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Anderson, Sir Robert (1841–1918), spymaster, detective chief, and author, was born on 29 May 1841 in Mountjoy Square, Dublin, the son of Matthew Anderson (1804–1888), crown solicitor, Dublin, and his wife, Mary. He himself described his more distant forebears as 'among the Scotch colonists who made ...

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Arnold, Matthew (1822–1888), poet, writer, and inspector of schools, was born at Laleham-on-Thames, Middlesex, on 24 December 1822, the eldest son and second of the nine surviving children of the Revd Thomas Arnold (1795–1842) and Mary Penrose Arnold (1791–1873). Thomas Arnold had been a fellow of ...

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Bacon, Sir Nicholas (1510–1579), lawyer and administrator, was born on Childermas day (28 December) 1510, the second son and one of the five children of Robert Bacon (d. 1548), yeoman and sheep-reeve to the abbot of Bury St Edmunds, and his wife, ...

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Bancroft, Ian Powell, Baron Bancroft (1922–1996), civil servant, was born at Risedale Maternity Home, Barrow in Furness, Lancashire, on 23 December 1922, the only son of Alfred Ernest Bancroft (1886–1954), a schoolmaster who later became an inspector of schools, and his wife, Lilian, ...

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Blount, Charles, eighth Baron Mountjoy and earl of Devonshire (1563–1606), soldier and administrator, was the second son of James Blount, sixth Baron Mountjoy (1532/3–1581), nobleman [see under Blount, Charles, fifth Baron Mountjoy], and his wife, Catherine (d. 1576), daughter of ...

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Bowes, Sir Martin (1496/7–1566), goldsmith and mayor of London, was born in York in the parish of St Cuthbert, Peaseholme. Despite his disclaimer in 1549 that at the time of his going thirty-eight years previously to London at the age of fourteen (...

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Boyle, Richard, first earl of Cork (1566–1643), landowner and administrator, was born at Preston, near Faversham in Kent, on 13 October 1566, the second son of Roger Boyle (d. 1576), landowner, and his wife, Joan, daughter of Robert Naylor. Roger Boyle, a cadet of a ...

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Bradford, Sir Edward Ridley Colborne, first baronet (1836–1911), administrator in India and police officer, was born on 27 July 1836 at Hambleden Cottage, Buckinghamshire, the second son of William Mussage Kirkwall Bradford (1806–1872), who was rector successively of Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire; Weeke, Hampshire...

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Brand, Robert Henry, Baron Brand (1878–1963), merchant banker and public servant, was born on 30 October 1878 in Kensington, London, the seventh child and fourth son of Henry Robert Brand, second Viscount Hampden of Glynde (1841–1906), soldier, Liberal MP, and colonial governor, and his second wife, ...

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Bridges, Edward Ettingdene, first Baron Bridges (1892–1969), civil servant, was born at Yattendon Manor, Berkshire, on 4 August 1892. He was the third of the three children and only son of Robert Seymour Bridges (1844–1930), poet laureate from 1913 to 1930, and his wife, ...

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Butler, James, first duke of Ormond (1610–1688), lord lieutenant of Ireland, was born at Clerkenwell, Middlesex, on 19 October 1610.

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Carew, George, earl of Totnes (1555–1629), soldier and administrator, was born on 29 May 1555, the second son of George Carew (1497/8–1583), Church of England clergyman, and his wife, Anne (d. 1605), daughter of Sir Nicholas Harvey and his second wife, Bridget...

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Carey, Henry, first Baron Hunsdon (1526–1596), courtier and administrator, was born on 4 March 1526, the only son of William Carey (c. 1496–1528), courtier, of Aldenham, Hertfordshire, and his wife, Mary [see Stafford, Mary (c. 1499-1543)], royal mistress, daughter of Thomas Boleyn, ...

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Cave, Sir Ambrose (c. 1503–1568), knight of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem and administrator, was the fourth or fifth son of Richard Cave (d. 1542) of Stanford, Northamptonshire, and his second wife, Margaret, daughter of John Saxby of Northampton. He satisfied the criteria of nobility of birth necessary for admission as a knight of the English ...

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Cavendish, Lord Frederick Charles (1836–1882), chief secretary for Ireland, was the second son of William Cavendish, seventh duke of Devonshire (1808–1891), landowner and industrialist, and his wife, Blanche Georgiana Howard, fourth daughter of George, sixth earl of Carlisle, who were married on 6 August 1829. ...

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Chadwick, Sir Edwin (1800–1890), social reformer and civil servant, was born at Longsight, near Manchester, on 24 January 1800. Surprisingly little is known of his early life, and of his mother nothing, except that she died in the infancy of her only son. His father, ...

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Chester, Sir William (c. 1509–1595?), mayor of London, was the second son of John Chester (d. 1513), citizen and draper of London, and his wife, Joan (d. 1545), the daughter of one Hill of London and widow of Richard Wellis. John Chester...

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Cornwallis, Charles, first Marquess Cornwallis (1738–1805), governor-general of India and lord lieutenant of Ireland, the sixth child and eldest son of Charles Cornwallis, fifth Baron and first Earl Cornwallis (1700–1762), and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1785), daughter of Charles ‘Turnip’ Townshend, second Viscount Townshend...

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Cowper, Henry (c. 1753–1840), clerk assistant of the House of Lords, was the youngest of the three sons of Lieutenant-General Spencer Cowper (c.1724–1797) of Ham Common, Surrey, and his wife, Charlotte, daughter of John Baber. He matriculated at Exeter College, Oxford...

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Craggs, James, the elder (bap. 1657, d. 1721), politician and government official, was the eldest son of Anthony Craggs (d. 1680?) of Holbeck, in Wolsingham parish, Durham, and Anne (1628–1672), daughter of the Revd Ferdinando Morecroft, rector of Stanhope in Wardell, Durham...