, Mary Ann Cooper. He had six sisters. His father, who was originally a newsagent in a small way of business, had the idea of sending ...

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Thatcher [née Roberts], Margaret Hilda, Baroness Thatcher (1925–2013), prime minister, was born at 1 North Parade, Grantham, Lincolnshire, on 13 October 1925, the younger daughter of Alfred Roberts, grocer, and his wife, Beatrice Ethel, née Stephenson (1888–1960).

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Thompson, Thomas Perronet (1783–1869), army officer and politician, was born on 15 March 1783 at 17 Lowgate, Hull, eldest of the four children of Thomas Thompson and his wife, Philothea Perronet Thompson, née Briggs (1753–1823). His father was a banker and merchant, MP for ...

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Wentworth, Mary Watson- [née Mary Bright], marchioness of Rockingham (bap. 1735, d. 1804), political wife, was baptized on 27 August 1735 at Ackworth, near Pontefract, Yorkshire, the daughter and heir of Thomas Bright (d. 1739), son of John Bright (formerly Liddell)...